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‘Total Archaeology’ and Model Landscapes: Excavation of the Great Wilbraham Causewayed Enclosure, Cambridgeshire, 1975–76

  • Christopher Evans (a1), Mark Edmonds (a2), Steve Boreham (a3), John Evans, Glynis Jones, Mark Knight and Tony Legge...

Abstract

This paper presents the results of fieldwork and archive ‘excavation’ relating to the causewayed enclosure at Great Wilbraham near Cambridge. Initiated in 1975 by David Clarke and John Alexander, the project effectively ceased after one further season following Clarke's untimely death. Combining original data with new results from geophysical and environmental surveys, a reappraisal of the site and its landscape context is offered. ‘The archive provides a context in which to ask how the project might have developed had it not come to such an abrupt end. It also serves as a platform from which to review the assumptions that underpinned the formal approaches to landscape modelling that were so popular in the 1970s and the methodological principles which informed New Archaeology ‘in the field’.

Cette étude présente les résultats d'une prospection et d'une excavation d'‘archives’ de l'enceinte à chaussée empierrée de Great Wilbraham près de Cambridge. Entreprise sur l'initiative de David Clarke et de John Alexander en 1975, le projet a en fait pris fin après une seule autre saison à la suite du décès prématuré de Clarke. Alliant données originales et nouveaux résultats des prospections géophysiques et environnementales, nous proposons une réévaluation du site et de son contexte paysager. Les archives fournissent un contexte dans lequel on peut se poser la question de savoir comment le projet aurait évolué s'il n'avait pas été si brutalement interrompu. Elles servent également de base de départ à partir de laquelle on peut réviser les théories sur lesquelles repose l'approche conventionnelle de modelage du paysage qui était si populaire dans les années 1970 et les principes méthodologiques qui animaient la Nouvelle Archéologie ‘de terrain’.

In diesem Beitrag werden die Ergebnisse der Feldarbeit und der ,Archivausgrabung’ zur unterbrochenen Grabenanlage von Great Wilbraham, in der Nähe von Cambridge, vorgestellt. Das Projekt wurde 1975 von David Clarke und John Alexander initiiert und schließlich nach einer zweiten Feldkampagne nach Clarkes verfrühtem Tod eingestellt. Auf der Grundlage von Originaldaten der früheren Ausgrabung und neuen Ergebnissen geophysikalischer und umweltanalytischer Surveys, wird die Fundstelle und ihr Landschaftskontext neu bewertet. Dabei können auf der Grundlage des Archivs Fragen gestellt werden, wie sich z.B. das Projekt entwickelt haben könnte, wenn es nicht zu einem so abrupten Ende gekommen wäre. Das Archiv dient dabei auch als eine Art Plattform, von der aus die Hypothesen nachgeprüft werden können, die sowohl den formalen Ansätzen zu Landschaftsmodellen, die in den 1970ger Jahren so populär waren, als auch den methodischen Prinzipien, auf die sich die New Archaeology ,im Feld’ bezog, zugrunde lagen.

Este artículo es el resultado del trabajo de campo y ‘excavación’ de los archivos sobre el recinto de tipo Causeway de Great Wilbraham cerca de Cambridge. El proyecto, iniciado en 1975 por David Clarke y John Alexander, cesó efectivamente después de otra temporada de excavación tras la prematura muerte de Clarke. A través de la combinación de los datos originales con nuevas prospecciones geofísicas y medioambientales, ofrecemos una reevaluación del yacimiento y el contexto de su paisaje. El archivo ofrece un contexto desde el que preguntarnos cuál pudiera haber sido el desarrollo del proyecto de no haber terminado de manera tan abrupta. También sirve como una plataforma desde la cual revisar las suposiciones que apuntalan los enfoques formales a la construcción de modelos sobre el paisaje que tan populares fueron en los años 70, y los principios metodológicos que informaron la Nueva Arqueología ‘en el campo’.

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‘Total Archaeology’ and Model Landscapes: Excavation of the Great Wilbraham Causewayed Enclosure, Cambridgeshire, 1975–76

  • Christopher Evans (a1), Mark Edmonds (a2), Steve Boreham (a3), John Evans, Glynis Jones, Mark Knight and Tony Legge...

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