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Screening and comprehensive evaluation of rice (Oryza sativa L. subsp. japonica Kato) germplasm resources for nitrogen efficiency in Xinjiang, China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2020


Chunping Jia
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Urumqi830091, Xinjiang, China
Fengbin Wang
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Food Crops, Urumqi830091, Xinjiang, China
Jie Yuan
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Urumqi830091, Xinjiang, China
Yanhong Zhang
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Urumqi830091, Xinjiang, China
Zhiqiang Zhao
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Urumqi830091, Xinjiang, China
Buhaliqiemu Abulizi
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Urumqi830091, Xinjiang, China
Xiaorong Wen
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Rice Experiment Station in Wensu, Wensu843100, Xinjiang, China
Mintai Kang
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Rice Experiment Station in Wensu, Wensu843100, Xinjiang, China
Fusen Tang
Affiliation:
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Rice Experiment Station in Wensu, Wensu843100, Xinjiang, China
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Comprehensive screening of rice (Oryza sativa L. subsp. japonica Kato) germplasm resources with different nitrogen (N) efficiency levels is effective for improving N use efficiency (NUE) while reducing pollution and providing high quality, yield, and efficiency agriculture. We investigated 14 indices of 38 varieties under three N application levels to assess differences among genotypes. Rice varieties were classified for screening and identifying N efficient. Descriptive statistical analysis results indicated significant differences in relative yield, and also in NUE indices (agronomic utilization rate and partial productivity of N fertilizer). The genotype main effects and genotype–environment interaction effects (GGE) biplot analysis was used to evaluate suitable varieties, compare the stable and high yield capabilities of different varieties, find the ideal variety, and describe the correlation, discrimination and representativeness of the indices under different N application levels. Descriptive statistical, discrimitiveness and representativeness and factor analysis were used to select indices, in which the panicle number per plant and soil and plant analyzer development (SPAD) value were the key indices for evaluation and identification. Heatmap and hierarchical cluster analysis based on the average value of evaluation indices, and scatter plot based on the comprehensive value of N efficiency (P) according to formula showed that all varieties could be divided into five types under different N treatments. Our findings work toward developing N efficient rice varieties to improve NUE, reduce N fertilizer application and thus N waste, consequently mitigating the effects of rice production on the environment to ensure food security and sustainable agricultural development.


Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © NIAB 2020

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Screening and comprehensive evaluation of rice (Oryza sativa L. subsp. japonica Kato) germplasm resources for nitrogen efficiency in Xinjiang, China
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