Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Regional surveillance of parasitic infections in wild Northern Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus) utilizing a mobile research laboratory platform

  • Kendall R. Blanchard (a1), Aravindan Kalyanasundaram (a1), Cassandra Henry (a1), Matthew Z. Brym (a1) and Ronald J. Kendall (a1)...

Abstract

Northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus), a popular gamebird among hunters, have been declining over recent decades in the Rolling Plains ecoregion. Investigations in the past few years have revealed a high prevalence of eyeworms (Oxyspirura petrowi) and caecal worms (Aulonocephalus pennula) in this ecoregion, prompting a need to better understand their host–parasite interaction and other factors that influence infection. In this study, the efficiency of a mobile laboratory was tested by deploying it to three field sites in the Rolling Plains between July and August of 2017 and collecting cloacal swabs from bobwhites. The DNA was extracted from swabs for quantitative PCR and was run in the mobile and reference laboratory to specifically detect A. pennula and O. petrowi infection. When compared with the Wildlife Toxicology's reference laboratory, the mobile laboratory had a 97 and 99% agreement for A. pennula and O. petrowi, respectively. There were no significant differences in infection levels between field sites. Due to its efficiency, it is proposed that the mobile laboratory would be an effective way to monitor infection levels, in addition to factors that may affect infection such as climate, diapause, and intermediate host populations.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Regional surveillance of parasitic infections in wild Northern Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus) utilizing a mobile research laboratory platform
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Regional surveillance of parasitic infections in wild Northern Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus) utilizing a mobile research laboratory platform
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Regional surveillance of parasitic infections in wild Northern Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus) utilizing a mobile research laboratory platform
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Ronald J. Kendall, E-mail: ron.kendall@ttu.edu

References

Hide All
Addison, EM and Anderson, RC (1969) A review of eyeworms of the genus Oxyspirura (Nematoda: Spirurodidea). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 55, 158.
Armour, J and Bruce, RG (1974) Inhibited development in Ostertagia ostertagi infections – a diapause phenomenon in a nematode. Parasitology 69, 161174.
Armour, J, Jennings, FW and Uruquat, GM (1969) Inhibition of Ostertagia ostertagi in the early fourth larval stage. II. The influence of the environment on host or parasite. Research in Veterinary Science 10, 238244.
Barua, P, Barua, N, Hazarika, NK and Das, S (2005) Loa loa in the anterior chamber of the eye: a case report. Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology 23, 59.
Bruno, A (2014) Survey for Trichomonas gallinae and assessment of helminth parasites in northern bobwhites from the Rolling Plains ecoregion. Thesis, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, USA.
Bruno, A, Fedynich, AM, Smith-Herron, A and Rollins, D (2015) Pathological response of northern bobwhites to Oxyspirura petrowi infections. Journal of Parasitology 101, 364368.
Brym, MZ, Henry, C and Kendall, RJ (2018) Potential parasite induced host mortality in northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) from the Rolling Plains ecoregion of West Texas. Archives of Parasitology 2, 1.
Bukowiecki, N, Dommen, J, Prevot, ASH, Richter, R, Weingartner, and Baltensperger, U (2002) A mobile pollutant measurement laboratory – measuring gas phase and aerosol ambient concentrations with high spatial and temporal resolution. Atmospheric Environment 36, 55695579.
Cram, EB (1937) A review of the genus Oxyspirura, with a morphological study of O. petrowi Skrjabin 1929, recently discovered in galliform birds of the northern United State pp. 89–98 in Papers on Helminthology. Moscow, Russia.
Dunham, NR, Soliz, LA, Fedynich, AM, Rollins, D & Kendall, RJ (2014) Evidence of an Oxyspirura petrowi epizootic in northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50, 552558.
Dunham, N and Kendall, R (2017) Eyeworm infections of Oxyspirura petrowi, Skrjabin, 1929 (Spirurida: Thelaziidae), in species of quail from Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, USA. Journal of Helminthology 91, 491496.
Dunham, NR, Bruno, A, Almas, S, Rollins, D, Fedynich, AM, Presley, SM and Kendall, RJ (2016 a) Eyeworms (Oxyspirura petrowi) in northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) from the Rolling Plains ecoregion of Texas and Oklahoma, 2011–2013. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 52, 562567.
Dunham, NR, Reed, S, Rollins, D and Kendall, RJ (2016 b) Oxyspirura petrowi infection leads to pathological consequences in Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus). International Journal of Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 5, 273276.
Dunham, NR, Peper, ST, Downing, C, Brake, E, Rollins, D and Kendall, RJ (2017 a) Infection levels of eyeworm Oxyspirura petrowi and caecal worm Aulonocephalus pennula in the northern bobwhite and scaled quail from the Rolling Plains of Texas. Journal of Helminthology 91, 569577.
Dunham, NR, Henry, C, Brym, M, Rollins, D, Helman, GR and Kendall, RJ (2017 b) Caecal worm, Aulonocephalus pennula, infection in the northern bobwhite quail, Colinus virginianus. International Journal of Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 6, 3538.
Fernando, MA, Stockdale, PHG and Ashton, GC (1971) Factors contributing to the retardation of development of Obeliscoides cuniculi in rabbits. Parasitology 63, 2129.
Grolla, A, Jones, SM, Fernando, L, Strong, JE, Stroher, U, Moller, P, Paweska, JT, Burt, F, Palma, PP, Sprecher, A, Formenty, P, Roth, C and Feldmann, H (2011) The use of a mobile laboratory unit in support of patient management and epidemiological surveillance during the 2005 marburg outbreak in Angola. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 5, e1183.
Henry, C, Brym, MZ and Kendall, RJ (2017) Oxyspirura petrowi and Aulonocephalus pennula infection in wild northern bobwhite quail in the Rolling Plains ecoregion, Texas: possible evidence of a die-off. Archives of Parasitology 1, 2.
Henry, C, Brym, MZ, Kalyanasundaram, A and Kendall, RJ (2018) Molecular identification of potential intermediate hosts of Aulonocephalus pennula from the Order Orthoptera. Journal of Helminthology, in press, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X18000111.
Hernández, F and Peterson, MJ (2007) Northern bobwhite ecology and life history. In Brennan, L. (ed.), Texas Quails: Ecology and Management. College Station, USA: Texas A&M University Press, pp. 4064.
Holly, FJ and Lemp, MA (1977) Tear physiology and dry eyes. Survey of Ophthalmology 22, 6987.
Hudson, PJ, Dobson, AP and Newborn, D (1992) Do parasites make prey vulnerable to predation? Red grouse and parasites. Journal of Animal Ecology 61, 681692.
Hudson, PJ, Dobson, AP and Newborn, D (1998) Prevention of population cycles by parasite removal. Science 282, 22562258.
Jackson, AS (1969) Quail Management Handbook for West Texas Rolling Plains. Bulletin, vol. 48. Austin, Texas: Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, pp. 175.
Johnson, JL, Rollins, D and Reyna, KS (2012) What’s a quail worth? A longitudinal assessment of quail hunter demographics, attitudes, and spending habits in Texas. Proceedings of the National Quail Symposium 7, 294299.
Kalyanasundaram, A, Blanchard, KR and Kendall, RJ (2017) Molecular identification and characterization of partial COX1 gene from caecal worm (Aulonocephalus pennula) in Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) from the rolling plains ecoregion of Texas. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 6, 195201.
Kalyanasundaram, A, Blanchard, KR, Henry, C, Brym, MZ and Kendall, RJ (2018 a) Phylogenetic analysis of eyeworm (Oxyspirura petrowi) in Northern Bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) based on the nuclear 18S rDNA and mitochondrial Cytochrome oxidase 1 gene (COX1). Parasitology Open 4, e7, 17. http:// doi.org/10.1017/pao.2018.2.
Kalyanasundaram, A, Blanchard, KR, Henry, C, Brym, MZ and Kendall, RJ (2018 b) Development of a multiplex quantitative PCR assay for Eyeworm (Oxyspirura petrowi) and Caecal worm (Aulonocephalus pennula) Detection in Northern Bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) of the Rolling Plains Eco-Region, Texas. Veterinary Parasitology 253, 6570.
Kistler, WM, Parlos, JA, Peper, ST, Dunham, NR and Kendall, RJ (2016) A quantitative PCR protocol for detection of Oxyspirura petrowi in northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus). PLoS ONE 11, e0166309.
Lehmann, VW (1984). The bobwhite in the Rio Grande Plain of Texas. College Station, USA: Texas A&M University Press.
Lima, WS (1998) Seasonal infection pattern of gastrointestinal nematodes of beef cattle in Minas Gerais State – Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 74, 203214.
Lermen, D, Schmitt, D, Bartel-Steinbach, M, Schröter-Kermani, C, Kolossa-Gehring, M, von Briesen, H and Zimmerman, H (2014) A new approach to standardize multicenter studies: mobile lab technology for the German environmental specimen bank. PLoS ONE 9, e105401.
Liccioli, S, Kutz, SJ, Ruckstuhl, KE and Massolo, A (2014) Spatial heterogeneity and temporal variations in Echinococcus multilocularis infections in wild hosts in a North American urban setting. International Journal for Parasitology 44, 457465.
McClure, HE (1949) The eyeworm, Oxyspirura petrowi, in Nebraska pheasants. Journal of Wildlife Management 13, 304307.
Michel, JF, Lancaster, MB and Hong, C (1974) Studies on arrested development of Ostertagia ostertagi and Cooperia oncophora. Journal of Comparative Pathology 84, 539554.
Michel, JF, Lancaster, MB and Hong, C (1975) Arrested development of Ostertagia ostertagi and Cooperia oncophora: effect of temperature at the free-living third stage. Journal of Comparative Pathology 85, 133138.
Michel, JF, Lancaster, MB and Hong, C (1976) The resumed development of arrested Ostertagia ostertagi in experimentally infected calves. Journal of Comparative Pathology 86, 615619.
Nayak, BSinha, S and Nayak, L (2016) Loa loa in the vitreous cavity of the eye. BMJ Case Reports, bcr2015213879, doi:10.1136/bcr-2015-213879.
Payne, AP (1994) The harderian gland: a tercentennial review. Journal of Anatomy 185, 149.
Pence, DB (1972) The genus Oxyspirura (Nematoda: Thelaziidae) from birds in Louisiana. Proceedings of the Helminthology Society of Washington 39, 2328.
Pritchard, RK, Donald, AD, Dash, KM and Hennessey, DR (1978) Factors involved in the relative anthelmintic tolerance of arrested fourth-stage larvae of Ostertagi ostertagi. The Veterinary Record 102, 382.
Robel, RJ, Walker, TL Jr, Hagen, CA, Ridley, RK, Kemp, KE and Applegate, RD (2003) Helminth parasites of lesser prairie-chicken Tympanchus pallidicinctus in southwestern Kansas: incidence, burdens, and effects. Wildlife Biology 9, 341349.
Rollins, D (2000) Status, ecology, and management of scaled quail in West Texas. Proceedings of the National Quail Symposium 4, 165172.
Rollins, D (2007) Quails on the rolling plains. In Brennan, L (ed.), Texas Quails: Ecology and Management. College Station, Texas, USA: Texas A&M University Press, pp. 117141.
Sauer, JR, Link, WA, Fallon, JE, Pardieck, KL and Ziolkowski, DJ Jr (2013) The North American breeding bird survey 1966–2011: summary analysis and species accounts. North American Fauna 79, 132.
Sandercock, BK, Jensen, WE, Williams, CK and Applegate, RD (2008) Demographic sensitivity of population change in northern bobwhite. Journal of Wildlife Management 72, 970982.
Saunders, GB (1935) Michigan's studies of sharp-tailed grouse. Transactions of the American Game Conference 21, 342344.
Schad, GA (1977) The role of arrested development in the regulation of nematode populations. In Esch, GW (ed.), Regulation of Parasite Populations. New York, USA: Academic Press, pp. 111200.
Sures, B and Streit, B (2001) Eel parasite diversity and intermediate host abundance in the River Rhine, Germany. Parasitology 123, 185191.
Sommerville, RI and Davey, KG (2002) Diapause in parasitic nematodes: a review. Canadian Journal of Zoology 80, 18171840.
Villarreal, SM, Fedynich, AM, Brennan, LA and Rollins, D (2012) Parasitic eyeworm Oxyspirura petrowi in northern bobwhites from the Rolling Plains of Texas, 2007-2011. Proceedings of the National Quail Symposium 7, 241243.
Xiang, L, Guo, F, Zhang, H, LaCoste, L, Rollins, D, Bruno, A, Fedynich, AM and Zhu, G (2013) Gene discovery, evolutionary affinity and molecular detection of Oxyspirura petrowi, an eye worm parasite of game birds. BMC Microbiology 13, 19.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Regional surveillance of parasitic infections in wild Northern Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus) utilizing a mobile research laboratory platform

  • Kendall R. Blanchard (a1), Aravindan Kalyanasundaram (a1), Cassandra Henry (a1), Matthew Z. Brym (a1) and Ronald J. Kendall (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.