Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-5bf98f6d76-vpjr5 Total loading time: 1.632 Render date: 2021-04-21T21:25:33.405Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

New species of lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 June 2012

Laboratory of Lichenology, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, PL-31-512 Kraków, Poland
Martin KUKWA
Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation, University of Gdańsk, Al. Legionów 9, PL-80-441 Gdańsk, Poland. Email:
E-mail address:


Four new species of lichenicolous fungi are described from Bolivia: Capronia etayoi Flakus & Kukwa sp. nov. (on Dictyonema minus), Lichenosticta jurgae Kukwa & Flakus sp. nov. (on Lecanora sp.), Phaeosporobolus trypethelii Flakus & Kukwa sp. nov. (on Trypethelium ochroleucum; the host lichen new to Bolivia) and Spirographa usneae Flakus, Kukwa & Etayo sp. nov. (on Usnea sp.; also known from Ecuador).

Research Article
Copyright © British Lichen Society 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.


Alstrup, V. & Hawksworth, D. L. (1990) The lichenicolous fungi of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bioscience 31: 190.Google Scholar
Aptroot, A., Diederich, P., Sérusiaux, E. & Sipman, H. (1997) Lichens and lichenicolous fungi from New Guinea. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 64: 1220.Google Scholar
Brodo, I. M. (1984) The North American species of the Lecanora subfusca group. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 79: 63185.Google Scholar
Diederich, P. (1996) The lichenicolous heterobasidiomycetes. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 61: 1198.Google Scholar
Diederich, P. (2003) New species and new records of American lichenicolous fungi. Herzogia 16: 4190.Google Scholar
Diederich, P. (2004) Spirographa. In Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2 (Nash, T. H. III, Ryan, B. D., Diederich, P., Gries, C. & Bungartz, F., eds): 702703. Tempe: Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University.Google Scholar
Diederich, P. & Etayo, J. (2000) A synopsis of the genera Skyttea, Llimoniella and Rhymbocarpus (lichenicolous Ascomycota, Leotiales). Lichenologist 32: 423485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edwards, B., Aptroot, A., Hawksworth, D. L. & James, P. W. (2009) Lecanora Ach. in Luyken (1809). In The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (Smith, C. W., Aptroot, A., Coppins, B. J., Fletcher, A., Gilbert, O. L., James, P. W. & Wolseley, P. A., eds): 296297. London: British Lichen Society.Google Scholar
Etayo, J. (2002) Aportación al conocimiento de los hongos liquenícolas de Colombia. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 84: 1154.Google Scholar
Etayo, J. (2010) Hongos liquenícolas de Perú. Homenaje a Rolf Santesson. Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Provence 61: 83128.Google Scholar
Etayo, J. & Sancho, L. G. (2008) Hongos liquenícolas del Sur de Sudamerica, especialmente de Isla Navarino (Chile). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 98: 1302.Google Scholar
Farkas, E. (2010) Notes and schedae to Lichenes Delicati Exsiccati Editae in memoriam Antonín Vězda (1920–2008), Fasc.1. Acta Botanica Hungarica 52(3–4): 331340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feuerer, T. & Sipman, H. J. M. (2005) Additions to the lichenized and lichenicolous fungi of Bolivia. Herzogia 18: 139144.Google Scholar
Flakus, A. (2010) Lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia. W. Szafer Institute of Botany PAS, Krakow. [Version 1.1, September 2010]. Scholar
Flakus, A., Kukwa, M. & Czarnota, P. (2006) Some interesting records of lichenized and lichenicolous Ascomycota from South America. Polish Botanical Journal 51(2): 209215.Google Scholar
Flakus, A., Ahti, T., Kukwa, M. & Wilk, K. (2008) New and interesting records of Cladonia and their lichenicolous fungi from the Andean cloud forest in Bolivia. Annales Botanici Fennici 45: 448454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hafellner, J. (1982) Studien über lichenicole Pilze und Flechten I. Die Gattung Pleoscutula Vouaux. Herzogia 6: 289298.Google Scholar
Hafellner, J. & Obermayer, W. (1995) Cercidospora trypetheliza und einige weitere lichenicole Ascomyceten auf Arthrorhaphis. Cryptogamie Bryologie Lichenologie 16: 177190.Google Scholar
Halıcı, M. G., Hawksworth, D. L., Candan, M. & Türk, A. Ö. (2010) A new lichenicolous species of Capronia (Ascomycota, Herpotrichiellaceae), with a key to the known lichenicolous species of the genus. Fungal Diversity 40: 3740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harris, R. C. & Lendemer, J. C. (2009) The Fellhanera silicis group in eastern North America. Opuscula Philolichenum 6: 157174.Google Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. (1980) Notes on some fungi occurring on Peltigera, with a key to accepted species. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 74: 363386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. (1981) The lichenicolous ceolomycetes. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Botany Series 9: 198.Google Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. & Hafellner, J. (1986) Phaeosporobolus usneae, a new and widespread lichenicolous deuteromycete. Nova Hedwigia 43: 525530.Google Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. & Santesson, R. (1990) A revision of the lichenicolous fungi previously referred to Phragmonaevia. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 38: 121143.Google Scholar
Holien, H. & Triebel, D. (1996) Spirographa vinosa, a new odontotremoid fungus on Ochrolechia and Pertusaria. Lichenologist 28: 307313.Google Scholar
Kocourková, J. (2000) Lichenicolous fungi of the Czech Republic (the first commented checklist). Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B, Histeria Naturalis 55: 59169.Google Scholar
Nylander, W. (1859) Lichenes in regionibus exoticis quibusdam vigentes exponit synopticis enumerationibus. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique 11: 205264.Google Scholar
Triebel, D., Rambold, G. & Elix, J. A. (1995) A conspectus of the genus Phacopsis (Lecanorales). Bryologist 98: 7183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
von Brackel, W. (2011) Lichenicolous fungi and lichens from Puglia and Basilicata (southern Italy). Herzogia 24: 65101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhurbenko, M. P. (2010) Lichenicolous fungi and lichens growing on Stereocaulon from the Holarctic, with a key to the known species. Opuscula Philolichenum 8: 939.Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 46 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

New species of lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia
Available formats

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

New species of lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia
Available formats

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

New species of lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Your details

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *