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Changes in micronutrient intake and factors associated with this change among older Australian men: the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 September 2020

Arpita Das
Affiliation:
School of Life and Environmental Science, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia
Robert G Cumming
Affiliation:
ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Centre for Education and Research on Ageing, Concord Hospital, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Vasi Naganathan
Affiliation:
ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Fiona Blyth
Affiliation:
ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
David G Le Couteur
Affiliation:
ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
David J Handelsman
Affiliation:
ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia
Rosilene V Ribeiro
Affiliation:
School of Life and Environmental Science, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Louise M Waite
Affiliation:
ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Stephen J Simpson
Affiliation:
School of Life and Environmental Science, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Vasant Hirani
Affiliation:
School of Life and Environmental Science, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney and Concord Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Objectives:

To examine changes in micronutrient intake over 3 years and identify any associations between socio-economic, health, lifestyle and meal-related factors and these changes in micronutrient intakes among older men.

Design:

Prospective study.

Setting:

Dietary adequacy of individual micronutrient was compared to the estimated average requirement of the nutrient reference values (NRV). Attainment of the NRV for twelve micronutrients was incorporated into a dichotomised variable ‘not meeting’ (meeting ≤ 6) or ‘meeting’ (meeting ≥ 7) and categorised into four categories to assess change in micronutrient intake over 3 years. The multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to model predictors of changes in micronutrient intake.

Participants:

Seven hundred and ninety-four men participated in a detailed diet history interview at the third wave (baseline nutrition) and 718 men participated at the fourth wave (3-year follow-up).

Results:

The mean age was 81 years (range 75–99 years). Median intakes of the majority of micronutrients decreased significantly over a 3-year follow-up. Inadequacy of the NRV for thiamine, dietary folate, Zn, Mg, Ca and I were significantly increased at a 3-year follow-up than baseline nutrition. The incidence of inadequate micronutrient intake was 21 % and remained inadequate micronutrient intake was 16·4 % at 3-year follow-up. Changes in micronutrient intakes were significantly associated with participants born in the UK and Italy, low levels of physical activity, having ≥2 medical conditions and used meal services.

Conclusions:

Micronutrient intake decreases with age in older men. Our results suggest that strategies to improve some of the suboptimal micronutrient intakes might need to be developed and implemented for older men.

Type
Research paper
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Nutrition Society

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