Berger, A, German, JB, Chiang, BL, Ansari, AA, Keen, CL, Fletcher, MP & Gershwin, MR (1993) Influence of feeding unsaturated fats on growth and immune status of mice. Journal of Nutrition 123, 225–233.
Besler, HT & Grimble, RF (1995) Comparison of the modulatory influence of maize and olive oils and butter on metabolic responses to endotoxin in rats. Clinical Science 88, 59–66.
Chapman, PT & Haskard, DO (1995) Leukocyte adhesion molecules. British Medical Bulletin 51, 296–311.
Cleland, LG, French, JK, Betts, WH, Murphy, GA & Elliot, MJ (1988) Clinical and biochemical effects of dietary fish oil supplements in rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Rheumatology 15, 1471–1475.
Cronstein, BN (1994) Adhesion molecules in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Current Opinions in Rheumatology 6, 300–304.
De Caterina, R, Cybulsky, MI, Clinton, SK, Gimbrone, MA Jr & Libby, P (1994) The omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoate reduces cytokine-induced expression of proatherogenic and proinflammatory proteins in human endothelial cells. Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis 14, 1829–1836.
Dehmer, GJ, Popma, JJ, van den Berg, EK, Eichhorn, EJ, Prewitt, JB, Campbell, WB, Jennings, L, Willerson, JT & Schmitz, JM (1988) Reduction in the rate of early restenosis after coronary angioplasty by a diet supplemented with n-3 fatty acids. New England Journal of Medicine 319, 733–740.
Ferro-Luzzi, A & Branca, F (1995) The Mediterranean diet, Italian style: prototype of a healthy diet. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61, Suppl., 1338S–1345S.
Gunstone, FD, Harwood, JL & Padley, FB (1994) The Lipid Handbook, 2nd ed., pp. 79–82. London: Chapman & Hall.
Gurr, MI (1983) The role of lipids in the regulation of the immune system. Progress in Lipid Research 22, 257–287.
Herberman, RB (1988) Inflammation: Basic Principles and Clinical Correlates, pp. 613–630 [Gallin, JI, Goldstein, IM and Snyderman, R, editors]. New York: Raven Press.
Jeffery, NM, Cortina, M, Newsholme, EA & Calder, PC (1997) Effects of variations in the proportions of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids in the rat diet on spleen lymphocyte functions. British Journal of Nutrition 77, 805–823.
Jeffery, NM, Yaqoob, P, Newsholme, EA & Calder, PC (1996) The effects of olive oil upon rat serum lipid levels and lymphocyte functions appear to be due to oleic acid. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 40, 71–80.
Keys, A (1970) Coronary heart disease in seven countries. Circulation 41, 1–211.
Kremer, JM, Lawrence, DA, Jubiz, W, DiGiacomo, R, Rynes, R, Bartholomew, LE & Sherman, M (1990) Dietary fish oil and olive oil supplementation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis and Rheumatism 33, 810–820.
Languino, LR, Duperray, A, Joganic, KJ, Fornaro, M, Thornton, GB & Altieri, DC (1995) Regulation of leukocyte-endothelium interaction and leukocyte transendothelial migration by intercellularadhesion molecule 1-fibrinogen recognition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 92, 1505–1509.
Linos, A, Kaklamanis, E, Kontomerkos, A, Koumantaki, Y, Gazi, S, Vaiopoulos, G, Tsokos, GC & Kaklamanis, PH (1991) The effect of olive oil and fish consumption on rheumatoid arthritis - a case ontrol study. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 20, 419–426.
Mata, P, Alonso, R, Lopez-Farre, A, Ordovas, JM, Lahoz, C, Garces, C, Caramelo, C, Codoceo, R, Blazquez, E & de Oya, M (1996) Effect of dietary fat saturation on LDL oxidation and monocyte adhesion to human endothelial cells in vitro. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 16, 1347–1355.
Mata, P, Alvarez-Silva, LA, Rubio, MJ, Nuno, J & De Oya, M (1992) Effects of long-term monounsaturated vs polyunsaturated-enriched diets on lipoproteins in healthy men and women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 55, 846–850.
Mensink, RP & Katan, MB (1987) Effect of monounsaturated fatty acids versus complex carbohydrates on high-density lipoproteins in healthy men and women. Lancet i, 122–124.
Milner, MR (1989) Fish oil for preventing coronary restenosis. Lancet i, 693.
Mulrooney, HM & Grimble, RF (1993) Influence of butter and of corn, coconut and fish oils on the effects of recombinant human tumour necrosis factor-α in rats. Clinical Science 84, 105–112.
Munro, JM (1993) Endothelial-leukocyte adhesive interactions in inflammatory diseases. European Heart Journal 14, Suppl. K, 72–77.
Nestle, M (1995) Mediterranean diets: historical and research overview. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61, Suppl., 1313S–1320S.
Poston, RN, Haskard, DO, Coucher, JR, Gall, NP & Johnson-Tidy, RR (1992) Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule- 1 in atherosclerotic plaques. American Journal of Pathology 140, 665–673.
Sanderson, P, Yaqoob, P & Calder, PC (1995 a) Effects of dietary lipid manipulation upon rat spleen lymphocyte functions and the expression of lymphocyte surface molecules. Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine 5, 119–132.
Sanderson, P, Yaqoob, P & Calder, PC (1995 b) Effects of dietary lipid manipulation upon graft vs host and host vs graft responses in the rat. Cellular Immunology 164, 240–247.
Virella, G, Fourspring, K, Hyman, B, Haskill-Stroud, R, Long, L, Virella, I, La Via, M, Gross, AJ & Lopes-Virella, M (1991) Immunosuppressive effects of fish oil in normal human volunteers: correlation with the in vitro effects of eicosapentaenoic acid on human lymphocytes. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 61, 161–176.
Yaqoob, P & Calder, PC (1993) The effects of fatty acids on lymphocyte functions. International Journal of Biochemistry 25, 1705–1714.
Yaqoob, P, Knapper, JA, Webb, DH, Williams, CM, Newsholme, EA & Calder, PC (1998) The effect of olive oil consumption on immune functions in middle-aged men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 67, 129–135.
Yaqoob, P, Newsholme, EA & Calder, PC (1994 a) The effect of dietary lipid manipulation on rat lymphocyte subsets and proliferation. Immunology 82, 603–610.
Yaqoob, P, Newsholme, EA & Calder, PC (1994 b) Inhibition of natural killer cell activity by dietary lipids. Immunology Letters 41, 241–247.
Yaqoob, P, Newsholme, EA & Calder, PC (1995 a) The effect of fatty acids on leukocytes subsets and proliferation in whole blood. Nutrition Research 15, 279–287.
Yaqoob, P, Newsholme, EA & Calder, PC (1995 b) Influence of cell culture conditions on diet-induced changes in lymphocyte fatty acid composition. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1255, 333–340.