A 120 kDa antigen produced by juvenile female Litomosoides sigmodontis (Juv-p120) was isolated and purified. The amino acid composition of the molecule was determined. Juv-p120 was shown to be highly modified with N,N-dimethyl-aminoethanol (28·4 mol%). Treatment of Juv-p120 with potassium hydroxide (β-elimination) or with sodium m-periodate leads to the destruction of epitopes recognized by antibodies immune affinity-purified with isolated Juv-p120. Juvenile L. sigmodontis were shown to release Juv-p120 into the pleural cavity of infected Mastomys coucha before the onset of patency.