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Interhemispheric Stroop effects in partial and complete agenesis of the corpus callosum

  • WARREN S. BROWN (a1) (a2), ELLEN D. THRASHER (a1) and LYNN K. PAUL (a1)

Abstract

Previous research had demonstrated diminished interhemispheric Stroop effects in individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC), suggesting an important role for the callosum in interhemispheric color-word and color-patch interactions. However, this outcome rested on the results of only 1 ACC participant, who had normal intelligence and a minimum of other neuropathology. In the research reported herein, the role of the corpus callosum in interhemispheric Stroop interference and facilitation was investigated in 9 individuals with complete or partial ACC and normal intelligence, and in non-ACC controls. Congruent, incongruent, or neutral stimulus pairs were presented either unilaterally (color-patch and color-word in the same visual field) or bilaterally (color-patch and color-word in different visual fields). Both unilateral and bilateral (interhemispheric) Stroop interference were found for both ACC and non-ACC groups, with no significant difference in magnitude, indicating that extracallosal pathways are sufficient for mediating this phenomenon. It is suggested that the anterior commissure is a more likely candidate for the interhemispheric transmission of the semantic information resulting in Stroop interference. (JINS, 2001, 7, 302–311.)

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Corresponding author

Reprint requests to: Warren S. Brown, Ph.D., The Travis Institute, Fuller Graduate School of Psychology, 180 N. Oakland Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91101. E-mail: wsbrown@fuller.edu

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