Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-2bgxn Total loading time: 0.231 Render date: 2022-12-02T05:44:06.417Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

A new perspective on Punctelia subrudecta (Parmeliaceae) in North America: previously rejected morphological characters corroborate molecular phylogenetic evidence and provide insight into an old problem

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 June 2010

James C. LENDEMER
Affiliation:
The New York Botanical Garden, Institute of Systematic Botany, Bronx, NY 10458, USA Email: jlendemer@nybg.org
Brendan P. HODKINSON
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Box 90338, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.

Abstract

In North America the names Punctelia subrudecta and P. perreticulata have variously been applied to corticolous sorediate Punctelia specimens with lecanoric acid and a pale lower surface. ITS1, 5.8S, and ITS2 sequence data were generated from a geographically and morphologically broad sampling from within these specimens, and a molecular phylogeny was inferred. A combined approach using morphology, geography, and phylogeny was used to circumscribe three distinct species in North America, one of which is described as new to science (P. caseana), one of which is finally confirmed for the continent (P. jeckeri), and one whose original circumscription is validated (P. perreticulata). The phylogeny inferred from ITS sequence data supports the taxonomic value of the following morphological characters for distinguishing species in this group: presence/absence of pruina; conidium type and length (although see discussion of P. jeckeri), and presence/absence of scrobiculae on the upper surface. A key to the North American species of Punctelia is provided.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © British Lichen Society 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Adler, M. T. & Ahti, T. (1996) The distinction of Punctelia perreticulata and P. subrudecta (Parmeliaceae, Lecanorales). Lichenologist 28: 431436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Altschul, S., Madden, T. L., Schaffer, A. A., Zhang, J., Zhang, Z., Miller, W. & Lipman, D. J. (1997) Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new generation of protein database search programs. Nucleic Acids Research 25: 33893402.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aptroot, A. (2003) A new perspective on the sorediate Punctelia (Parmeliaceae) species of North America. Bryologist 106: 317319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bouly de Lesdain, M. (1942). Lichens de l'Etat de New Mexico (USA) recueillis par le Frère G. Arsène Brouard. Revue Bryologique et Lichénologique 12: 4466.Google Scholar
Brodo, I. M., Sharnoff, S. D. & Sharnoff, S. (2001) Lichens of North America. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Crespo, A., Divakar, P. K., Argüello, A., Gasca, C. & Hawksworth, D. L. (2004) Molecular studies on Punctelia species of the Iberian Peninsula, with an emphasis on specimens newly colonizing Madrid. Lichenologist, 36: 299308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Culberson, W. L. & Culberson, C. F. (1980) Microconidial dimorphism in the lichen genus Parmelia. Mycologia 72: 127135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Culberson, C. F. & Kristinsson, H. (1970) A standardized method for the indentification of lichen products. Journal of Chromatography, 46: 8593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Egan, R. S. (2002) Revised catalog of the lichens and lichenicolous fungi of New Mexico. Evansia 19: 4168.Google Scholar
Egan, R. S. & Aptroot, A. (2004) Punctelia. In Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2 (Nash, T. H. III, Ryan, B. D., Diederich, P., Gries, C. & Bungartz, F., eds.): 431436. Tempe, Arizona: Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University.Google Scholar
Felsenstein, J. (1985) Confidence limits on phylogenies: An approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: 783791.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Flenniken, D. G. (1999) The Macrolichens in West Virginia. Wooster, Ohio: published by the author.Google Scholar
Gaya, E., Lutzoni, F., Zoller, S. & Navarro-Rosinés, P. (2003) Phylogenetic study of Fulgensia and allied Caloplaca, and Xanthoria species (Teloschistaceae, lichen-forming Ascomycota). American Journal of Botany 90: 10951103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gaya, E., Navarro-Rosinés, P., Llimona, X., Hladun, N. & Lutzoni, F. (2008) Phylogenetic reassessment of the Teloschistaceae (lichen-forming Ascomycota, Lecanoromycetes). Mycological Research 112: 528546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hale, M. E. Jr. (1979) How to Know the Lichens. 2nd ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Co.Google Scholar
Harris, R.C. & Ladd, D. (2005) Preliminary Draft: Ozark Lichens. Enumerating the Lichens of the Ozark Highlands of Arkansas, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. Prepared for the 14th Tuckerman Lichen Workshop, Eureka Springs, AK.Google Scholar
Hillis, D. M., Morritz, C. & Mabel, B. K. (1996). Molecular Systematics 2nd ed.. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates Inc.Google Scholar
Hinds, J. W. & Hinds, P. L. (2007) The Macrolichens of New England. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. Bronx, New York: New York Botanical Garden Press.Google Scholar
Hodkinson, B. P. & Lutzoni, F. (2009) A microbiotic survey of lichen-associated bacteria reveals a new lineage from the Rhizobiales. Symbiosis 49: 163180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kalb, K. (2007) New or otherwise interesting lichens. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 95: 297316.Google Scholar
Kauff, F., Miądlikowska, J. & Lutzoni, F. (2003) Arc – a Program for Ambiguous Region Coding. v.1.5. Duke University, Durham.Google Scholar
Krog, H. (1982) Punctelia, a new lichen genus in the Parmeliaceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 2: 287292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Larkin, M. A., Blackshields, G., Brown, N. P., Chenna, R., McGettigan, P. A., McWilliam, H., Valentin, F., Wallace, I. M., Wilm, A., Lopez, R., et al. (2007) ClustalW and ClustalX version 2. Bioinformatics, 23: 29472948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lendemer, J. C. (2004) Lichens of Eastern North America exsiccati. Fascicle III, nos. 101–150. Opuscula Philolichenum 1: 4154.Google Scholar
Lendemer, J. C. & Hodkinson, B. P. (2009). The wisdom of fools: new molecular and morphological insights into the North American apodetiate species of Cladonia. Opuscula Philolichenum 7: 79100.Google Scholar
Lutzoni, F., Wagner, P., Reeb, V. & Zoller, S. (2000) Integrating ambiguously aligned regions of DNA sequences in phylogenetic analyses without violating positional homology. Systematic Biology 49: 628651.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Maddison, W. P. & Maddison, D. R. (2009) Mesquite: a Modular System for Evolutionary Analysis. version 2.6. http://mesquiteproject.org.Google Scholar
Miądlikowska, J., Lutzoni, F., Goward, T., Zoller, S. & Posada, D. (2003) New approach to an old problem: incorporating signal from gap-rich regions of ITS and nrDNA large subunit into phylogenetic analyses to resolve the Peltigera canina species complex. Mycologia 95: 11811203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miądlikowska, J., McCune, B. & Lutzoni, F. (2002) Pseudocyphellaria perpetua, a new lichen from Western North America. Bryologist 105: 110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nelsen, M. P., Lücking, R., Umaña, L., Trest, M. T., Will-Wolf, S., Chaves, J. L. & Gargas, A. (2007) Multiclavula ichthyiformis (Fungi: Basidiomycota: Cantharellales: Clavulinaceae), a remarkable new basidiolichen from Costa Rica. American Journal of Botany, 94: 12891296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reeb, V., Lutzoni, F. & Roux, C. (2004) Contribution of RPB2 to multilocus phylogenetic studies of the euascomycetes (Pezizomycotina, Fungi) with special emphasis on the lichen-forming Acarosporaceae and evolution of polyspory. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 10361060.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
St. Clair, L. L. (1999) Common Rocky Mountain Lichens. Provo, UT: M. L. Bean Life Science Museum of Brigham Young University.Google Scholar
Showman, R. E. & Flenniken, D. G. (2004) The Macrolichens of Ohio. Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey, New Series, 14(3): 1279pp.Google Scholar
Swofford, D. L. (2001) PAUP*. Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods). Version 4. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.Google Scholar
Thell, A., Herber, B., Aptroot, A., Adler, M. T., Feuerer, T. & Kärnefelt, E. I. (2005) A preliminary phylogeographic study of Flavopunctelia and Punctelia inferred from rDNA ITS-sequences. Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 41: 115121.Google Scholar
Tucker, S. C., Knudsen, K. & Robertson, J. (2006) Additional lichen collections from Pinnacles National Monument, San Benito County, California. Bulletin of the California Lichen Society 13: 69.Google Scholar
van Herk, K. & Aptroot, A. (2000) The sorediate Punctelia species with lecanoric acid in Europe. Lichenologist 32: 233246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wetmore, C. M. (1976) Macrolichens of Big Bend National Park, Texas. Bryologist 79: 296313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
White, T. J., Bruns, T. D., Lee, S. & Taylor, J. (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In PCR Protocols: a Guide to Methods and Applications (Innis, M. A., Gelfand, D. H., Sninsky, J. J. & White, T. J., eds): 315322. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Wilhelm, G. & Ladd, D. (1987) Punctelia perreticulata, a distinct lichen species. Mycotaxon 28: 249250.Google Scholar
12
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

A new perspective on Punctelia subrudecta (Parmeliaceae) in North America: previously rejected morphological characters corroborate molecular phylogenetic evidence and provide insight into an old problem
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

A new perspective on Punctelia subrudecta (Parmeliaceae) in North America: previously rejected morphological characters corroborate molecular phylogenetic evidence and provide insight into an old problem
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

A new perspective on Punctelia subrudecta (Parmeliaceae) in North America: previously rejected morphological characters corroborate molecular phylogenetic evidence and provide insight into an old problem
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *