Van Der Kamp, JW, Poutanen, K, Seal, CJ
et al. (2014) The HEALTHGRAIN definition of ‘whole grain’. Food Nutr Res, 58, 22100.
Mejborn, H, Biltoft-Jensen, A, Trolle, E
et al. (2008) Wholegrain: Definition and Scientific Background for Recommendations of Wholegrain Intake in Denmark. DTU Fødevareinstituttet. Available at: www.food.dtu.dk.
Food Standards Australia New Zealand (2015) Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code – Standard 2.1.1-Cereal and cereal products. Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. FSC 96.
Seal, CJ, Jones, AR & Whitney, AD (2006) Whole grains uncovered. Nutr Bull
Ferruzzi, MG, Jonnalagadda, SS, Liu, S
et al. (2014) Developing a standard definition of whole-grain foods for dietary recommendations: summary report of a multidisciplinary expert roundtable discussion. Adv Nutr
Ye, EQ, Chacko, SA, Chou, EL
et al. (2012) Greater whole-grain intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and weight gain. J Nutr
Aune, D, Keum, N, Giovannucci, E
et al. (2016) Whole grain consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all cause and cause specific mortality: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ
Chanson-Rolle, A, Meynier, A, Aubin, F
et al. (2015) Systematic review and meta-analysis of human studies to support a quantitative recommendation for whole grain intake in relation to type 2 diabetes. PLoS ONE
Aune, D, Chan, DS, Lau, R
et al. (2011) Dietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ
Jacobs, DR Jr, Marquart, L, Slavin, J
et al. (1998) Whole-grain intake and cancer: an expanded review and meta-analysis. Nutr Cancer
Lei, Q, Zheng, H, Bi, J
et al. (2016) Whole grain intake reduces pancreatic cancer risk: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Medicine
Mourouti, N, Kontogianni, MD, Papavagelis, C
et al. (2015) Whole grain consumption and breast cancer: a case-control study in women. J Am Coll Nutr
Thielecke, F & Jonnalagadda, SS (2014) Can whole grain help in weight management?
J Clin Gastroenterol
Albertson, AM, Reicks, M, Joshi, N
et al. (2016) Whole grain consumption trends and associations with body weight measures in the United States: results from the cross sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2012. Nutr J
Huang, T, Xu, M, Lee, A
et al. (2015) Consumption of whole grains and cereal fiber and total and cause-specific mortality: prospective analysis of 367,442 individuals. BMC Med
Johnsen, NF, Frederiksen, K, Christensen, J
et al. (2015) Whole-grain products and whole-grain types are associated with lower all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the Scandinavian HELGA cohort. Br J Nutr
Chen, G-C, Tong, X, Xu, J-Y
et al. (2016) Whole-grain intake and total, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Am J Clin Nutr
Zong, G, Gao, A, Hu, FB
et al. (2016) Whole grain intake and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Circulation
Wei, H, Gao, Z, Liang, R
et al. (2016) Whole-grain consumption and the risk of all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Br J Nutr
Vitaglione, P, Mennella, I, Ferracane, R
et al. (2015) Whole-grain wheat consumption reduces inflammation in a randomized controlled trial on overweight and obese subjects with unhealthy dietary and lifestyle behaviors: role of polyphenols bound to cereal dietary fiber. Am J Clin Nutr
Brownlee, IA, Moore, C, Chatfield, M
et al. (2010) Markers of cardiovascular risk are not changed by increased whole-grain intake: the WHOLEheart study, a randomised, controlled dietary intervention. Br J Nutr
Pol, K, Christensen, R, Bartels, EM
et al. (2013) Whole grain and body weight changes in apparently healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. Am J Clin Nutr
Seal, CJ & Brownlee, IA (2010) Whole grains and health, evidence from observational and intervention studies. Cereal Chem
Mann, KD, Pearce, MS, McKevith, B
et al. (2015) Whole grain intake and its association with intakes of other foods, nutrients and markers of health in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey rolling programme 2008–11. Br J Nutr
Slavin, J (2010) Whole grains and digestive health. Cereal Chem
Lattimer, JM & Haub, MD (2010) Effects of dietary fiber and its components on metabolic health. Nutrients
Tiwari, U & Cummins, E (2011) Meta-analysis of the effect of β-glucan intake on blood cholesterol and glucose levels. Nutrition
Jonnalagadda, SS, Harnack, L, Liu, RH
et al. (2011) Putting the whole grain puzzle together: health benefits associated with whole grains–summary of American Society for Nutrition 2010 Satellite Symposium. J Nutr
Wu, Y, Qian, Y, Pan, Y
et al. (2015) Association between dietary fiber intake and risk of coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Clin Nutr
Whincup, P & Donin, A (2015) Cereal fibre and type 2 diabetes: time now for randomised controlled trials?
Andersson, AAM, Dimberg, L, Åman, P
et al. (2014) Recent findings on certain bioactive components in whole grain wheat and rye. J Cereal Sci
Borneo, R & Leon, AE (2012) Whole grain cereals: functional components and health benefits. Food Funct
Kris-Etherton, PM, Hecker, KD, Bonanome, A
et al. (2002) Bioactive compounds in foods: their role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Am J Med
Slavin, J (2003) Why whole grains are protective: biological mechanisms. Proc Nutr Soc
Fardet, A (2010) New hypotheses for the health-protective mechanisms of whole-grain cereals: what is beyond fibre?
Nutr Res Rev
Zhou, AL, Hergert, N, Rompato, G
et al. (2015) Whole grain oats improve insulin sensitivity and plasma cholesterol profile and modify gut microbiota composition in C57BL/6J mice. J Nutr
Zhong, Y, Nyman, M & Fåk, F (2015) Modulation of gut microbiota in rats fed high-fat diets by processing whole-grain barley to barley malt. Mol Nutr Food Res
Rose, DJ (2014) Impact of whole grains on the gut microbiota: the next frontier for oats?
Br J Nutr
Walter, J, Martínez, I & Rose, DJ (2013) Holobiont nutrition: considering the role of the gastrointestinal microbiota in the health benefits of whole grains. Gut Microbes
Seal, CJ, Nugent, AP, Tee, ES
et al. (2016) Whole-grain dietary recommendations: the need for a unified global approach. Br J Nutr
Galea, LM, Dalton, SMC, Beck, EJ
et al. (2016) Update of a database for estimation of whole grain content of foods in Australia. J Food Compost Anal
Jones, AR, Mann, KD, Kuznesof, SA
et al. (2017) The whole grain content of foods consumed in the UK. Food Chem
Sette, S, D'Addezio, L, Piccinelli, R
et al. (2015) Intakes of whole grain in an Italian sample of children, adolescents and adults. Eur J Nutr (Epublication ahead of print version).
Bellisle, F, Hebel, P, Colin, J
et al. (2014) Consumption of whole grains in French children, adolescents and adults. Br J Nutr
Mejborn, H, Ygil, KH, Fagt, S
et al. (2014) Danskernes fuldkornsindtag 2011–2013. E-artikel fra DTU Fødevareinstitutet
Thane, CW, Jones, AR, Stephen, AM
et al. (2005) Whole-grain intake of British young people aged 4–18 years. Br J Nutr
Thane, CW, Jones, AR, Stephen, AM
et al. (2007) Comparative whole-grain intake of British adults in 1986–7 and 2000–1. Br J Nutr
Mann, KD, Pearce, MS, McKevith, B
et al. (2015) Low whole grain intake in the UK: results from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey rolling programme 2008–11. Br J Nutr
Jones, NRV, Conklin, AI, Suhrcke, M
et al. (2014) The growing price gap between more and less healthy foods: analysis of a novel longitudinal UK dataset. PLoS ONE
Ross, AB, Kristensen, M, Seal, CJ
et al. (2015) Recommendations for reporting whole-grain intake in observational and intervention studies. Am J Clin Nutr
EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products and Nutrition Allergies (2010) Scientific opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to whole grain (ID 831, 832, 833, 1126, 1268, 1269, 1270, 1271, 1431) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. Available at: www.efsa.europa.eu/efsajournal.htm.
Ross, A, van Der Kamp, JW, King, R
et al. (2016) A definition for whole-grain food – recommendations from the Healthgrain Forum (In the Press).
Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) (2015) Carbohydrates and Health. London: The Stationery Office.
Health Promotion Board Singapore (2010) Report of the National Nutritional Survey 2010. Research and Strategic Planning Division.
Burns, AM, Devlin, NFC, McNulty, BA
et al. (2013) Dietary intake of whole grain in Irish adults. Proc Nutr Soc
Kyro, C, Skeie, G, Dragsted, LO
et al. (2012) Intake of whole grain in Scandinavia: intake, sources and compliance with new national recommendations. Scand J Public Health
Food Standards Agency (2002) Food Portion Sizes. London: Stationery Office.