Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Ensuring local stakeholder support for marine conservation: establishing a locally-managed marine area network in Aceh

  • A. Syakur (a1), J. T. Wibowo (a2), F. Firmansyah (a2), I. Azam (a2) and M. Linkie (a3)...

Abstract

Multidisciplinary approaches to managing seascapes are increasingly being recognized as best practice and therefore prioritized by conservation agencies. For most coastal areas the strengthening of customary marine tenure, rules and regulations should yield even greater biodiversity and livelihood benefits. Here, we present the conservation planning results from a locally-managed marine area programme initiated by the Government of Aceh, Indonesia, which aimed to empower coastal communities to sustainably and equitably manage marine resources with local government. In 2008 the government established a Marine and Fisheries Task Force to identify priority areas for marine biodiversity (through systematic conservation planning) and coastal communities (through participatory planning). In addition to the existing 264,788 ha of marine management units, systematic planning identified another 53,372 ha. However, the subsequent stakeholder participation phase, involving intensive local consultations, further expanded the locally-managed marine area network by 6,725 ha and to a total of 23 locally-managed marine areas. This combined approach had additional benefits because it generated a strong sense of local ownership. For communities it initiated a process for recognizing their customary claimed areas and resolved overlapping boundaries between neighbouring communities, thereby reducing the likelihood of future conflicts over natural resource use. For government, it provided the basis of a robust governance system, with 34 new or revised decrees being completed and an additional USD 1.6 million being allocated for implementation of locally-managed marine areas. This participatory approach should considerably increase the successful delivery of a sustainable and equitable locally-managed marine area network for Aceh, which has wide application for the South-east Asian region and beyond.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Ensuring local stakeholder support for marine conservation: establishing a locally-managed marine area network in Aceh
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Ensuring local stakeholder support for marine conservation: establishing a locally-managed marine area network in Aceh
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Ensuring local stakeholder support for marine conservation: establishing a locally-managed marine area network in Aceh
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

(Corresponding author) E-mail matthew.linkie@fauna-flora.org

References

Hide All
Babcock, R.C., Shears, N.T., Alcala, A.C., Barrett, N.S., Edgar, G.J., Lafferty, K.D. et al. (2010) Decadal trends in marine reserves reveal differential rates of change in direct and indirect effects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 107, 1825618261.
Ball, I. & Possingham, H. (2000) MARXAN v. 1.8.2—Marine Reserve Design using Spatially Explicit Annealing. University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
Bellwood, D.R., Hughes, T.P., Folke, C. & Nyström, M. (2004) Confronting the coral reef crisis. Nature, 429, 827833.
Biggs, D., Abel, N., Knight, A.T., Leitch, A., Langston, A. & Ban, N.C. (2011) The implementation crisis in conservation planning: could ‘mental models’ help? Conservation Letters, 4, 169183.
BRR-NAD Nias (2007) Penyusunan rencana umum tata ruang wilayah pesisir Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam pasca tsunami. Laporan Akhir [Spatial plan compilation for coastal areas in post-tsunami Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam province. Final Report]. BRR-NAD Nias Satker Pembinaan Keuangan dan Perencanaan, Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
Campbell, S.J., Cinner, J.E., Ardiwijaya, R.L., Pardede, S., Kartawijaya, T., Mukmunin, A. et al. (2011) Avoiding conflicts and protecting coral reefs: customary management benefits marine habitats and fish biomass. Oryx, 46, 486494.
Carpenter, K.E., Abrar, M., Aeby, G., Aronson, R.B., Banks, S., Bruckner, A. et al. (2008) One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts. Science, 321, 560–56.
Firmansyah, F. (2010) Fisheries Resource Use Summary Report. Aceh Green, Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
Game, E.T., Lipsett-Moore, G., Hamilton, R., Peterson, N., Kereseka, J., Atu, W. et al. (2011) Informed opportunism for conservation planning in the Solomon Islands. Conservation Letters, 4, 3846.
Game, E.T., Watts, M.E., Wooldridge, S. & Possingham, H.P. (2008) Planning for persistence in marine reserves: a question of catastrophic importance. Ecological Applications, 18, 670680.
Gardner, C. (2012) Social learning and the researcher–practitioner divide. Oryx, 46, 313314.
Hargreaves-Allen, V., Mourato, S. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2011) A global evaluation of coral reef management performance: are MPAs producing conservation and socio-economic improvements? Environmental Management, 47, 684700.
Hill, R., Williams, K.J., Pert, P.L., Robinson, C.J., Dale, A.P., Westcott, D.A. et al. (2010) Adaptive community-based biodiversity conservation in Australia's tropical rainforests. Environmental Conservation, 37, 7382.
Hughes, T.P. (1994) Catastrophes, phase shifts, and large-scale degradation of a Caribbean coral reef. Science, 265, 15471551.
Hughes, T.P., Bellwood, D.R., Folke, C., Steneck, R.S. & Wilson, J. (2005) New paradigms for supporting the resilience of marine ecosystems. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 20, 380386.
Jenkins, M. (2003) Prospects for biodiversity. Science, 302, 11751177.
Klein, C.J., Chan, A., Kircher, L., Cundiff, A.J., Gardner, N., Hrovat, Y. et al. (2008) Striking a balance between biodiversity conservation and socio-economic viability in marine protected area design. Conservation Biology, 22, 691700.
Knight, A.T., Bode, M., Fuller, R.A., Grantham, H., Possingham, H.P., Watson, J.E.M. & Wilson, K.A. (2010) More action, not more data: reply to Stuart et al. Science, 329, 141.
Knight, A.T. & Cowling, R.M. (2007) Embracing opportunism in the selection of priority conservation areas. Conservation Biology, 21, 11241126.
Knight, A.T., Cowling, R.M. & Campbell, B.M. (2006) An operational model for implementing conservation action. Conservation Biology, 20, 408419.
Knight, A.T., Cowling, R.M., Rouget, M., Balmford, A., Lombard, A.T. & Campbell, B.M. (2008) Knowing but not doing: selecting priority conservation areas and the research-implementation gap. Conservation Biology, 20, 739750.
KP3K KKP (2011) Konservasi perairan Indonesia [Indonesian water conservation]. Http://www.kp3.kkp.go.id [accessed 8 September 2011].
Linkie, M., Smith, R.J. & Leader-Williams, N. (2004) Mapping and predicting deforestation patterns in the lowlands of Sumatra. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13, 18091818.
Molloy, P.P., McLean, I.B. & Cote, I.M. (2009) Effects of marine reserve age on fish populations: a global meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 743751.
Mora, C., Andréfouët, S., Costello, M.J., Kranenburg, C., Rollo, A., Veron, J. et al. (2006) Coral reefs and the global network of marine protected areas. Science, 312, 17501751.
Pauly, D., Christensen, V., Guenette, S., Pitcher, T.R., Sumaila, U.R., Walters, C.J. et al. (2002) Towards sustainability in world fisheries. Nature, 418, 689695.
P2O LIPI (2006) Kondisi sebaran terumbu karang di Indonesia [Condition of coral reef distribution in Indonesia]. P2O LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Rodriguez, J.P., Taber, A.B., Daszak, P., Sukumar, R., Valladarez-Pauda, C., Padua, S. et al. (2007) Globalization of conservation: a view from the south. Science, 317, 755756.
Smith, R.J. (2004) Conservation Land-Use Zoning (CLUZ) Software. Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, Canterbury, UK. Http:// www.mosaic-conservation.org/cluz [accessed 1 February 2010].
Smith, R.J., Easton, J., Nhancale, B.A., Armstrong, A.J., Culverwell, J., Dlamini, S. et al. (2008) Designing a transfrontier conservation landscape for the Maputaland centre of endemism using biodiversity, economic and threat data. Biological Conservation, 141, 21272138.
Smith, R.J., Veríssimo, D., Leader-Williams, N., Cowling, R.M. & Knight, A.T. (2009) Let the locals lead. Nature, 462, 280281.
Stewart, R.R. & Possingham, H.P. (2005) Efficiency, costs and trade-offs in marine reserve system design. Environmental Modeling & Assessment, 10, 203213.
UNDP (2008) Aceh Green Economic Development and Investment Programme. Unpublished document by the UNDP, BAPPENAS, Government of Aceh and Government of Indonesia, Aceh, Indonesia.
Watts, M.E., Klein, C.K., Stewart, R.R., Ball, I.R. & Possingham, H.P. (2008) Marxan with Zones (v. 1.0.1): Conservation Zoning using Spatially Explicit Annealing, a Manual. Http://www.uq.edu.au/marxan/docs/Marxan_with_Zones_User_Manual_v101.pdf [accessed June 2009].
Wilson, C. & Linkie, M. (2012) The Panglima Laot of Aceh: a case study in large-scale community-based marine management after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Oryx, 46, 495500.
Wiryawan, B., Khazali, M. & Knight, M. (2005) Menuju kawasan konservasi laut Berau Kalimantan Timur [Advancing marine conservation areas in West Kalimantan Berau]. Program Bersama Kelautan TNC–WWF Mitra Pesisir, Berau, Indonesia.
Wood, L.J., Fish, L., Laughren, J. & Pauly, D. (2008) Assessing progress towards global marine protection targets: Shortfalls in information and action. Oryx, 42, 340351.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed