Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Phenotypic characterization of indigenous rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm collected from the state of Nagaland, India

  • Somnath Roy (a1), R. S. Rathi (a1), A. K. Misra (a1), B. P. Bhatt (a2) and D. C. Bhandari (a3)...

Abstract

Nagaland is one of the eight states in the north-eastern region of India, where a considerable diversity exists in cultivated rice. Recent exploration in this tribal-dominated state has resulted in a collection of 130 rice accessions growing under diverse agroecological conditions. The agromorphological characterization data of 124 rice landraces revealed a significant variability in plant architecture and grain morphological and quality traits. Multivariate analyses including principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis were performed to assess the patterns of morphological variation. The PCA extracted 12 components, which explained 75.4% of the total variation for 38 quantitative and qualitative traits. The cluster analysis grouped 124 rice landraces into five clusters, and the number of landraces in each cluster ranged from 1 to 59. The correlations among the traits are discussed, which will be useful in considering traits for genetic improvement in grain yield and quality. The landraces have been conserved in the national genebank for further utilization.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. E-mail: sroypbr@gmail.com

References

Hide All
Bhuyan, N, Bora, BK and Sarma, RN (2007) Genetic diversity analysis in traditional lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) of Assam using RAPD and ISSR markers. Current Science 93: 967972.
Brush, SB (1995) In situ conservation of landraces in centers of crop diversity. Crop Science 35: 346354.
Chandraratna, MF (1964) Genetics and Breeding of Rice. London: Longman, p. 389.
Chaturvedi, HP and Mourya, DM (2005) Genetic divergence analysis in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Advances in Plant Sciences 18: 349353.
Choudhury, B, Khan, ML and Dayanandan, S (2013) Genetic structure and diversity of indigenous rice (Oryza sativa) varieties in the Eastern Himalayan region of Northeast India. SpringerPlus 2: 228.
Cruz, DN and Khush, GS (2000) Rice grain quality evaluation procedures. In: Singh, RK, Singh, US and Khush, GS (eds.) Aromatic rices. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., pp. 1528.
FAO (2010) Second Report on the World's Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. Available at ftp://fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/017/ak528e.pdf.
Fukuoka, S, Suu, T, Ebana, K, Trinh, L, Nagamine, T and Okuno, K (2006) Diversity in phenotypic profiles in landrace populations of Vietnamese rice: a case study of agronomic characters for conserving crop genetic diversity on farm. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53: 753761.
Gahalain, SS (2006) Genetic divergence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes grown in Kamaun Himalaya. Indian Journal of Genetics 66: 3738.
Government of Nagaland, (2007) Rice Resource Book of Nagaland. Kohima, Nagaland: Directorate of Agriculture, Government of Nagaland.
Hien, NL, Sarhadi, WA, Hirata, Y and Oikawa, Y (2007) Genetic diversity of morphological responses and the relationships among Asia aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars. Tropics 16: 343355.
Hore, DK (2005) Rice diversity collection, conservation and management in northeastern India. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 52: 11291140.
Hore, DK and Sharma, BD (1993) Crop germplasm resources collection from Nagaland State, India. Indian Journal of Forestry 16: 372377.
IRRI(1996) Standard Evaluation System for Rice. Los Banos: IRRI.
Mathure, S, Shaikh, A, Renuka, N, Wakte, K, Jawali, N, Thengane, R and Nadaf, A (2011) Characterisation of aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm and correlation between their agronomic and quality traits. Euphytica 179: 237246.
McKenzie, KS and Rutger, JN (1983) Genetic analysis of amylase content, alkali spreading score, and grain dimensions in rice. Crop Science 23: 306319.
Mishra, LK, Sarawgi, AK and Mishra, RK (2003) Genetic diversity for morphological and quality traits in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Advances in Plant Sciences 16: 287293.
Nagaraju, M, Mohanty, KK, Chaudhary, D and Gangadharan, CA (1991) Simple technique to detect scent in rice. Oryza 28: 109110.
Naik, D, Sao, A, Sarawgi, AK and Singh, P (2006) Genetic divergence studies in some indigenous scented rice (Oryza sativa L.) accessions of Central India. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 5: 197200.
Ram, SG, Venkatesan, T and Vinod, KK (2007) Genetic diversity among cultivars, landraces and wild relatives of rice as revealed by microsatellite markers. Journal of Applied Genetics 48: 337345.
Rana, RB, Garforth, C, Sthapit, B and Jarvis, D (2007) Influence of socio-economic and cultural factors in rice varietal diversity management on-farm in Nepal. Agriculture and Human Values 24: 461472.
Rathi, S and Sarma, RN (2012) Microsatellite diversity in indigenous glutinous rice landraces of Assam. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 11: 2329.
Ratho, SN (1984) Genetic divergence in scented varieties of rice. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 54: 699701.
Roy, S, Banerjee, A and Senapati, BK (2009) Evaluation of some aromatic rice germplasm in new alluvial soil of West Bengal. Environment and Ecology 27: 12401242.
Roy, S, Banerjee, A, Senapati, BK and Sarkar, G (2012) Comparative analysis of agro-morphology, grain quality and aroma traits of traditional and Basmati-type genotypes of rice, Oryza sativa L. Plant Breeding 131: 486492.
Roy, S, Verma, SK, Hore, DK, Misra, AK, Rathi, RS and Singh, SK (2011) Agro-morphological diversity in turmeric (Curcuma longa) accessions collected from north-eastern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 81: 898902.
Sanni, KA, Fawole, I, Ogunbayo, A, Tia, D, Somado, EA, Futakuchi, K, Sié, M, Nwilene, FE and Guei, RG (2012) Multivariate analysis of diversity of landrace rice germplasm. Crop Science 52: 494504.
Sarawgi, AK and Bhisne, R (2007) Studies on genetic divergence of aromatic rice germplasm for agro-morphological and quality characters. Oryza 44: 7476.
Sharma, RC, Chaudhary, NK, Ojha, B, Yadav, L, Pandey, MP and Shrestha, SM (2007) Variation in rice landraces adapted to the lowlands and hills in Nepal. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization 5: 120127.
SPSS, Inc.(2007) SPSS Base 16.0 for Windows User's Guide. Chicago, IL: SPSS, Inc.
Sukla, S, Bhargava, A, Chatterjee, A, Pandey, AC and Mishra, BK (2010) Diversity in phenotypic and nutritional traits in vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor), a nutritionally underutilized crop. Journal of Science Food and Agriculture 90: 139144.
Thomson, MJ, Polato, NR, Prasetiyono, J, Trijatmiko, KR, Silitonga, TS and McCouch, SR (2009) Genetic diversity of isolated populations of Indonesian landraces of rice (Oryza sativa L.) collected in East Kalimantan on the Island of Borneo. Rice 2: 8092.
Tripathi, MP, Sthapit, BR, Subedi, LP, Sah, SK and Gyawali, S (2013) Agro-morphological variation in ‘‘Jhinuwa’’ rice landraces (Oryza sativa L.) of Nepal. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution DOI 10.1007/s10722-013-9992-1.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Roy Supplementary Material
Table

 Word (220 KB)
220 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed