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Evaluation of diverse germplasm of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] against bruchid [Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.)] and correlation with physical and biochemical parameters of seed

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 July 2020

Kuldeep Tripathi
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, India
T. V. Prasad
Affiliation:
ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Hyderabad, India
R. Bhardwaj
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, India
S. K. Jha
Affiliation:
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India
D. P. Semwal
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, India
P. G. Gore
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, India
P. K. Sharma
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, India
S. Bhalla
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, India
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The current study was undertaken to identify the sources of tolerance to bruchid in cowpea, by screening a set of germplasm accessions as a source for natural resistance. A total of 103 diverse accessions of cowpea were evaluated for resistance to Callosobruchus maculatus Fab. under no-choice artificial infestation conditions. Significant differences among the cowpea accessions were observed for oviposition, adult emergence, exit holes and per cent seed weight loss (PSWL) caused by the bruchid infestation. The accessions showed variation in physical seed parameters viz., colour, shape, testa texture, length, width and seed hardness. Among the seed biochemical parameters studied, per cent sugar content ranged from 0.322 (IC330950) to 1.493 (IC249137), and per cent phenol content ranged from 0.0326 (EC390261) to 1.081 (EC528423). Correlation studies indicated that PSWL had significant positive correlation (r = 0.335) with exit holes, oviposition (r = 0.219), adult emergence (r = 0.534) and seed roundness (r = 0.219). Adult emergence had a significant negative correlation with seed hardness (r = −0.332). Correlation with biochemical parameters indicated that PSWL had a significant positive correlation (r = 0.231) with sugar content and a significant negative correlation with phenol content (r = −0.219). None of the accessions were found to be immune to bruchid infestation. However, out of studied accessions, EC528425 and EC528387 were identified as resistant based on PSWL and moderately resistant based on adult emergence. These resistance sources of cowpea germplasm can be used as potential donors for development of bruchid tolerant/resistant cultivars.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of NIAB

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Evaluation of diverse germplasm of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] against bruchid [Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.)] and correlation with physical and biochemical parameters of seed
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