Since the last compilation in 1983, the number of lichenicolous fungi (and lichenicolous lichens) recorded in Great Britain and Ireland has increased from 218 to 403 species (a rise of 85%). The introduction includes accounts of: the history of investigation, circumscription, phylogenetic relationships, symbiotic interactions, dispersal and establishment, distribution, culture, host restriction, and identification. The checklist enumerates the recorded species. Information is provided on the systematic position of each genus, together with the authors and dates of publication of all accepted names; synonyms used in the literature of the two countries since 1910 are cross-indexed. References to pertinent literature with descriptions and discussions are included, together with notes on particular species. The list of references cited includes 298 publications. The following new scientific names are introduced: Diederichia gen. nov., and Dactylospora scapanaria (syn. Lecidea scapanaria), Diederichia pseudevemiae (syn. Macrophomina pseudeverniae), Muellerella ventosicola (syn. Microthelia ventosicola) and Nigromacula uniseptata (syn. Vouauxiella uniseptata) combs, nov.