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New findings of Setaria tundra and Setaria cervi in the red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Poland

  • Grzegorz Oloś (a1), Julita Nowakowska (a2), Sylwia Rojewska (a3) and Renata Welc-Falęciak (a3)


Our study aimed at examining the phylogenetic position of the newly-found Setaria nematodes obtained from the red deer (Cervus elaphus) based on sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COX-1). Alignment and phylogenetic analyses, as well as SEM microscopic analysis, revealed the presence of two Setaria species: S. cervi and S. tundra. Setaria tundra was noted in only one individual, a calf of the red deer, while S. cervi was observed in three stages, two hinds and one calf of the red deer. According to our knowledge, it is the first case of S. cervi in the red deer in Poland confirmed in molecular studies and also the first case of S. tundra infection in the red deer.


Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Grzegorz Oloś, E-mail:


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Agricultural Property Agency (2017) Directorate General of the State Forests and the Polish Hunting Association. Available at
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