1.Ogden, CL, Carroll, MD, Kit, BKet al. (2012) Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999–2010. JAMA 307, 483–490.
2.Zephier, E, Himes, JH, Story, Met al. (2006) Increasing prevalences of overweight and obesity in Northern Plains American Indian children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160, 34–39.
3.Janitz, AE, Moore, WE, Stephens, ALet al. (2012) Weight status of American Indian and white elementary school students living in the same rural environment, Oklahoma, 2005–2009. Prev Chronic Dis 9, E78.
4.Eichner, JE, Moore, WE, Perveen, Get al. (2008) Overweight and obesity in an ethnically diverse rural school district: the Healthy Kids Project. Obesity (Silver Spring) 16, 501–504.
5.Caballero, B, Himes, JH, Lohman, Tet al. (2003) Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities. Am J Clin Nutr 78, 308–312.
6.Madsen, KA, Weedn, AE & Crawford, PB (2010) Disparities in peaks, plateaus, and declines in prevalence of high BMI among adolescents. Pediatrics 126, 434–442.
7.Isomaa, B, Almgren, P, Tuomi, Tet al. (2001) Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Care 24, 683–689.
8.Dabelea, D, Hanson, RL, Bennett, PHet al. (1998) Increasing prevalence of type II diabetes in American Indian children. Diabetologia 41, 904–910.
9.Fagot-Campagna, A, Burrows, NR & Williamson, DF (1999) The public health epidemiology of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents: a case study of American Indian adolescents in the Southwestern United States. Clin Chim Acta 286, 81–95.
10.Imperatore, G, Boyle, JP, Thompson, TJet al. (2012) Projections of type 1 and type 2 diabetes burden in the US population aged <20 years through 2050: dynamic modeling of incidence, mortality, and population growth. Diabetes Care 35, 2515–2520.
11.Barnes, PM, Adams, PF & Powell-Griner, E (2010) Health Characteristics of the American Indian or Alaska Native Adult Population: United States, 2004–2008. National Health Statistics Reports no. 20. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr020.pdf
12.Singh, AS, Mulder, C, Twisk, JWet al. (2008) Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. Obes Rev 9, 474–488.
13.O'Connell, JM, Wilson, C, Manson, SMet al. (2012) The costs of treating American Indian adults with diabetes within the Indian Health Service. Am J Public Health 102, 301–308.
14.Story, M, Evans, M, Fabsitz, RRet al. (1999) The epidemic of obesity in American Indian communities and the need for childhood obesity-prevention programs. Am J Clin Nutr 69, Suppl. 4, 747S–754S.
15.Holm, JE, Vogeltanz-Holm, N, Poltavski, Det al. (2010) Assessing health status, behavioral risks, and health disparities in American Indians living on the Northern Plains of the US. Public Health Rep 125, 68–78.
16.O'Connell, J, Yi, R, Wilson, Cet al. (2010) Racial disparities in health status: a comparison of the morbidity among American Indian and US adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care 33, 1463–1470.
17.Xu, J, Eilat-Adar, S, Loria, Cet al. (2006) Dietary fat intake and risk of coronary heart disease: the Strong Heart Study. Am J Clin Nutr 84, 894–902.
18.Ness, AR & Powles, JW (1997) Fruit and vegetables, and cardiovascular disease: a review. Int J Epidemiol 26, 1–13.
19.Dehghan, M, Mente, A, Teo, KKet al. (2012) Relationship between healthy diet and risk of cardiovascular disease among patients on drug therapies for secondary prevention: a prospective cohort study of 31 546 high-risk individuals from 40 countries. Circulation 126, 2705–2712.
20.Fogelholm, M (2010) Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review. Obes Rev 11, 202–221.
21.Costacou, T & Mayer-Davis, EJ (2003) Nutrition and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Annu Rev Nutr 23, 147–170.
22.Gregg, EW, Chen, H, Wagenknecht, LEet al. (2012) Association of an intensive lifestyle intervention with remission of type 2 diabetes. JAMA 308, 2489–2496.
26.Krebs-Smith, SM, Guenther, PM, Subar, AFet al. (2010) Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations. J Nutr 140, 1832–1838.
27.Kirkpatrick, SI, Dodd, KW, Reedy, Jet al. (2012) Income and race/ethnicity are associated with adherence to food-based dietary guidance among US adults and children. J Acad Nutr Diet 112, 624–635.
28.LaRowe, TL, Adams, AK, Jobe, JBet al. (2010) Dietary intakes and physical activity among preschool-aged children living in rural American Indian communities before a family-based healthy lifestyle intervention. J Am Diet Assoc 110, 1049–1057.
29.Ricci, CL, Brown, BD, Noonan, Cet al. (2012) Parental influence on obesity in Northern Plains American Indian youth. Fam Community Health 35, 68–75.
30.Stroehla, BC, Malcoe, LH & Velie, EM (2005) Dietary sources of nutrients among rural Native American and white children. J Am Diet Assoc 105, 1908–1916.
31.Gittelsohn, J, Toporoff, EG, Story, Met al. (2000) Food perceptions and dietary behavior of American-Indian children, their caregivers, and educators: formative assessment findings from Pathways. J Nutr Educ 31, 2–13.
32.Nicklas, TA, Jahns, L, Bogle, MLet al. (2013) Barriers and facilitators for consumer adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans: the HEALTH study. J Acad Nutr Diet 113, 1317–1331.
33.Van de Ven, A & Delbecq, A (1972) The nominal group as a research instrument for exploratory health studies. Am J Public Health 62, 337–342.
34.Asmus, CL & James, K (2005) Nominal group technique, social loafing, and group creative project quality. Creativity Res J 17, 349–354.
35.Miller, D, Shewchuk, R, Elliot, TRet al. (2000) Nominal group technique: a process for identifying diabetes self-care issues among patients and caregivers. Diabetes Educ 26, 305–314.
36.Vella, K, Goldfrad, C, Rowan, Ket al. (2000) Use of consensus development to establish national research priorities in critical care. BMJ 320, 976–980.
37.MacPhail, A (2001) Nominal group technique: a useful method for working with young people. Br Educ Res J 27, 161–170.
38.Jefferson, WK, Zunker, C, Feucht, JCet al. (2010) Use of the nominal group technique (NGT) to understand the perceptions of the healthiness of foods associated with African Americans. Eval Program Plann 33, 343–348.
39.Croll, JK, Neumark-Sztainer, D & Story, M (2001) Healthy eating: what does it mean to adolescents? J Nutr Educ 33, 193–198.
40.Bisogni, CA, Jastran, M, Seligson, Met al. (2012) How people interpret healthy eating: contributions of qualitative research. J Nutr Educ Behav 44, 282–301.
41.Yousefian, A, Leighton, A, Fox, Ket al. (2011) Understanding the rural food environment – perspectives of low-income parents. Rural Remote Health 11, 1631.
42.Elliott, TR & Shewchuk, RM (2002) Using the nominal group technique to identify the problems experienced by persons living with severe physical disabilities. J Clin Psychol Med Settings 9, 65–76.
43.McMackin, E, Dean, M, Woodside, JVet al. (2013) Whole grains and health: attitudes to whole grains against a prevailing background of increased marketing and promotion. Public Health Nutr 16, 743–751.
44.Rosen, R, Burgess-Champoux, T, Marquart, Let al. (2012) Associations between whole-grain intake, psychosocial variables, and home availability among elementary school children. J Nutr Educ Behav 44, 628–633.
45.Krølner, R, Rasmussen, M, Brug, Jet al. (2011) Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among children and adolescents: a review of the literature. Part II: qualitative studies. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8, 112.
46.Lutfiyya, MN, Lipsky, MS, Wisdom-Behounek, Jet al. (2007) Is rural residency a risk factor for overweight and obesity for US children? Obesity (Silver Spring) 15, 2348–2356.
47.Brown, B, Noonan, C & Nord, M (2007) Prevalence of food insecurity and health-associated outcomes and food characteristics of Northern Plains Indian households. J Hunger Environ Nutr 1, 37–53.
48.Caballero, B, Clay, T, Davis, SMet al. (2003) Pathways: a school-based, randomized controlled trial for the prevention of obesity in American Indian schoolchildren. Am J Clin Nutr 78, 1030–1038.
49.Gittelsohn, J & Rowan, M (2011) Preventing diabetes and obesity in American Indian communities: the potential of environmental interventions. Am J Clin Nutr 93, issue 5, 1179S–1183S.
50.McDonald, LR (2007) Spirit Lake Tribe Strategic Plan 2008–2013. Fort Totten, ND: Spirit Lake Planning Department, Spirit Lake Dakota Nation.
51.Gittelsohn, J, Evans, M, Helitzer, Det al. (1998) Formative research in a school-based obesity prevention program for Native American school children (Pathways). Health Educ Res 13, 251–265.