Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684bc48f8b-l9xz9 Total loading time: 0.514 Render date: 2021-04-10T19:06:14.762Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

The Migrant Other: Exclusion without Nationalism?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2021

Caress Schenk
Affiliation:
Nazarbayev University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan; Tomsk State University, Laboratory for Social and Anthropological Research, Tomsk, Russia
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Migrants are an easy, visible Other, seeming to fall neatly into the us-versus-them framework of nationalism. Nevertheless, much of the scholarly approach to migrant identity, with the partial exception of a largely separate literature on citizenship, has eschewed overt ties to nationalism studies. When us-versus-them language is used in relation to nationalism, the focus or nodal point is the identity of the seemingly homogenous “us” of the nation. However, when migrants are othered, the focus is not always the nation, and while othering migrants always creates exclusion, it is not always exclusion from a nation or identity group. This state of the field article analyzes the literature on populism, securitization, biopolitics, and other critical scholarship related to the issue of othering migrants. In each of these bodies of work, different sets of “us” are set against migrants, some of which evoke identity and others of which do not, elucidating the links (or the lack thereof) of each approach to the study of nationalism. In each of these frameworks, the migrant Other comes up against a different frame of reference, leaving migrants themselves (or any sense of migrant identity) somewhat lost amid the analytical frameworks, at continual risk of being re-othered as victims of circumstance without agency.

Type
State of the Field
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Association for the Study of Nationalities

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Achilli, Luigi, and Samra, Mjriam Abu. 2019. “Beyond Legality and Illegality: Palestinian Informal Networks and the Ethno-Political Facilitation of Irregular Migration from Syria.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Published online ahead of print September 30, 2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Adamson, Fiona B. 2020. “Pushing the Boundaries: Can We ‘Decolonize’ Security Studies?Journal of Global Security Studies 5 (1): 129135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Agamben, Giorgio. 1998. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Åkesson, Lisa, and Alpes, Jill Maybritt. 2019. “What Is a Legitimate Mobility Manager? Juxtaposing Migration Brokers with the EU.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 45 (14): 26892705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alpes, Maybritt Jill. 2013. “Migration Brokerage, Illegality, and the State in Anglophone Cameroon.” DIIS Working Paper, No. 2013:07. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS).Google Scholar
Amin-Khan, Tariq. 2012. “New Orientalism, Securitisation and the Western Media’s Incendiary Racism.” Third World Quarterly 33 (9): 15951610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arcarazo, Diego Acosta, and Freier, Luisa Feline. 2015. “Turning the Immigration Policy Paradox Upside Down? Populist Liberalism and Discursive Gaps in South America.” International Migration Review 49 (3): 659696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arifianto, Alexander R. 2009. “The Securitization of Transnational Labor Migration: The Case of Malaysia and Indonesia.” Asian Politics & Policy 1 (4): 613630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baas, Michiel. 2017. “The Mobile Middle: Indian Skilled Migrants in Singapore and the ‘Middling’ Space between Migration Categories.” Transitions: Journal of Transient Migration 1 (1): 4763.Google Scholar
Baird, Theodore, and Van Liempt, Ilse. 2015. “Scrutinising the Double Disadvantage: Knowledge Production in the Messy Field of Migrant Smuggling.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 42 (3): 118.Google Scholar
Bakewell, Oliver. 2008. “Research beyond the Categories: The Importance of Policy Irrelevant Research into Forced Migration.” Journal of Refugee Studies 21 (4): 432453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Balčaitė, Indrė. 2020. “Brokered (Il)legality: Co-producing the Status of Migrants from Myanmar to Thailand.” In The Migration Industry in Asia, edited by Baas, Michiel, 3358. Singapore: Palgrave Pivot.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bashirov, Galib. 2018. “Between Strong and Weak Securitization: A Comparative Study of Russian and Turkish Approaches to Migration from Central Asia.” In Eurasia on the Move: Interdisciplinary Approaches to a Dynamic Migration Region, edited by Laruelle, Marlene and Schenk, Caress, 1326. Washington D.C.: Central Asia Program.Google Scholar
Bejarano, Carolina Alonso, Juárez, Lucia López, García, Mirian A. Mijangos, and Goldstein, Daniel M.. 2019. Decolonizing Ethnography: Undocumented Immigrants and New Directions in Social Science. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Bertrand, Sarah. 2018. “Can the Subaltern Securitize? Postcolonial Perspectives on Securitization Theory and Its Critics.” European Journal of International Security 3 (3): 281299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bigo, Didier. 2014. “The (In)securitization Practices of the Three Universes of EU Border Control: Military/Navy–Border Guards/Police–Database Analysts.” Security Dialogue 45 (3): 209225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bigo, Didier, and McCluskey, Emma. 2018. “What Is a PARIS Approach to (In)securitization? Political Anthropological Research for International Sociology.” In The Oxford Handbook of International Security, edited by Gheciu, Alexandra and Wohlforth, William C., 116130. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Billiet, Jaak, Meuleman, Bart, and De Witte, Hans. 2014. “The Relationship between Ethnic Threat and Economic Insecurity in Times of Economic Crisis: Analysis of European Social Survey Data.” Migration Studies 2 (2): 135161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bird, Greg, and Short, Jon. 2017. “Cultural and Biological Immunization: A Biopolitical Analysis of Immigration Apparatuses.” Configurations 25 (3): 301326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bos, Linda, and Brants, Kees. 2014. “Populist Rhetoric in Politics and Media: A Longitudinal Study of the Netherlands.” European Journal of Communication 29 (6): 703719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buzan, Barry, and Waever, Ole. 2003. Regions and Powers: The Structure of International Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bylander, Maryann. 2019. “Is Regular Migration Safer Migration? Insights from Thailand.” Journal on Migration and Human Security 7 (1): 118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Çağlar, Ayse. 2016. “Still ‘Migrants’ After All Those Years: Foundational Mobilities, Temporal Frames and Emplacement of Migrants.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 42 (6): 952969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Casas-Cortes, Maribel, Cobarrubias, Sebastian, and Pickles, John. 2015. “Riding Routes and Itinerant Borders: Autonomy of Migration and Border Eternalization.” Antipode 47 (4): 894914.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collyer, Michael, and De Haas, Hein. 2012. “Developing Dynamic Categorisations of Transit Migration.” Population, Space and Place 18 (4): 468481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crawley, Heaven, and Skleparis, Dimitris. 2018. “Refugees, Migrants, Neither, Both: Categorical Fetishism and the Politics of Bounding in Europe’s ‘Migration Crisis,’” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 44 (1): 4864.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cuttitta, Paolo, and Last, Tamara. 2019. Border Deaths: Causes, Dynamics and Consequences of Migration-Related Mortality. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar
Dauvergne, Catherine, and Marsden, Sarah. 2014. “The Ideology of Temporary Labour Migration in the Post-global Era.” Citizenship Studies 18 (2): 224242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davies, Thom, and Isakjee, Arshad. 2015. “Geography, Migration and Abandonment in the Calais Refugee Camp.” Political Geography 100 (49): 9395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davies, Thom, Isakjee, Arshad, and Dhesi, Surindar. 2017. “Violent Inaction: The Necropolitical Experience of Refugees in Europe.” Antipode 49 (5): 12631284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davitti, Daria. 2018. “Biopolitical Borders and the State of Exception in the European Migration ‘Crisis.’” European Journal of International Law 29 (4): 11731196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Cleen, Benjamin, and Stavrakakis, Yannis. 2017. “Distinctions and Articulations: A Discourse Theoretical Framework for the Study of Populism and Nationalism.” Javnost - The Public 24 (4): 301319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Genova, Nicholas. 2010. “The Deportation Regime: Sovereignty, Space, and the Freedom of Movement.” In The Deportation Regime: Sovereignty, Space, and the Freedom of Movement, edited by De Genova, Nicholas and Peutz, Nathalie, 3365. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Genova, Nicholas. 2013. “‘We Are of the Connections’: Migration, Methodological Nationalism, and ‘Militant Research’Postcolonial Studies 16 (3): 250-258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Genova, Nicholas. 2015. “The Border Spectacle of Migrant ‘Victimisation.’” Open Democracy, May 20, 2015. https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/beyond-trafficking-and-slavery/border-spectacle-of-migrant-victimisation/. (Accessed October 29, 2020.)Google Scholar
De Genova, Nicholas. 2019. “Detention, Deportation, and Waiting: Toward a Theory of Migrant Detainability.” Gender a výzkum 20 (1): 92104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deleixhe, Martin. 2019. “Biopolitical Sovereignty and Borderlands.” Journal of Borderlands Studies 34 (5): 649664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deshingkar, Priya. 2019. “The Making and Unmaking of Precarious, Ideal Subjects – Migration Brokerage in the Global South.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 45 (14): 26382654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deshingkar, Priya, Abrar, C. R., Sultana, Mirza Taslima, Haque, Kazi Nurmohammad Hossainul, and Reza, Md Selim. 2019. “Producing Ideal Bangladeshi Migrants for Precarious Construction Work in Qatar.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 45 (14): 27232738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dines, Nick, Montagna, Nicola, and Ruggiero, Vincenzo. 2015. “Thinking Lampedusa: Border Construction, the Spectacle of Bare Life and the Productivity of Migrants.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 38 (3): 430445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Doty, Roxanne Lynn. 2011. “Bare Life: Border-Crossing Deaths and Spaces of Moral Alibi.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 29 (4): 599612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eger, Maureen A., and Valdez, Sarah. 2019. “From Radical Right to Neo-nationalist.” European Political Science 18 (3): 379399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fassin, Didier. 2011. “Policing Borders, Producing Boundaries: The Governmentality of Immigration in Dark Times.” Annual Review of Anthropology 40: 213226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferreira, Susana. 2018. “From Narratives to Perceptions in the Securitisation of the Migratory Crisis in Europe.” In Critical Perspectives on Migration in the Twenty-First Century, edited by Southgate, Marianne Karakoulaki Laura, and Steiner, Jakob, 5773. Bristol: E-International Relations.Google Scholar
Garelli, Glenda, and Tazzioli, Martina. 2013. “Challenging the Discipline of Migration: Militant Research in Migration Studies, an Introduction.” Postcolonial Studies 16 (3): 245249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilmartin, Mary, and Kuusisto-Arponen, Anna-Kaisa. 2019. “Borders and Bodies: Siting Critical Geographies of Migration.” In Handbook on Critical Geographies of Migration, edited by Mitchell, Katharyne, Jones, Reece and Fluri, Jennifer L., 1829. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gorodzeisky, Anastasia, and Semyonov, Moshe. 2020. “Perceptions and Misperceptions: Actual Size, Perceived Size and Opposition to Immigration in European Societies.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 46 (3): 612630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gray, Harriet, and Franck, Anja K.. 2019. “Refugees as/at Risk: The Gendered and Racialized Underpinnings of Securitization in British Media Narratives.” Security Dialogue 50 (3): 275291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grosfoguel, Ramon, Oso, Laura, and Christou, Anastasia. 2015. “‘Racism,’ Intersectionality and Migration Studies: Framing Some Theoretical Reflections.” Identities 22 (6): 635652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hammerstad, Anne. 2014. “The Securitization of Forced Migration.” In The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, edited by Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Elena, Loescher, Gil, Long, Katy, and Sigona, Nando, 266277. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hansen, Lene. 2020. “Are ‘Core’ Feminist Critiques of Securitization Theory Racist? A Reply to Alison Howell and Melanie Richter-Montpetit.” Security Dialogue 51 (4): 378385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hintjens, Helen. 2019. “Failed Securitisation Moves during the 2015 ‘Migration Crisis.’International Migration 57 (4): 181196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hollifield, James F. 2004. “The Emerging Migration State.” International Migration Review 38 (3): 885912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Howell, Alison, and Richter-Montpetit, Melanie. 2020. “Is Securitization Theory Racist? Civilizationism, Methodological Whiteness, and Antiblack Thought in the Copenhagen School.” Security Dialogue 51 (1): 322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Iosifides, Theodoros. 2017. “Against ‘Migration’: Using Critical Realism as a Framework for Conducting Mixed-Method, Migrantization Research.” Journal of Critical Realism 16 (2): 128142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jones, Reece, and Johnson, Corey. 2016. “Border Militarisation and the Re-articulation of Sovereignty.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 41 (2): 187200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, Jaeeun. 2018. “Migration-Facilitating Capital: A Bourdieusian Theory of International Migration.” Sociological Theory 36 (3): 262288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kluczewska, Karolina. 2019. “When IOM Encounters the Field: Localising the Migration and Development Paradigm in Tajikistan.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Published online ahead of print November 20, 2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krzyżanowski, Michał, and Ledin, Per. 2017. “Uncivility on the Web: Populism in/and the Borderline Discourses of Exclusion.” Journal of Language and Politics 16 (4): 566581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuntz, Anabel, Davidov, Eldad, and Semyonov, Moshe. 2017. “The Dynamic Relations between Economic Conditions and Anti-immigrant Sentiment: A Natural Experiment in Times of the European Economic Crisis.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology 58 (5): 392415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kunz, Sarah. 2020. “Expatriate, Migrant? The Social Life of Migration Categories and the Polyvalent Mobility of Race.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 46 (11): 21452162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kynsilehto, Anitta. 2017. “Mobilities, Politics, and Solidarities.” Peace Review 29 (1): 4854.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Landry, Rachel. 2016. “The ‘Humanitarian Smuggling’ of Refugees: Criminal Offence or Moral Obligation.” Working Paper Series No. 119. Oxford: Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford.Google Scholar
Ma, Xinrong. 2018. “Entrapment by Consent: The Co-ethnic Brokerage System of Ethnic Yi Labour Migrants in China.” PhD diss. Leiden University.Google Scholar
Mainwaring, Cetta, and Silverman, Stephanie J.. 2017. “Detention-as-Spectacle.” International Political Sociology 11 (1): 2138.Google Scholar
Makarychev, Andrey. 2018. “Bordering and Identity-Making in Europe after the 2015 Refugee Crisis.” Geopolitics 23 (4): 747753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matthes, Jörg, and Schmuck, Desirée. 2017. “The Effects of Anti-immigrant Right-Wing Populist Ads on Implicit and Explicit Attitudes: A Moderated Mediation Model.” Communication Research 44 (4): 556581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mavelli, Luca. 2017. “Governing Populations through the Humanitarian Government of Refugees: Biopolitical Care and Racism in the European Refugee Crisis.” Review of International Studies 43 (5): 809832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mignolo, Walter. 2011. The Darker Side of Western Modernity: Global Futures, Decolonial Options. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moffitt, Benjamin. 2015. “How to Perform Crisis: A Model for Understanding the Key Role of Crisis in Contemporary Populism.” Government and Opposition 50 (2): 189217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moffitt, Benjamin. 2016. The Global Rise of Populism: Performance, Political Style, and Representation. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Moncrieffe, Joy. 2007. “Introduction: Labelling, Power and Accountability; How and Why ‘Our’ Categories Matter.” In The Power of Labelling, edited by Moncrieffe, Joy and Eyben, Rosalind, 116. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
Moret, Joëlle, Andrikopoulos, Apostolos, and Dahinden, Janine. 2019. “Contesting Categories: Cross-Border Marriages from the Perspectives of the State, Spouses and Researchers.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Published online ahead of print July 17, 2019.Google Scholar
Muis, Jasper, and Immerzeel, Tim. 2017. “Causes and Consequences of the Rise of Populist Radical Right Parties and Movements in Europe.” Current Sociology 65 (6): 909930.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Picherit, David. 2019. “Labour Migration Brokerage and Dalit Politics in Andhra Pradesh: A Dalit Fabric of Labour Circulation.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 45 (14): 27062722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robertson, Shanthi. 2019. “Status-Making: Rethinking Migrant Categorization.” Journal of Sociology 55 (2): 219233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Round, John, and Kuznetsova, Irina. 2016. “Necropolitics and the Migrant as a Political Subject of Disgust: The Precarious Everyday of Russia’s Labour Migrants.” Critical Sociology 42 (7/8): 10171034.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rydgren, Jens. 2007. “The Sociology of the Radical Right.” Annual Review of Sociology 33:241262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rygiel, Kim. 2011. “Bordering Solidarities: Migrant Activism and the Politics of Movement and Camps at Calais.” Citizenship Studies 15 (1): 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rygiel, Kim. 2016. “Dying to Live: Migrant Deaths and Citizenship Politics along European Borders: Transgressions, Disruptions, and Mobilizations.” Citizenship Studies 20 (5): 545560.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sajjad, Tazreena. 2018. “What’s in a Name? ‘Refugees,’ ‘Migrants’ and the Politics of Labelling.” Race & Class 60 (2): 4062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sakki, Inari, and Pettersson, Katarina. 2016. “Discursive Constructions of Otherness in Populist Radical Right Political Blogs.” European Journal of Social Psychology 46 (2): 156170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salgado, Susana. 2019. –Where’s Populism? Online Media and the Diffusion of Populist Discourses and Styles in Portugal.” European Political Science 18 (1): 5365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sampson, Robyn. 2019. “The Biopolitics of Alternatives to Immigration Detention.” In Handbook on Critical Geographies of Migration, edited by Jones, Reece, Fluri, Jennifer L., and Mitchell, Katharyne, 255266. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schenk, Caress. 2018. “Anti-migrant, but Not Nationalist: Pursuing Statist Legitimacy through Immigration Discourse and Policy.” In Russia before and after Crimea: Nationalism and Identity, 2010-2017, edited by Pål Kolstø and Blakkisrud, Helge, 236257. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Schmitt, Carl. 2005. Political Theology: Four Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, Kate, and Waite, Louise. 2019. “New and Enduring Narratives of Vulnerability: Rethinking Stories about the Figure of the Refugee.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 45 (13): 22892307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Squire, Vicki. 2017. “Governing Migration through Death in Europe and the US: Identification, Burial and the Crisis of Modern Humanism.” European Journal of International Relations 23 (3): 513532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stachowitsch, Saskia, and Sachseder, Julia. 2019. “The Gendered and Racialized Politics of Risk Analysis: The Case of Frontex.” Critical Studies on Security 7 (2): 107123.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stavrakakis, Yannis, Katsambekis, Giorgos, Kioupkiolis, Alexandros, Nikisianis, Nikos, and Siomos, Thomas. 2018. “Populism, Anti-populism and Crisis.” Contemporary Political Theory 17 (1): 427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stockemer, Daniel, Niemann, Arne, Unger, Doris, and Speyer, Johanna. 2020. “The ‘Refugee Crisis,’ Immigration Attitudes, and Euroscepticism.” International Migration Review 54 (3): 883912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stroschein, Sherrill. 2019. “Populism, Nationalism, and Party Politics.” Nationalities Papers 47 (6): 923935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Talleraas, Cathrine. 2020. “Who Are the Transnationals? Institutional Categories beyond ‘Migrants.’Ethnic and Racial Studies 43 (4): 652671.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tazzioli, Martina, and Walters, William. 2016. “The Sight of Migration: Governmentality, Visibility and Europe’s Contested Borders.” Global Society 30 (3): 445464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tuckett, Anna. 2018. “Ethical Brokerage and Self-fashioning in Italian Immigration Bureaucracy.” Critique of Anthropology 38 (3): 245264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tudor, Alyosxa. 2018. “Cross-Fadings of Racialisation and Migratisation: The Postcolonial Turn in Western European Gender and Migration Studies.” Gender, Place & Culture 25 (7): 10571072.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Reekum, Rogier. 2016. “The Mediterranean: Migration Corridor, Border Spectacle, Ethical Landscape.” Mediterranean Politics 21 (2): 336341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Reekum, Rogier, and Schinkel, Willem. 2017. “Drawing Lines, Enacting Migration: Visual Prostheses of Bordering Europe.” Public culture 29 (1): 2751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wæver, Ole, and Buzan, Barry. 2020. “Racism and Responsibility–The Critical Limits of Deepfake Methodology in Security Studies: ARreply to Howell and Richter-Montpetit.” Security Dialogue 51 (4): 386394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walters, William. 2015. “Reflections on Migration and Governmentality.” Movements. Journal for Critical Migration and Border Regime Studies 1 (1): 125.Google Scholar
Watson, Scott D. 2009. The Securitization of Humanitarian Migration: Digging Moats and Sinking Boats. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wee, Kellynn, Goh, Charmian, and Yeoh, Brenda S. A.. 2019. “Chutes-and-Ladders: The Migration Industry, Conditionality, and the Production of Precarity among Migrant Domestic Workers in Singapore.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 45 (24): 26722688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wiggen, Mette. 2012. “Rethinking Anti-immigration Rhetoric after the Oslo and Utøya Terror Attacks.” New Political Science 34 (4): 585604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wodak, Ruth. 2015. The Politics of Fear: What Right-Wing Populist Discourses Mean. Los Angeles: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wodak, Ruth, and Krzyżanowski, Michał. 2017. “Right-Wing Populism in Europe & USA.” Journal of Language and Politics 16 (4): 471484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wright, Melissa W. 2011. “Necropolitics, Narcopolitics, and Femicide: Gendered Violence on the Mexico-US Border.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 36 (3): 707731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xiang, Biao. 2016. “Beyond Methodological Nationalism and Epistemological Behaviouralism: Drawing Illustrations from Migrations within and from China.” Population, Space and Place 22 (7): 669680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yuval-Davis, Nira, Wemyss, Georgie, and Cassidy, Kathryn. 2018. “Everyday Bordering, Belonging and the Reorientation of British Immigration Legislation.” Sociology 52 (2): 228244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zvobgo, Kelebogile, and Loken, Meredith. 2020. “Why Race Matters in International Relations.” Foreign Policy, June 19, 2020. https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/06/19/why-race-matters-international-relations-ir/. (Accessed November 6, 2020.)Google Scholar

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 192
Total number of PDF views: 81 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 09th February 2021 - 10th April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The Migrant Other: Exclusion without Nationalism?
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The Migrant Other: Exclusion without Nationalism?
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The Migrant Other: Exclusion without Nationalism?
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *