Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The sports drink as a functional food: formulations for successful performance

  • R. J. Maughan (a1)
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The sports drink as a functional food: formulations for successful performance
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The sports drink as a functional food: formulations for successful performance
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The sports drink as a functional food: formulations for successful performance
      Available formats
      ×

Abstract

  • An abstract is not available for this content so a preview has been provided below. To view the full text please use the links above to select your preferred format.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Professor R. J. Maughan, fax +44 (0)1224 662990, email oem023@ABDN.AC.UK

References

Hide All
Adopo, E, Perronet, F, Massicote, D, Brisson, G & Hilaire-Marcel, C (1994) Respective oxidation of exogenous glucose and fructose given in the same drink during exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 76, 10141019.
American College of Sports Medicine (1984) Position stand on prevention of thermal injuries during distance running. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 16, ix–xiv.
Bar-Or, O & Wilk, B (1996) Water and electrolyte replenishment in the exercising child. International Journal of Sports Nutrition 6, 9399.
Below, P, Mora-Rodriguez, R, Gonzalez-Alonso, J & Coyle, EF (1995) Fluid and carbohydrate ingestion independently improve performance during 1 h of intense cycling. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 27, 200210.
Blomstrand, E, Hassmen, P, Ekblom, B & Newsholme, EA (1991) Administration of branched-chain amino acids during endurance exercise – effects on performance and on plasma concentration of some amino acids. European Journal of Applied Physiology 63, 8388.
Bosch, AN, Dennis, SC & Noakes, TD (1994) Influence of carbohydrate ingestion on fuel substrate turnover and oxidation during prolonged exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 76, 23642372.
Brener, W, Hendrix, TR & Mchugh, PR (1983) Regulation of the gastric emptying of glucose. Gastroenterology 85, 7682.
Carter, J & Gisolfi, CV (1989) Fluid replacement during and after exercise in the heat. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 21, 532539.
Coggan, AR & Coyle, EF (1988) Effect of carbohydrate feedings during high-intensity exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 65, 17031709.
Coggan, AR & Coyle, EF (1991) Carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged exercise: effects on metabolism and performance. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews 19, 140.
Costill, DL, Bennett, A, Branam, G & Eddy, D (1973) Glucose ingestion at rest and during prolonged exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 34, 764769.
Costill, DL & Sparks, KE (1973) Rapid fluid replacement following thermal dehydration. Journal of Applied Physiology 34, 299303.
Coyle, EF (1997) Fuels for sport performance. In Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, vol. 10, Optimising Sport Performance, pp. 95138 [Lamb, DR and Murray, R, editors]. Carmel: Benchmark Press.
Coyle, EF, Coggan, AR, Hemmert, MK & Ivy, JL (1986) Muscle utilization during prolonged strenuous exercise when fed carbohydrate. Journal of Applied Physiology 61, 165172.
Coyle, EF, Hagberg, JM, Hurley, BF, Martin, WH, Ehsani, A & Holloszy, JO (1983) Carbohydrate feeding during prolonged strenuous exercise can delay fatigue. Journal of Applied Physiology 55, 230235.
Coyle, EF & Hamilton, M (1990) Fluid replacement during exercise: effects on physiological homeostasis and performance. In Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, vol. 3, Fluid Homeostasis During Exercise, pp. 281308 [Gisolfi, CV and Lamb, DR, editors]. Carmel: Benchmark Press.
Davis, JM (1996) Nutritional influences on central mechanisms of fatigue involving serotonin. In Biochemistry of Exercise, vol. 9, pp. 445455 [Maughan, RJ and Shirreffs, SM, editors]. Champaign, IL.: Human Kinetics.
Davis, JM, Burgess, WA, Slentz, CA, Bartoli, WP & Pate, RR (1988) Effects of ingesting 6% and 12% glucose/electrolyte beverages during prolonged intermittent cycling in the heat. European Journal of Applied Physiology 57, 563569.
Erickson, MA, Schwartzkopf, R & McKenzie, RD (1987) Effects of caffeine, fructose, and glucose ingestion on muscle glycogen utilisation during exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 19, 579583.
Farthing, MJG (1994) Oral rehydration therapy Pharmacological Therapeutics 64, 477492.
Fordtran, JS (1975) Stimulation of active and passive sodium absorption by sugars in the human jejunum. Journal of Clinical Investigation 55, 728737.
Freund, BJ, Montain, SJ, Young, AJ, Sawka, MN, DeLuca, JP, Pandolf, KB & Valeri, CR (1995) Glycerol hyperhydration: hormonal, renal and vascular fluid responses. Journal of Applied Physiology 79, 20692077.
Frizell, RT, Lang, GH, Lowance, DC & Lathan, SR (1986) Hyponatraemia and ultramarathon running. Journal of the American Medical Association 255, 772774.
Gisolfi, CV, Summers, RW & Schedl, HP (1990) Intestinal absorption of fluids during rest and exercise. In Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, vol. 3, Fluid Homeostasis during Exercise, pp. 129186 [Gisolfi, CV and Lamb, DR, editors]. Carmel: Benchmark Press.
Gleeson, M, Maughan, RJ & Greenhaff, PL (1986) Comparison of the effects of pre-exercise feeding of glucose, glycerol and placebo on endurance and fuel homeostasis in man. European Journal of Applied Physiology 55, 645653.
Gonzalez-Alonso, J, Heaps, CL & Coyle, EF (1992) Rehydration after exercise with common beverages and water. International Journal of Sports Medicine 13, 399406.
Gregory, J, Foster, K, Tyler, H & Wiseman, M (1990) The Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults. London: H. M. Stationery Office.
Hargreaves, M & Briggs, CA (1988) Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on exercise metabolism. Journal of Applied Physiology 65, 15531555.
Hargreaves, M, Costill, DL, Coggan, A, Fink, WJ & Nishibata, I (1984) Effect of carbohydrate feedings on muscle glycogen utilisation and exercise performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 16, 219222.
Hiller, WDB (1989). Dehydration and hyponatraemia during triathlons. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 21, S219S221.
Hubbard, RW, Sandick, BL, Matthew, WT, Francesconi, RP, Sampson, JB, Durkot, MJ, Maller, O & Engel, DB (1984) Voluntary dehydration and alliesthesia for water. Journal of Applied Physiology 57, 868875.
Hubbard, RW, Szlyk, PC & Armstrong, LE (1990) Influence of thirst and fluid palatability on fluid ingestion during exercise. In Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, vol. 3, Fluid Homeostasis during Exercise, pp. 3995 [Gisolfi, CV and Lamb, DR, editors]. Carmel: Benchmark Press.
Ivy, J, Costill, DL, Fink, WJ & Lower, RW (1979) Influence of caffeine and carbohydrate feedings on endurance performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 11, 611.
Jones, BJM, Brown, BE, Loran, JS, Edgerton, D & Kennedy, JF (1983) Glucose absorption from starch hydrolysates in the human jejunum. Gut 24, 11521160.
Jones, BJM, Higgins, BE & Silk, DBA (1987) Glucose absorption from maltotriose and glucose oligomers in the human jejunum. Clinical Science 72, 409414.
Lamb, DR & Brodowicz, GR (1986) Optimal use of fluids of varying formulations to minimize exercise-induced disturbances in homeostasis. Sports Medicine 3, 247274.
Luetkemeier, MJ, Coles, M & Askew, EW (1997) Dietary sodium and plasma volume levels with exercise. Sports Medicine 23, 279286.
Lyons, T, Riedesel, ML, Meuli, LE & Chick, TW (1990) Effects of glycerol-induced hyperhydration prior to exercise in the heat on sweating and core temperature. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 22, 477483.
Mcconnell, G, Fabris, S, Proietto, J & Hargreaves, M (1994) Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on glucose kinetics during exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 77, 15371541.
Massicote, D, Péronnet, F, Brisson, G, Bakkouch, K & Hilairemarcel, C (1989) Oxidation of a glucose polymer during exercise: comparison with glucose and fructose. Journal of Applied Physiology 66, 179183.
Maughan, RJ (1986) Exercise-induced muscle cramp: a prospective biochemical study in marathon runners. Journal of Sports Science 4, 3134.
Maughan, RJ (1994) Fluid and electrolyte loss and replacement in exercise. In Oxford Textbook of Sports Medicine, pp. 8293 [Harries, M, Williams, C, Stanish, WD and Micheli, LL, editors]. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Maughan, RJ, Bethell, L & Leiper, JB (1996) Effects of ingested fluids on homeostasis and exercise performance in man. Experimental Physiology 81, 847859.
Maughan, RJ, Fenn, CE, Gleeson, M & Leiper, JB (1987) Metabolic and circulatory responses to the ingestion of glucose polymer and glucose/electrolyte solutions during exercise in man. European Journal of Applied Physiology 56, 356362.
Maughan, RJ & Leiper, JB (1995) Effects of sodium content of ingested fluids on post-exercise rehydration in man. European Journal of Applied Physiology 71, 311319.
Maughan, RJ, Owen, JH, Shirreffs, SM & Leiper, JB (1994) Post-exercise rehydration in man: effects of electrolyte addition to ingested fluids. European Journal of Applied Physiology 69, 209215.
Mitchell, JB, Costill, DL, Houmard, JA, Flynn, MG, Fink, WJ & Beltz, JD (1988) Effects of carbohydrate ingestion on gastric emptying and exercise performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 20, 110115.
Montner, P, Stark, DM, Riedesel, ML, Murata, G, Robergs, R, Timms, M & Chick, TW (1996) Pre-exercise glycerol hydration improves cycling endurance time. International Journal of Sports Medicine 17, 2733.
Murray, R (1987) The effects of consuming carbohydrate-electrolyte beverages on gastric emptying and fluid absorption during and following exercise. Sports Medicine 4, 322351.
Murray, R, Eddy, DE, Murray, TW, Seifert, JG, Paul, GL & Halaby, GA (1987) The effect of fluid and carbohydrate feedings during intermittent cycling exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 19, 597604.
Nadel, ER, Mack, GW & Nose, H (1990) Influence of fluid replacement beverages on body fluid homeostasis during exercise and recovery. In Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, vol. 3, Fluid Homeostasis during Exercise, pp 181205 [Gisolfi, CV and Lamb, DR, editors]. Carmel: Benchmark Press.
Newsholme, EA & Castell, LM (1996) Can amino acids influence exercise performance in athletes? In The Physiology and Pathophysiology of Exercise Tolerance, pp. 269274 [Steinacker, JM and Ward, SA, editors]. New York: Plenum Press.
Nielsen, B, Sjogaard, G, Ugelvig, J, Knudsen, B & Dohlmann, B (1986) Fluid balance in exercise dehydration and rehydration with different glucose-electrolyte drinks. European Journal of Applied Physiology 55, 318325.
Noakes, TD (1990) The dehydration myth and carbohydrate replacement during prolonged exercise. Cycling Science 1, 2329.
Noakes, TD (1993) Fluid replacement during exercise. In Exercise and Sports Science Reviews, vol. 21, pp. 297330 [Holloszy, JO, editor]. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.
Noakes, TD, Goodwin, N, Rayner, BL, Branken, T & Taylor, RKN (1985) Water intoxication: a possible complication during endurance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 17, 370375.
Noakes, TD, Norman, RJ, Buck, RH, Godlonton, J, Stevenson, K & Pittaway, D (1990) The incidence of hyponatremia during prolonged ultraendurance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 22, 165170.
Nose, H, Mack, GW, Shi, X & Nadel, ER (1988 a) Role of osmolality and plasma volume during rehydration in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 65, 325331.
Nose, H, Mack, GW, Shi, X & Nadel, ER (1988 b) Involvement of sodium retention hormones during rehydration in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 65, 332336.
Pirnay, F, Crielaard, JM, Pallikarakis, N, Lacroix, M, Mosora, F, Krzentowski, G, Luyckx, AS & Lefebvre, PJ (1982) Fate of exogenous glucose during exercise of different intensities in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 53, 16201624.
Pirnay, F, Lacroix, M, Mosora, F, Luyckx, A & Lefebvre, P (1977) Glucose oxidation during prolonged exercise evaluated with naturally labeled [13C]glucose. Journal of Applied Physiology 43, 258261.
Rehrer, NJ (1990) Limits to Fluid Availability During Exercise. Haarlem, The Netherlands: De Vriesebosch.
Riedesel, ML, Allen, DL, Peake, GT & Al-Qattan, K (1987) Hyperhydration with glycerol solutions. Journal of Applied Physiology 63, 22622268.
Sasaki, H, Maeda, J, Usui, S & Ishiko, T (1987) Effect of sucrose and caffeine ingestion on performance of prolonged stren uous running. International Journal of Sports Medicine 8, 261265.
Sawka, MN & Pandolf, KB (1990) Effects of body water loss on physiological function and exercise performance. In Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, vol. 3. Fluid Homeostasis during Exercise, pp. 138 [Gisolfi, CV and Lamb, DR, editors]. Carmel: Benchmark Press.
Shi, X, Summers, RW & Schedl, HP (1995) Effect of Carbohydrate type and concentration and solution osmolality on water absorption. Journal of Applied Physiology 27, 16071615.
Shirreffs, SM & Maughan, RJ (1997) Whole body sweat collection in man: an improved method with some preliminary data on electrolyte composition. Journal of Applied Physiology 82, 336341.
Shirreffs, SM, Taylor, AJ, Leiper, JB & Maughan, RJ (1996) Post-exercise rehydration in man: effects of volume consumed and sodium content of ingested fluids. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 28, 12601271.
Spiller, RC, Jones, BJM, Brown, BE & Silk, DBA (1982) Enhancement of carbohydrate absorption by the addition of sucrose to enteric diets. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 6, 321.
Spriet, LL (1997) Ergogenic aids: recent advances and retreats. In Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, vol. 10, Optimising Sport Peformance, pp. 185238 [Lamb, DR and Murray, R, editors]. Carmel: Benchmark Press.
Szlyk, PC, Sils, IV, Francesconi, RP, Hubbard, RW & Armstrong, LE (1989) Effects of water temperature and flavoring on voluntary dehydration in men. Physiology and Behavior 45, 639647.
Tsintzsas, OK, Liu, R, Williams, C, Campbell, I & Gaitanos, G (1993) The effect of carbohydrate ingestion on performance during a 30-km race. International Journal of Sport Nutrition 3, 127139.
van hall, G, Raaymakers, JSH, Saris, WHM & Wagenmakers, AJM (1995) Ingestion of branched-chain amino acids and tryptophan during sustained exercise – failure to affect performance. Journal of Physiology 486, 789794.
Vamier, M, Sarto, P, Martines, D, Lora, L, Carmignoto, F, Leese, G & Naccarato, R (1994) Effect of infusing branched-chain amino acids during incremental exercise with reduced muscle glycogen content. European Journal of Applied Physiology 69, 2631.
Verger, PH, Aymard, P, Cynobert, L, Anton, G & Luigi, R (1994) Effects of administration of branched-chain amino acids vs. glucose during acute exercise in the rat. Physiology and Behavior 55, 523526.
Vist, GE & Maughan, RJ (1994) The effect of increasing glucose concentration on the rate of gastric emptying in man. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 26, 12691273.
Vist, GE & Maughan, RJ (1995) The effect of osmolality and carbohydrate content on the rate of gastric emptying of liquids in man. Journal of Physiology 486, 523531.
Wagenmakers, AJM, Brouns, F, Saris, WH & Halliday, D (1993) Oxidation rates of orally ingested carbohydrates during prolonged exercise in men. Journal of Applied Physiology 75, 27742780.
Wapnir, RA & Lifshitz, F (1985) Osmolality and solute concentration-their relationship with oral rehydration solution effectiveness: an experimental assessment. Pediatric Research 19, 894898.
Williams, MH (1985) Nutritional Aspects of Human Physical and Athletic Performance. Springfield, IL: CC Thomas.
Wilson, WM & Maughan, RJ (1992) A role for serotonin in the genesis of fatigue in man: administration of a 5-hydroxytryptamine reuptake inhibitor (Paroxetine) reduces the capacity to perform prolonged exercise. Experimental Physiology 77, 921924.

The sports drink as a functional food: formulations for successful performance

  • R. J. Maughan (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed