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A Maya Palace at Holmul, Peten, Guatemala and the Teotihuacan “Entrada”: Evidence from Murals 7 and 9

  • Francisco Estrada-Belli (a1), Alexandre Tokovinine (a2), Jennifer M. Foley (a3), Heather Hurst (a4), Gene A. Ware (a5), David Stuart (a6) and Nikolai Grube (a7)...

Abstract

Excavations at La Sufricaya, a minor ritual group in the outskirts of the Lowland Maya city of Holmul, have documented two mural paintings inside an elite building of Early Classic date (A.D. 300–A.D. 600). One of the paintings is mythological in nature (Mural 9). The second bears an inscription with references to calendrical and historical events. It commemorates a notorious arrival date at Tikal on 11 Eb 15 Mak (January 16, A.D. 378) on its first anniversary. The architecture and artifacts associated with the murals combine Maya and Teotihuacan decorative motifs, and offer several parallels with Tikal assemblages. The iconography, epigraphy, and archaeological associations of these murals are discussed in relation to the function of the palace complex. This important new evidence contributes to an understanding of which role relations with Teotihuacan may have played in regional politics in the Maya Lowlands during the Early Classic period from the point of view of a smaller site. The interpretations presented here focus on the concept of political intervention of Tikal in the affairs of secondary and tertiary sites.

El reciente hallazgo de dos pinturas murales en el sitio de La Sufricaya, en la cercanía de la ciudad Maya de Holmul, Peten ofrece la oportunidad de discutir la relación entre las ciudades Maya y sus relaciones con Teotihuacan en la época Clásico Temprana. Los murales se encuentran en un complejo de edificios palaciegos menor en las cercanías del centro ceremonial de Holmul en el cual abundan los motivos iconográficos Teotihuacanos y obsidiana importada de fuentes Mexicanas. Unas de las pinturas (Mural 9) es de contenido mitológico mientras la segunda (Mural 7) es de contenido histórico y es completamente textual. Ambas son de estilo y contenido Maya. El análisis de la iconografía y epigrafía de estos monumentos permite elaborar interpretaciones sobre la función de este complejo como sede temporal de los gobernantes del sitio. A esta información se adjunta la discusión del contexto arquitectónico y de artefactos asociados a los monumentos los cuales indican fuerte s enlaces con Tikal. Estas evidencias aun si fragmentarias nos permiten una reconstrucción de las posibles modalidades en las cuales se dio el uso de dichos motivos Teotihuacanos en este caso específico y nos permiten aumentar el conocimiento sobre que papel pudo haber jugado la lejana Teotihuacan en las Tierras Bajas Maya del Clásico Temprano. Se ofrece una interpretación que enfoca en la política de intervención de Tikal sobre centros secundarios y que evita algunas posiciones extremas que se han presentado sobre este problema hasta ahora.

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A Maya Palace at Holmul, Peten, Guatemala and the Teotihuacan “Entrada”: Evidence from Murals 7 and 9

  • Francisco Estrada-Belli (a1), Alexandre Tokovinine (a2), Jennifer M. Foley (a3), Heather Hurst (a4), Gene A. Ware (a5), David Stuart (a6) and Nikolai Grube (a7)...

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