We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings.
To send this article to your account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
MathJax is a JavaScript display engine for mathematics. For more information see http://www.mathjax.org.
Most read
This page lists the top ten most read articles for this journal based on the number of full text views and downloads recorded on Cambridge Core over the last 30 days. This list is updated on a daily basis.
The security of several homomorphic encryption schemes depends on the hardness of variants of the approximate common divisor (ACD) problem. We survey and compare a number of lattice-based algorithms for the ACD problem, with particular attention to some very recently proposed variants of the ACD problem. One of our main goals is to compare the multivariate polynomial approach with other methods. We find that the multivariate polynomial approach is not better than the orthogonal lattice algorithm for practical cryptanalysis.
We also briefly discuss a sample-amplification technique for ACD samples and a pre-processing algorithm similar to the Blum–Kalai–Wasserman algorithm for learning parity with noise. The details of this work are given in the full version of the paper.
In this paper we consider ordinary elliptic curves over global function fields of characteristic
$\def \xmlpi #1{}\def \mathsfbi #1{\boldsymbol {\mathsf {#1}}}\let \le =\leqslant \let \leq =\leqslant \let \ge =\geqslant \let \geq =\geqslant \def \Pr {\mathit {Pr}}\def \Fr {\mathit {Fr}}\def \Rey {\mathit {Re}}2$
. We present a method for performing a descent by using powers of the Frobenius and the Verschiebung. An examination of the local images of the descent maps together with a duality theorem yields information about the global Selmer groups. Explicit models for the homogeneous spaces representing the elements of the Selmer groups are given and used to construct independent points on the elliptic curve. As an application we use descent maps to prove an upper bound for the naive height of an
$S$
-integral point on
$A$
. To illustrate our methods, a detailed example is presented.
This paper presents a new probabilistic algorithm to compute modular polynomials modulo a prime. Modular polynomials parameterize pairs of isogenous elliptic curves, and are useful in many aspects of computational number theory and cryptography. The algorithm presented here has the distinguishing feature that it does not involve the computation of Fourier coefficients of modular forms. The need to compute the exponentially large integral coefficients is avoided by working directly modulo a prime, and computing isogenies between elliptic curves via Vélu's formulas.
A reduction theory is developed for binary forms (homogeneous polynomials) of degrees three and four with integer coefficients. The resulting coefficient bounds simplify and improve on those in the literature, particularly in the case of negative discriminant. Applications include systematic enumeration of cubic number fields, and 2-descent on elliptic curves defined over the set of rational numbers. Remarks are given concerning the extension of these results to forms defined over number fields.
We extract a quantitative variant of uniqueness from the usual hypotheses of the implicit function theorem. Not only does this lead to an a priori proof of continuity, but also to an alternative, full proof of the implicit function theorem. Additionally, we investigate implicit functions as a case of the unique existence paradigm with parameters.
The Coleman integral is a
$p$
-adic line integral that encapsulates various quantities of number theoretic interest. Building on the work of Harrison [J. Symbolic Comput. 47 (2012) no. 1, 89–101], we extend the Coleman integration algorithms in Balakrishnan et al. [Algorithmic number theory, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6197 (Springer, 2010) 16–31] and Balakrishnan [ANTS-X: Proceedings of the Tenth Algorithmic Number Theory Symposium, Open Book Series 1 (Mathematical Sciences Publishers, 2013) 41–61] to even-degree models of hyperelliptic curves. We illustrate our methods with numerical examples computed in Sage.
The chromatic polynomial P(G,λ) gives the number of ways a graph G can be properly coloured in at most λ colours. This polynomial has been extensively studied in both combinatorics and statistical physics, but there has been little work on its algebraic properties. This paper reports a systematic study of the Galois groups of chromatic polynomials. We give a summary of the Galois groups of all chromatic polynomials of strongly non-clique-separable graphs of order at most 10 and all chromatic polynomials of non-clique-separable θ-graphs of order at most 19. Most of these chromatic polynomials have symmetric Galois groups. We give five infinite families of graphs: one of these families has chromatic polynomials with a dihedral Galois group and two of these families have chromatic polynomials with cyclic Galois groups. This includes the first known infinite family of graphs that have chromatic polynomials with the cyclic Galois group of order 3.
Denote by
$ \mathbb{Q} ( \sqrt{- m} )$
, with
$m$
a square-free positive integer, an imaginary quadratic number field, and by
${ \mathcal{O} }_{- m} $
its ring of integers. The Bianchi groups are the groups
${\mathrm{SL} }_{2} ({ \mathcal{O} }_{- m} )$
. In the literature, so far there have been no examples of
$p$
-torsion in the integral homology of the full Bianchi groups, for
$p$
a prime greater than the order of elements of finite order in the Bianchi group, which is at most 6. However, extending the scope of the computations, we can observe examples of torsion in the integral homology of the quotient space, at prime numbers as high as for instance
$p= 80\hspace{0.167em} 737$
at the discriminant
$- 1747$
.
In this paper, we present the outcome of vast computer calculations, locating several of the very rare instances of level one cuspidal Bianchi modular forms that are not lifts of elliptic modular forms.
In this article we show that the Czech mathematician Václav Šimerka discovered the factorization of
$\frac{1}{9} (1{0}^{17} - 1)$
using a method based on the class group of binary quadratic forms more than 120 years before Shanks and Schnorr developed similar algorithms. Šimerka also gave the first examples of what later became known as Carmichael numbers.