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Bilingualism and naming: Implications for cognitive assessment

  • ELLEN BIALYSTOK (a1) and FERGUS I.M. CRAIK (a2)

Abstract

The article by Gollan, Fennema-Notestine, Montoya, and Jernigan (2007, this issue) raises important issues about the, effects of bilingualism on naming test performance in older adults. In particular, proficiency in their two languages determines the ability with which older bilingual adults can name pictures in each of those languages. This observation is important if cognitive status is inferred from naming performance. In this commentary we largely endorse the arguments made by Gollan and colleagues, although we point to some limitations in their experimental design. (JINS, 2007, 13, 209–211.)

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to: Ellen Bialystok, Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, M3J 1P3, Canada. E-mail: ellenb@yorku.ca

References

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REFERENCES

Bialystok, E. (2001). Bilingualism in development: Language, literacy, and cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bialystok, E., Craik, F.I.M., Klein, R., & Viswanathan, M. (2004). Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: Evidence from the Simon task. Psychology and Aging, 19, 290303.
Bialystok, E., Craik, F.I.M., & Ryan, J. (2006). Executive control in a modified anti-saccade task: Effects of aging and bilingualism. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 32, 13411354.
Gollan, T.H. & Acenas, L.A. (2004). What is a TOT? Cognate and translation effects on tip-of-the-tongue states in Spanish-English and tagalog-English bilinguals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 30, 246269.
Gollan, T.H., Fennema-Notestine, C., Montoya, R.I., & Jernigan, T.L. (2007, this issue). The bilingual effect on Boston Naming Test performance. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 13, 197208.
Gollan, T.H., Montoya, R.I., Fennema-Notestine, C., & Morris, S.K. (2005). Bilingualism affects picture naming but not picture classification. Memory & Cognition, 33, 12201234.
Gollan, T.H., Montoya, R.I., & Werner, G. (2002). Semantic and letter fluency in Spanish-English bilinguals. Neuropsychology, 16, 562576.
Kaplan, E., Goodglass, H., & Weintraub, S. (1981). The Boston Naming Test. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.
Kroll, J.R. & de Groot, A. (Eds.). (2005). Handbook of Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Light, L.L. (1992). The organization of memory in old age. In F.I.M. Craik & T.A. Salthouse (Eds.), The Handbook of Aging and Cognition (pp. 111165). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Wingfield, A. & Stine-Morrow, E.A.L. (2000). Language and speech. In F.I.M. Craik & T.A. Salthouse (Eds.), The Handbook of Aging and Cognition (2nd ed.), (pp. 359416). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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Bilingualism and naming: Implications for cognitive assessment

  • ELLEN BIALYSTOK (a1) and FERGUS I.M. CRAIK (a2)

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