The effect of the flavonoids chrysin, isorhamnetin, kaempferol, luteolin, morin and rutin on pre-symbiotic growth, such as spore germination, hyphal length, hyphal branching and the formation of auxiliary cells and secondary spores, of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Gigaspora rosea, G. margarita, Glomus mosseae and G. intraradices was studied. According to the effect on each fungal growth parameter, the tested compounds could be classified to be genus and/or species specific or specific, for a certain developmental stage of pre-symbiotic growth. A clear arbuscular mycorrhizal genus specific, and even species specific, effect of some flavonoids was observed. However, this specificity of a flavonoid could not be generalized but differs depending on the pre-symbiotic stage of the AM fungus. Moreover, our show that for a better understanding of the role of compounds in the AM symbiosis, studies should not be conducted only with one AM fungus looking at one fungal growth parameter such as spore germination or hyphal length, but should be wider, including several growth parameters and several AM fungi.