Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Semantic memory as assessed by the Pyramids and Palm Trees Test: The impact of sociodemographic factors in a Spanish-speaking population

  • ESTEVE GUDAYOL-FERRÉ (a1) (a2), JOSÉ PABLO LARA (a1) (a3), IXCHEL HERRERA-GUZMAN (a1) (a2), PETER BÖHM (a1) (a4), ELISENDA RODÉS (a1), ANA INÉS ANSALDO (a5) and JORDI PEÑA-CASANOVA (a1) (a4)...

Abstract

The objective of this study is to obtain preliminary normative data on the performance the Pyramids and Palm Trees Test (PPT) for a Spanish-speaking population. The effects of age, gender, and educational level on the PPT test were also analyzed. A total of 234 healthy participants, with a broad range of age (18–80 years) and education (1–20 years) performed the three-picture version of the PPT. The mean performance was 51.1 out of 52 possible points (SD = 1.3). PPT performance did not vary with age or gender. However, subjects with less than 6 years of formal education scored significantly lower than those with more than 6 years of education though this effect was confounded with age because the group with lower education was also older. Given the ceiling effects of the PPT, further investigation is needed to determine if the visual PPT is sensitive to mild semantic memory impairment. (JINS, 2008, 14, 148–151.)

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Semantic memory as assessed by the Pyramids and Palm Trees Test: The impact of sociodemographic factors in a Spanish-speaking population
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Semantic memory as assessed by the Pyramids and Palm Trees Test: The impact of sociodemographic factors in a Spanish-speaking population
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Semantic memory as assessed by the Pyramids and Palm Trees Test: The impact of sociodemographic factors in a Spanish-speaking population
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to: Jordi Peña-Casanova, MD, PhD, Section of Behavioral Neurology and Dementias, Hospital del Mar, Passeig Marítim 25–29, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain. E-mail: jpcasanova@imas.imim.es

References

Hide All

REFERENCES

Albanese, E., Capitani, E., Barbarotto, R., & Laiacona, M. (2000). Semantic category dissociations, familiarity and gender. Cortex, 36, 733746.
Böhm, P., Peña-Casanova, J., Aguilar, M., Hernández, C.G., Sol, J.M., Blesa, R., & NORMACODEM Group. (1998). Clinical Validity and Utility of the Interview for Deterioration of Daily Living in Dementia for Spanish-Speaking Communities. International Psychogeriatrics, 3, 261270.
Capitani, E., Laiacona, M., & Barbarotto, R. (1999). Gender affects word retrieval of certain categories in semantic fluency tasks. Cortex, 35, 273278.
Da Silva, C.G., Pettersson, K.M., Faisca, L., Ingvar, M., & Reis, A. (2004). The effects of literacy and education on the quantitative and qualitative aspects of semantic verbal fluency. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 26, 266277.
Eustache, F., Desgranes, B., Jacques, V., & Platel, H. (1998). Preservation of the attribute knowledge of concepts in normal aging groups. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 87, 11551162.
Fabbro, F. (2001). The bilingual brain: Cerebral representation of languages. Brain and Language, 79, 211222
Folstein, M.F., Folstein, S.E., & McHugh, P.R. (1975). Mini-Mental State: A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189198.
Hodges, J.R. & Patterson, K. (1995). Is semantic memory consistently impaired early in the course of Alzheimer Disease? Neuroanatomical and diagnostic implications. Neuropsychologia, 4, 441459.
Howard, D. & Patterson, K. (1992). The Pyramids and Palm Trees Test. A test of semantic access from words and pictures. Bury St. Edmunds, UK: Thames Valley Company.
Laver, G.D. & Burke, D.M. (1993). Why do semantic priming effects increase in old age? A meta-analysis. Psychology and Aging, 8, 3443.
Laws, K.R. (1999). Gender affects naming latencies for living and nonliving things: Implications for familiarity. Cortex, 35, 729733.
McKenna, P. & Parry, P. (1994). Category specificity in the naming of natural and man-made objects: Normative data from adult and children. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 4, 225281.
Nyberg, L.N., Rönlund, M.L., Dixon, R., Maitland, S.B., Bäckman, L., Wahin, A., & Nilsson, L.G. (2003). Selective adult age differences in age-invariant multifactor model of declarative memory. Psychology and Aging, 1, 149160.
Randolph, C., Lansing, A.E., Ivnik, R.J., Cullum, C.M., & Hermann, B.P. (1999). Determinants of confrontation naming performance. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 14, 489496.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed