Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

A systematic review on modelling approaches for economic losses studies caused by parasites and their associated diseases in cattle

  • Muhammad Rashid (a1), Muhammad Imran Rashid (a2), Haroon Akbar (a2), Liaquat Ahmad (a3), Muhammad Adeel Hassan (a1), Kamran Ashraf (a2), Khalid Saeed (a2) and Mohamed Gharbi (a4)...

Abstract

Parasites reside inside or outside their hosts and get host nutrition and blood. Here, we have emphasized economic losses in cattle caused by parasitic diseases due to ecto- and endo- parasites (flies, ticks, mites and helminths). We have outlined different methods/models including economic evaluation techniques and dynamic analysis as a major class, used for the calculation of economic losses caused by parasites in cattle. According to already conducted studies, a decrease in production is mentioned in quantity and percentage while financial losses are expressed in the form of account with respect to per head, herd or for the specific study area. The parasites cause the reduced production and financial losses due to control, treatment and mortality costs. We calculated the average decrease in milk production and organ condemnation as 1.16 L animal−1 day−1 and 12.95%, respectively, from overall cattle parasitic infections. Moreover, the average calculated financial and percentage losses were US$ 50.67 animal−1 year−1 and 17.94%, respectively. Economically important parasitic diseases mentioned here are caused by specific spp. of protozoans and helminths according to data collected from the literature. Protozoan diseases include tick-borne diseases, coccidiosis, neosporosis, trypanosomiasis and cryptosporidiosis. Losses due to tick-borne infections were encountered for decreased milk production, mortality, treatment and control. Losses from coccidiosis were due to decreased weight gain, treatment costs and mortality. While abortion losses were encountered in neosporosis. Trypanosomiasis caused losses due to a decrease in milk yield. Moreover, only diagnostic (conventional or molecular techniques) cost was taken into account for cryptosporidiosis. Economically important nematode parasites are Oesophagostomum spp., Cooperia spp., Trichostrongylus spp., Strongyloides spp., Ostertagia spp. and Haemonchus placei. Due to the zoonotic importance of echinococcosis, Echinococcus granulosus is the most economically important cestode parasite. Losses caused by echinococcosis were due to organ condemnation, carcass weight loss and decreases hide value, milk production and fecundity. While, fascioliasis is one of the most economically important trematodal disease, which causes cirrhosis of the liver due to parasite migration, and thus, the organ becomes inedible. So, it would be helpful for farmers and researchers to approach these methods/models for calculation of parasitic losses and should adopt suitable measures to avoid long-term economic losses.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: M. I. Rashid, E-mail: imran.rashid@uvas.edu.pk

References

Hide All
Ali, MS, Saeed, K, Rashid, MI, Ijaz, M, Akbar, H, Rashid, M and Ashraf, K (2017) Anthelmintic drugs: their efficacy and cost-effectiveness in different parity cattle. Journal of Parasitology 104, 7985.
Abebe, R, Abunna, F, Berhane, M, Mekuria, S, Megersa, B and Regassa, A (2010) Fasciolosis: prevalence, financial losses due to liver condemnation and evaluation of a simple sedimentation diagnostic technique in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa Municipal abattoir, southern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Veterinary Journal 14, 3952.
Abunna, F, Asfaw, L, Megersa, B and Regassa, A (2010) Bovine fasciolosis: coprological, abattoir survey and its economic impact due to liver condemnation at Soddo municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production 42, 289292.
Alim, MA, Das, S, Roy, K, Masuduzzaman, M, Sikder, S, Mahmudul, M, Hassan, A and Hossain, MA (2011) Prevalence of hemoprotozoan diseases in cattle population of Chittagong division, Bangladesh. Veterinary Journal 32, 221224.
Athar, LA, Khan, MN, Sajid, MS and Khan, IA (2011) Cost benefits analysis of anthelmintic treatment of cattle and buffaloes. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 31, 149152.
Bacon, RM, Kugeler, KJ and Mead, PS (2008) Surveillance for Lyme disease–United States, 1992–2006, Department of Health & Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1–9.
Bekele, M, Tesfay, H and Getachew, Y (2010) Bovine fasciolosis: prevalence and its economic loss due to liver condemnation at Adwa Municipal Abattoir, North Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology 1, 3947.
Belem, AMG, Ouédraogo, OP and Bessin, R (2001) Gastro-intestinal nematodes and cestodes of cattle in Burkina Faso. Biotechnologie Agronomie Societe et Environnement 5, 1721.
Benner, C, Carabin, H, Sánchez-Serrano, LP, Budke, CM and Carmena, D (2010) Analysis of the economic impact of cystic echinococcosis in Spain. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 88, 4957B;
Bennett, R, Christiansen, K and Clifton-Hadley, R (1999) Preliminary estimates of the direct costs associated with endemic diseases of livestock in Great Britain. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 39, 155171.
Berhe, G, Berhane, K and Tadesse, G (2009) Prevalence and economic significance of fasciolosis in cattle in Mekelle Area of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production 41, 15031504;
Bisset, S (1994) Helminth parasites of economic importance in cattle in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 21, 922;
Budke, CM, Deplazes, P and Torgerson, PR (2006) Global socioeconomic impact of cystic echinococcosis. Emerging Infectious Disease 12, 296303.
Calvo-Artavia, F, Nielsen, LR and Alban, L (2013) Epidemiologic and economic evaluation of risk-based meat inspection for bovine cysticercosis in Danish cattle. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 108, 253261.
Cardona, GA and Carmena, D (2013) A review of the global prevalence, molecular epidemiology and economics of cystic echinococcosis in production animals. Veterinary Parasitology 192, 1032;
Cellini, SR and Kee, JE (2010) Cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis. Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation 3. Chapter 21.
Charlier, J, Höglund, J, von Samson-Himmelstjerna, G, Dorny, P and Vercruysse, J (2009) Gastrointestinal nematode infections in adult dairy cattle: impact on production, diagnosis and control. Veterinary Parasitology 164, 7079;
Charlier, J, Van der Voort, M, Hogeveen, H and Vercruysse, J (2012) Paracalc®—A novel tool to evaluate the economic importance of worm infections on the dairy farm. Veterinary Parasitology 184, 204211.
Charlier, J, Velde, FV, van der Voort, M, Van Meensel, J, Lauwers, L, Cauberghe, V, Vercruysse, J and Claerebout, E (2015) ECONOHEALTH: placing helminth infections of livestock in an economic and social context. Veterinary Parasitology 212, 6267;
Corwin, RM (1997) Economics of gastrointestinal parasitism of cattle. Veterinary Parasitology 72, 451460.
D'haese, L, Penne, K and Elyn, R (1999) Economics of theileriosis control in Zambia. Tropical Medicine & International Health 4, A49A57.
Fanke, J, Charlier, J, Steppin, T, von Samson-Himmelstjerna, G, Vercruysse, J and Demeler, J (2017) Economic assessment of Ostertagia ostertagi and Fasciola hepatica infections in dairy cattle herds in Germany using Paracalc®. Veterinary Parasitology 240, 3948;
García-Sanmartín, J, Nagore, D, García-Pérez, AL, Juste, RA and Hurtado, A (2006). Molecular diagnosis of Theileria and Babesia species infecting cattle in Northern Spain using reverse line blot macroarrays. BMC Veterinary Research 2, 16.
Getaw, A, Beyene, D, Ayana, D, Megersa, B and Abunna, F (2010) Hydatidosis: prevalence and its economic importance in ruminants slaughtered at Adama municipal abattoir, Central Oromia, Ethiopia. Acta Tropica 113, 221225.
Gharbi, M, Rekik, B, Mabrouk, M, Hassni, M, Zroud, W, Mhadhbi, M, Sassi, L, Jedidi, M and Darghouth, MA (2015) Impact of the carrier state by Theileria annulata on milk yield in Tunisian crossbred (Bos taurus) cattle. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease 5, 884887;
Ghosh, S, Azhahianambi, P and de la Fuente, J (2006) Control of ticks of ruminants, with special emphasis on livestock farming systems in India: present and future possibilities for integrated control—a review. Experimental & Applied Acarology 40, 4966;
Habarugira, G, Mbasinga, G, Mushonga, B, Chitura, T, Kandiwa, E and Ojok, L (2016) Pathological findings of condemned bovine liver specimens and associated economic loss at Nyabugogo abattoir, Kigali, Rwanda. Acta Tropica 164, 2732.
Inci, A, Ica, A, Yildirim, A, Vatansever, Z, Cakmak, A, Albasan, H, Cam, Y, Atasever, A, Sariozkan, S and Duzlu, O (2007) Economical impact of tropical theileriosis in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. Parasitology Research 101, 171174;
Itty, P (1991) Methodology of economic analysis of livestock disease control: the case of African bovine trypanosomiasis. International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics proceedings, ISVEE 6: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Ottawa, Canada, Econometric methods session, pp. 157160.
Kebede, W, Hagos, A, Girma, Z and Lobago, F (2009) Echinococcosis/hydatidosis: its prevalence, economic and public health significance in Tigray region, North Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production 41, 865871;
Keyyu, J, Kassuku, A, Msalilwa, L, Monrad, J and Kyvsgaard, NC (2006) Cross-sectional prevalence of helminth infections in cattle on traditional, small-scale and large-scale dairy farms in Iringa district, Tanzania. Veterinary Research Communications 30, 4555.
Kithuka, J, Maingi, N, Njeruh, F and Ombui, JN (2002) The prevalence and economic importance of bovine fasciolosis in Kenya–an analysis for abattoir data. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 69, 255.
Kivaria, F, Ruheta, M, Mkonyi, P and Malamsha, P (2007) Epidemiological aspects and economic impact of bovine theileriosis (East Coast fever) and its control: a preliminary assessment with special reference to Kibaha district, Tanzania. Veterinary Journal 173, 384390;
Kristensen, E, Østergaard, S, Krogh, MA and Enevoldsen, C (2008) Technical indicators of financial performance in the dairy herd. Journal of Dairy Science 91, 620631.
Kumar, R, Jain, S, Kumar, S, Sethi, K, Kumar, S and Tripathi, B (2017) Impact estimation of animal trypanosomosis (surra) on livestock productivity in India using simulation model: current and future perspective. Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports 10, 112;
Lalonde, L-G and Sukigara, T (1997) LDPS2 User's Guide, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 1–183.
Lassen, B and Østergaard, S (2012) Estimation of the economical effects of Eimeria infections in Estonian dairy herds using a stochastic model. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 106, 258265.
Marcos, LA, Yi, P, Machicado, A, Andrade, R, Samalvides, F, Sánchez, J and Terashima, A (2007). Hepatic fibrosis and Fasciola hepatica infection in cattle. Journal of Helminthology 81, 381386.
McLeod, R (1995) Costs of major parasites to the Australian livestock industries. International Journal for Parasitology 25, 13631367.
Mebrahtu, G and Beka, K (2013) Prevalence and economic significance of fasciolosis in cattle slaughtered at dire dawa municipal abattoir, Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Advances 3, 319324.
Melaku, A, Lukas, B and Bogale, B (2012) Cyst viability, organ distribution and financial losses due to hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Dessie Municipal abattoir, North-Eastern Ethiopia. Veterinary World 5, 213218.
Minjauw, B, Otte, J, James, A, De Castro, J and Sinyangwe, P (1997) Effect of different East Coast Fever control strategies on fertility, milk production and weight gain of Sanga cattle in the Central Province of Zambia. Experimental and Applied Acarology 21, 715730.
Mwabonimana, M, Kassuku, A, Ngowi, H, Mellau, L, Nonga, H and Karimuribo, E (2009) Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in slaughtered cattle at Arusha abattoir, Tanzania. Tanzania Veterinary Journal 26, 6874.
Nyangito, H, Richardson, J, Mukhebi, A, Mundy, D, Zimmel, P, Namken, J and Perry, B (1994) Whole farm economic analysis of East Coast fever immunization strategies in Kilifi District, Kenya. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 21, 215235.
Nyangito, HO, Richardson, JW, Mukhebi, AW, Mundy, DS, Zimmel, P and Namken, J (1995) Whole farm economic evaluation of East Coast fever immunization strategies on farms in the Uasin Gishu District of Kenya. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 12, 1933.
Ocaido, M, Muwazi, R and Opuda, JA (2009) Economic impact of ticks and tick-borne diseases on cattle production systems around Lake Mburo National Park in South Western Uganda. Tropical Animal Health and Production 41, 731739;
O'Doherty, E, Sayers, R, O'Grady, L and Shalloo, L (2015) Effect of exposure to Neospora caninum, Salmonella, and Leptospira interrogans serovar Hardjo on the economic performance of Irish dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Science 98, 27892800;
Ogunrinade, A and Ogunrinade, BI (1980) Economic importance of bovine fascioliasis in Nigeria. Tropical Animal Health and Production 12, 155160.
Oryan, A, Moghaddar, N and Gaur, S (1995) Taenia saginata cysticercosis in cattle with special reference to its prevalence, pathogenesis and economic implications in Fars Province of Iran. Veterinary Parasitology 57, 319327.
Ozer, B, Serin, E, Gumurdulu, Y, Gur, G, Yilmaz, U and Boyacioglu, S (2003) Endoscopic extraction of living Fasciola hepatica: case report and literature review. Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology 14, 7477.
Paul, S, Chandra, D, Tewari, A, Banerjee, P, Ray, D, Boral, R and Rao, J (2009) Comparative evaluation and economic assessment of coprological diagnostic methods and PCR for detection of Cryptosporidium spp. in bovines. Veterinary Parasitology 164, 291295;
Perera, PK, Gasser, RB, Firestone, SM, Anderson, GA, Malmo, J, Davis, G, Beggs, DS and Jabbar, A (2014) Oriental theileriosis in dairy cows causes a significant milk production loss. Parasites & Vectors 7, 73.
Perry, B and Randolph, T (1999) Improving the assessment of the economic impact of parasitic diseases and of their control in production animals. Veterinary Parasitology 84, 145168.
Phiri, A, Phiri, I and Monrad, J (2006) Prevalence of amphistomiasis and its association with Fasciola gigantica infections in Zambian cattle from communal grazing areas. Journal of Helminthology 80, 6568;
Phiri, A, Phiri, I, Chota, A and Monrad, J (2007) Trematode infections in freshwater snails and cattle from the Kafue wetlands of Zambia during a period of highest cattle–water contact. Journal of Helminthology 81, 8592;
Pholpark, S, Pholpark, M, Polsar, C, Charoenchai, A, Paengpassa, Y and Kashiwazaki, Y (1999) Influence of Trypanosoma evansi infection on milk yield of dairy cattle in northeast Thailand. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 42, 3944.
Rashid, M, Haroon, A, Rashid, MI, Khalid, S, Liaquat, A, Saghir, A, Wasim, S, Saher, I and Shahid, F (2018) Economic significance of tropical theileriosis on a Holstein Friesian dairy farm in Pakistan. Journal of Parasitology 104, 310312.
Regassa, F, Molla, A and Bekele, J (2010) Study on the prevalence of cystic hydatidosis and its economic significance in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa Municipal abattoir, Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production 42, 977984;
Rushton, J (2009) The economics of animal health and production. CABI, CHAP 7, 65106.
Reichel, MP, Ayanegui-Alcérreca, MA, Gondim, LF and Ellis, JT (2013) What is the global economic impact of Neospora caninum in cattle–the billion dollar question. International Journal for Parasitology 43, 133142;
Shaw, A, Torr, S, Waiswa, C, Cecchi, G, Wint, G, Mattioli, R and Robinson, T (2013) Estimating the costs of tsetse control options: an example for Uganda. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 110, 290303;
Shaw, A, Cecchi, G, Wint, G, Mattioli, R and Robinson, T (2014) Mapping the economic benefits to livestock keepers from intervening against bovine trypanosomosis in Eastern Africa. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 113, 197210;
Shaw, A, Wint, G, Cecchi, G, Torr, S, Mattioli, R and Robinson, T (2015) Mapping the benefit-cost ratios of interventions against bovine trypanosomosis in Eastern Africa. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 122, 406416;
Siddiki, A, Uddin, M, Hasan, M, Hossain, M, Rahman, M, Das, B, Sarker, M and Hossain, M (2010) Coproscopic and haematological approaches to determine the prevalence of helminthiasis and protozoan diseases of Red Chittagong Cattle (RCC) breed in Bangladesh. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 30, 16.
Slifko, TR, Smith, HV and Rose, JB (2000) Emerging parasite zoonoses associated with water and food. International Journal for Parasitology 30, 13791393.
Smith, G (1997) The economics of parasite control: obstacles to creating reliable models. Veterinary Parasitology 72, 437449.
Swai, E and Ulicky, E (2009) An evaluation of the economic losses resulting from condemnation of cattle livers and loss of carcass weight due to Fasciolosis: a case study from Hai town abattoir, Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development 21, 186.
Theodoropoulos, G, Theodoropoulou, E, Petrakos, G, Kantzoura, V and Kostopoulos, J (2002) Abattoir condemnation due to parasitic infections and its economic implications in the region of Trikala, Greece. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 49, 281284.
Upton, M (2004) The role of livestock in economic development and poverty reduction. Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative 166.
Yatswako, S and Alhaji, NB (2017) Survey of bovine fasciolosis burdens in trade cattle slaughtered at abattoirs in North-central Nigeria: the associated predisposing factors and economic implication. Parasite Epidemiol Control 2, 3039.
Zinsstag, J, Ankers, P, Dempfle, L, Njie, M, Kaufmann, J, Itty, P, Pfister, K and Pandey, V (1997 a) Effect of strategic gastrointestinal nematode control on growth of N'Dama cattle in Gambia. Veterinary Parasitology 68, 143153.
Zinsstag, J, Ankers, P, Itty, P, Njie, M, Kaufmann, J, Pandey, V and Pfister, K (1997b) Effect of strategic gastrointestinal nematode control on fertility and mortality of N'Dama cattle in The Gambia. Veterinary Parasitology 73, 105117.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Parasitology
  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed