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Sequencing of wild crop relatives to support the conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources

  • Robert J. Henry (a1)


The re-sequencing of the genomes of wild crop relatives is a rapid method to determine the likely utility of the germplasm in crop improvement. The conservation of genetic resources both in situ and ex situ can be guided by information on the novelty of specific populations at the whole-genome and specific allele levels. The analysis of Australian wild relatives of rice, coffee, Macadamia and Eucalypts is being used to support crop improvement and enhance food and energy security. Rice populations that are novel sources of diversity in the A genome of rice have been characterized at the whole-genome level. This has demonstrated the novelty of these species and will support taxonomic revisions of the Oryza species. Variation in the genomes of plants from diverse environments defines strategies that might be employed to develop climate-resilient crop varieties. Eucalypt sequencing aims to support the selection of species and genotypes for use as new energy crops.


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Edwards, D, Henry, RJ and Edwards, KJ (2012) Advances in DNA sequencing accelerating plant biotechnology. Plant Biotechnology Journal 10: 621622.
Fitzgerald, TL, Shapter, FM, McDonald, S, Waters, DLE, Chivers, IH, Drenth, A, Nevo, E and Henry, RJ (2011) Genome diversity in wild grasses under environmental stress. Proceeding of the National Academy of Science USA 108: 2113921144.
Gopala Krishnan, S, Waters, DLE, Katiyar, SK, Sadananda, AR, Satyadev, V and Henry, R (2012) Genome-wide DNA polymorphisms in elite indica rice inbreds discovered by whole-genome sequencing. Plant Biotechnology Journal 10: 623634.
Henry, RJ (2012a) Advances in DNA sequencing enabling more rapid development of improved biomass and biofuel conversion technologies. Biofuels 3: 507509.
Henry, RJ (2012b) Next generation sequencing for understanding and accelerating crop domestication. Briefings in Functional Genomics 11: 5156.
Henry, RJ, Edwards, M, Waters, DLE, Krishnan, SG, Bundock, P, Sexton, TR, Masouleh, AK, Nock, CJ and Pattemore, J (2012) Application of large scale sequencing to marker discovery in plants. Journal of Bioscience 37: 829841.
Koepke, T, Schaeffer, S, Harper, A, Dicenta, F, Henry, RJ, Moller, BL, Sanchez-Perez, R and Dhingra, A (2013) Comparative genomics analysis in prunoideae to identify biologically relevant polymorphisms. Plant Biotechnology Journal 11, 883893.
Lupoi, JS, Singh, S, Simmons, B and Henry, R (2013) Assessment of lignocellulosic biomass using analytical spectroscopy: an evolution to high throughput techniques. Bioenergy Research. doi:10.1007/s12155-013-9352-1.
Nock, C, Waters, DLE, Edwards, MA, Bowen, S, Rice, N, Cordeiro, GM and Henry, RJ (2011) Chloroplast genome sequence from total DNA for plant identification. Plant Biotechnology Journal 9: 328333.
Persil-Cetinkol, O, Smith-Moritz, AM, Cheng, G, Lao, J, George, A, Hong, K, Henry, R, Simmons, B, Heazlewood, JL and Holmes, BM (2012) Structural and chemical characterization of hardwood from tree species with applications as bioenergy feedstocks. PLoS ONE 7: e52820.
Shapter, FM, Fitzgerald, TL, Waters, DLE, McDonald, S, Chivers, IH and Henry, RJ (2012) Analysis of adaptive ribosomal gene diversity in wild plant populations from contrasting climatic environments. Plant Signaling and Behavior 7: 13.
Shepherd, M, Bartle, J, Lee, DJ, Brawner, J, Bush, D, Turnbull, P, Macdonell, P, Brown, TR, Simmons, B and Henry, R (2011) Eucalypts as a biofuel feedstock. Biofuels 2: 639657.
Waters, DLE, Nock, CJ, Ishikawa, R, Rice, N and Henry, RJ (2012) Chloroplast genome sequence confirms distinctness of Australian and Asian wild rice. Ecology and Evolution 2: 211217.



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