American Political Science Association, Task Force on Inequality, and Democracy, American. 2004. American Democracy in an Age of Rising Inequality. Perspectives on Politics 2 (4): 651–66.
Ansolabehere, Stephen, de Figueiredo, John M., and Snyder, James M.. 2003. Why is there so little money in US politics? Journal of Economic Perspectives 17 (1): 105–30.
Aristotle. 1996. The Politics and The Constitution of Athens, ed. Everson, Stephen, Jowett, trans. Benjamin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bachrach, Peter, and Baratz, Morton. 1962. “The Two Faces of Power.” American Political Science Review 56 (4): 947–52.
Bagdikian, Ben H. 2004. The New Media Monopoly. Boston: Beacon.
Bartels, Larry M. 2005.
Bartels, Larry M. 2008. Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bennett, W. Lance. 1990. Toward a theory of press-state relations in the United States. Journal of Communication 40 (2): 103–25.
Bennett, W. Lance, Lawrence, Regina C., and Livingston, Steven. 2007. When the Press Fails: Political Power and the News Media from Iraq to Katrina. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Berkowitz, Edward, and McQuaid, Kim. 1988. Creating the Welfare State: The Political Economy of Twentieth-Century Reform. New York: Praeger.
Berry, Jeffrey M., and Wilcox, Clyde. 2007. The Interest Group Society. 4th ed. New York: Longman.
Block, Fred. 1977. The Origins of International Economic Disorder. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Block, Fred. 2007. Understanding the diverging trajectories of the United States and Western Europe: A neo-Polanyian analysis. Politics and Society 35 (1): 1–31.
Bottomore, T.B. 1964. Elites and Society. New York: Penguin Books.
Brownlee, W. Elliot. 1996. Federal Taxation in America: A Short History. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Burch, Philip H. 1980–1981. Elites in American History. 3 vols. New York: Holmes & Meier.
Burch, Philip H. 1997. Reagan, Bush, and Right-wing Politics: Elites, Think Tanks, Power, and Policy. 2 vols. Greenwich, CT: Jai Press.
Cammack, Paul. 1990. A critical assessment of the new elite paradigm. American Sociological Review 55 (3): 415–20.
Connolly, William E. 1969. The Bias of Pluralism. New York: Atherton Press.
Continetti, Matthew. 2006. The K Street Gang. New York: Doubleday.
Dahl, Robert A. 1958. A critique of the ruling elite model. American Political Science Review 52 (2): 463–69.
Dahl, Robert A. 1967. Pluralist Democracy in the United States: Conflict and Consent. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Dahl, Robert A. 2003. How Democratic Is the American Constitution? 2d ed. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Dew-Becker, Ian, and Gordon, Robert J.. 2005. Where did the productivity growth go? Inflation dynamics and the redistribution of income. In Brookings Papers on Economic Activity No. 2: 67–127.
Domhoff, G. William. 1990. The Power Elite and the State. New York: Aldine.
Domhoff, G. William. 2002. The power elite, public policy, and public opinion. In Navigating Public Opinion: Polls, Policy, and the Future of American Democracy, ed. Manza, Jeff, Cook, Fay Lomax and Page, Benjamin I.. New York: Oxford University Press.
Domhoff, G. William. 2006. Who Rules America? Power, Politics, and Social Change. 5th ed. New York: McGraw Hill.
Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper & Row.
Drew, Elizabeth. 1999. The Corruption of American Politics: What Went Wrong and Why. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publishing.
Dye, Thomas R. 2002. Who's Running America? The Bush Restoration. 7th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Entman, Robert. 2004. Projections of Power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Erikson, Robert S., MacKuen, Michael B., and Stimson, James A.. 2002. The Macro Polity. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Faccio, Mara. 2006. Politically connected firms. American Economic Review 96 (1): 369–86.
Femia, Joseph V. 2006. Pareto and Political Theory. New York, NY: Routledge.
Ferguson, Thomas. 1995. Golden Rule: The Investment Theory of Party Competition and the Logic of Money-Driven Political Systems. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ferguson, Thomas, and Johnson, Robert. 2009a. Too big to bail: the “Paulson put,” presidential politics, and the global financial meltdown. Part I: From shadow financial system to shadow bailout. International Journal of Political Economy 38 (1): 3–34.
Ferguson, Thomas, and Johnson, Robert. 2009b. Too big to bail: the “Paulson put,” presidential politics, and the global financial meltdown. Part II: Fatal reversal—single payer and back. International Journal of Political Economy 38 (2): 5–45.
Ferguson, Thomas, and Rogers, Joel. 1986. Right Turn: The Decline of the Democrats and the Future of American Politics. New York: Hill and Wang.
Ferguson, Thomas, and Voth, Hans-Joachim. 2008. Betting on Hitler: The value of political connections in Nazi Germany. Quarterly Journal of Economics 123 (1): 101–137.
Fisman, Raymond. 2001. Estimating the value of political connections. American Economic Review 91 (4): 1095–102.
Gans, Herbert J. 1979. Deciding What's News. New York: Random House.
Gilens, Martin. 2005. Inequality and democratic responsiveness. Public Opinion Quarterly 69 (5): 778–96.
Goldfield, Michael. 1987. The Decline of Organized Labor in the United States. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Graetz, Michael J., and Shapiro, Ian. 2005. Death by a Thousand Cuts: The Fight over Taxing Inherited Wealth. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Greider, William. 1987. Secrets of the Temple: How the Federal Reserve Runs the Country. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Hallin, Daniel C. 1986. The “Uncensored War”: The Media and Vietnam. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hamilton, Alexander, Madison, James, and Jay, John. 1961 [.] The Federalist Papers. Ed. Rossiter, Clinton. New York: New American Library.
Head, Simon. 2007. “They're Micromanaging Your Every Move.” New York Review of Books 54 (13) August, 42–44.
Higley, John, and Burton, Michael. 2006. Elite Foundations of Liberal Democracy. Boulder, CO: Rowman and Littlefield.
Hochschild, Jennifer. 1981. What's Fair? Americans' Attitudes Toward Distributive Justice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Hotelling, Harold. 1929. Stability in competition. The Economic Journal 39: 41–57.
Isaac, Jeffrey C. 1987. Beyond the three faces of power: A realist critique. Polity 20 (1): 4–31.
Iyengar, Shanto, and Kinder, Donald R.. 1987. News That Matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Page, Benjamin I.. 2005. Who influences US foreign policy? American Political Science Review 99 (1): 107–23.
Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Shapiro, Robert Y.. 2000. Politicians Don't Pander: Political Manipulation and the Loss of Democratic Responsiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Skocpol, Theda, eds. 2005. Inequality and American Democracy: What We Know and What We Need to Learn. New York: Russell Sage.
Jacobson, Gary C. 1978. The effects of campaign spending in Congressional elections. American Political Science Review 72 (2): 469–91.
Jayachandran, Seema. 2006. The Jeffords effect. Journal of Law and Economics 49 (2): 397–425.
Johnston, David Cay. 2003. Perfectly Legal: The Covert Campaign to Rig Our Tax System to Benefit the Super Rich—and Cheat Everybody Else. New York: Portfolio Publishing.
Johnston, David Cay. 2007.
Katz, Lawrence, and Autor, David. 1999. Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality. In Handbook of Labor Economics, ed. Ashenfelter, Orley and Card, David. New York: Elsevier/North Holland.
Kopczuk, Wojciech, and Saez, Emmanuel. 2004a. Top wealth shares in the United States, 1916–2000: Evidence from estate tax returns. National Tax Journal 57 (2, ): 445–87.
Kopczuk, Wojciech, and Saez, Emmanuel. 2004b.
Korpi, Walter. 1985. Power resources approach vs. action and conflict: On causal and intentional explanations in the study of power. Sociological Theory 3 (2): 31–45.
Kull, Steven, Ramsay, Clay, and Lewis, Evan. 2003–2004. Misperceptions, the media, and the Iraq War. Political Science Quarterly 118 (4): 569–98.
Ladd, Everett Carll, and Bowman, Karlyn H.. 1998. Attitudes Toward Economic Inequality. Washington, DC: AEI Press.
Leach, Darcy K. 2005. The iron law of what again? Conceptualizing oligarchy across organizational forms. Sociological Theory 23 (3): 312–37.
Lindblom, Charles E. 1977. Politics and Markets: The World's Political-Economic Systems. New York: Basic.
Lindblom, Charles E. 1982. The market as prison. Journal of Politics 44 (2): 324–32.
Lindblom, Charles E., and Woodhouse, Edward J.. 1993. The Policy-Making Process. 3d ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Lukes, Steven. 1974. Power: A Radical View. London: Macmillan.
Luo, Michael, and Drew, Christopher. 2008.
McChesney, Fred S. 1997. Money for Nothing: Politicians, Rent Extraction, and Political Extortion. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
McCloskey, Robert G. 1960. The American Supreme Court. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McConnell, Grant. 1966. Private Power and American Democracy. New York: Knopf.
McEachern, William A. 1975. Managerial Control and Performance. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.
Michels, Robert. 1999 . Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy. New ed. New York, NY: Transaction Publishers.
Mills, C. Wright. 1999 . The Power Elite. 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mishel, Lawrence, Bernstein, Jared, and Allegretto, Sylvia. 2006. The State of Working America 2006 2007. Ithaca, NY: Economic Policy Institute and Cornell University Press.
Mosca, Gaetano. 1939. The Ruling Class. Ed. and rev. Livingston, Arthur; trans. Kahn, Hannah D.. New York and London: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
Olson, Mancur Jr. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Overton, Spencer A. 2002. But some are more equal: Race, exclusion, and campaign finance. Texas Law Review 80 (5): 987–1056.
Overton, Spencer A. 2004. The donor class: Campaign finance, democracy, and participation. University of Pennsylvania Law Review 153: 73–118. Accessed on February 5, 2007 ⟨http://ssrn.com/abstract=569021⟩.
Page, Benjamin I. 1983. Who Gets What from Government. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Page, Benjamin I., Bouton, with Marshall M.. 2006. The Foreign Policy Disconnect: What Americans Want from Our Leaders but Don't Get. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Page, Benjamin I., and Jacobs, Lawrence R.. 2009. Class War? What Americans Really Think about Economic Inequality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Page, Benjamin I., and Shapiro, Robert Y.. 1983. Effects of public opinion on policy. American Political Science Review 77 (1): 175–98.
Page, Benjamin I., and Shapiro, Robert Y.. 1992. The Rational Public: Fifty Years of Trends in Americans' Policy Preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Page, Benjamin I., Shapiro, Robert Y., and Dempsey, Glenn R.. 1987. What moves public opinion? American Political Science Review 81 (1): 23–43.
Pareto, Vilfredo. 1935. The Mind and Society [Trattato di Sociologia generale, 1916] Edited by Arthur Livingston and translated by Andrew Bongiorno, Arthur Livingston, and James Harvey Rogers. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
Pareto, Vilfredo. 1991 . The Rise and Fall of Elites: An Application of Theoretical Sociology. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Payne, James L. 1968. The oligarchy muddle. World Politics 20 (3): 439–53.
Pechman, Joseph A., and Okner, Benjamin A.. 1974. Who Bears the Tax Burden? Washington, DC: Brookings.
Peschek, Joseph G. 1987. Policy-Planning Organizations: Elite Agendas and America's Rightward Turn. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Pfeffer, Jeffrey, and Salancik, Gerald R.. 1978. The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective. New York: Harper and Row.
Piketty, Thomas, and Saez, Emmanuel. 2003. Income inequality in the United States, 1913–1998. Quarterly Journal of Economics 118 (1): 1–39.
Piven, Frances Fox, and Cloward, Richard C.. 2000. Why Americans Still Don't Vote: And Why Politicians Want it That Way. Boston: Beacon Press.
Przeworski, Adam. 1991. Democracy and the Market. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Raskin, Jamin B. 1997. Direct democracy, corporate power, and judicial review of popularly-enacted campaign finance reform. Journal of Legislation and Public Policy 1 (1): 21–40.
Raskin, Jamin B., and Bonifaz, John. 1993. Equal protection and the wealth primary. Yale Law and Policy Review 11 (4): 273–332.
Raskin, Jamin B., and Bonifaz, John. 1994. The constitutional imperative and practical superiority of democratically financed elections. Columbia Law Review 94 (4): 1160–203.
Reynolds, Morgan, and Smolensky, Eugene. 1977. Public Expenditures, Taxes, and the Distribution of Income: The United States, 1950, 1961, 1970. New York: Academic Press.
Rich, Frank. 2006. The Greatest Story Ever Sold: The Decline and Fall of Truth from 9/11 to Katrina. New York: Penguin.
Rustow, Dankwart A. 1966. The study of elites: Who's who, when, and how. World Politics 18 (4): 690–717.
Saez, Emmanuel. 2004.
Salancik, Gerald R., and Pfeffer, Jeffrey. 1980. Effects of ownership and performance on executive tenure in US corporations. Academy of Management Journal 23 (4): 653–64.
Schattschneider, E.E. 1960. The Semisovereign People: A Realist's View of Democracy in America. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Schlozman, Kay Lehman, and Burch, Traci. 2009. Political voice in an age of inequality. In America at Risk: The Great Dangers, ed. Faulkner, Robert and Shell, Susan. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Schlozman, Kay Lehman, and Tierney, John T.. 1986. Organized Interests and American Democracy. New York: Harper & Row.
Sigal, Leon. 1973. Reporters and Officials: The Organization and Politics of Newsmaking. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.
Simpson, Glenn R., and Farnam, T.W.. 2008.
Stiglitz, Joseph E., and Charlton, Andrew. 2005. Fair Trade for All: How Trade Can Promote Development. New York: Oxford University Press.
Swenson, Peter A. 2002. Capitalists Against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare States in the United States and Sweden. New York: Oxford University Press.
Truman, David B. 1971 . The Governmental Process: Political Interests and Public Opinion. 2d ed. New York: Knopf.
United States Department of Commerce, Census Bureau. 2007.
Verba, Sidney, Schlozman, Lay Lehman, and Brady, Henry E.. 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Volunteerism in American Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
West, Darrell M., and Loomis, Burdett A.. 1998. The Sound of Money: How Political Interests Get What They Want. New York: W.W. Norton.
Wolff, Edward N. 2002. Top Heavy: The Increasing Inequality of Wealth in America and What Can Be Done About It. New York: The New Press.
Wolff, Edward N. 2007.
Wolff, Edward N., and Zacharias, Ajit. 2006. An overall assessment of the distributional consequences of government spending and taxation in the US, 1989 and 2000. In The Distributional Effects of Government Spending and Taxation, ed. Papdimitrious, Dimitri. New York: Palgrave.