Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Attentional–inhibitory control and social–behavioral regulation after childhood closed head injury: Do biological, developmental, and recovery variables predict outcome?

  • MAUREEN DENNIS (a1) (a2), SHARON GUGER (a1), CAROLINE RONCADIN (a1), MARCIA BARNES (a1) (a3) and RUSSELL SCHACHAR (a4) (a5)...

Abstract

Attentional–inhibitory control and social–behavioral regulation are two outcome domains commonly impaired after childhood closed head injury (CHI). We compared neuropsychological tests of attentional–inhibitory control (vigilance, selective attention, response modulation) and social discourse and intentionality (inferencing, figurative language, and speech acts) with parent ratings of attention and behavioral regulation in relation to four injury- related variables: age at CHI, time since CHI, CHI injury severity, and frontal lobe injury moderated by CHI severity. Participants were 105 school-aged children in the chronic stage of CHI, divided into mild, moderate, and severe injury severity groups, and further subdivided according to frontal lobe injury. Outcome indices were imperfectly correlated in the group as a whole, although several relations between neurocognitive tests and parent ratings were observed within CHI subgroups. Different domains of cognitive function had different predictors. For attentional–inhibitory control, age at injury and time since injury were most predictive of outcome; for social discourse, predictors were injury severity and frontal lobe injury moderated by injury severity. Variability in cognitive outcome after childhood CHI is not random, but appears related to age, time, and biological features of the injury. (JINS, 2001, 7, 683–692.)

Copyright

Corresponding author

Reprint requests to: Maureen Dennis, Ph.D., Department of Psychology Research, Room 6278A, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada. E-mail: mdennis@sickkids.on.ca

Keywords

Attentional–inhibitory control and social–behavioral regulation after childhood closed head injury: Do biological, developmental, and recovery variables predict outcome?

  • MAUREEN DENNIS (a1) (a2), SHARON GUGER (a1), CAROLINE RONCADIN (a1), MARCIA BARNES (a1) (a3) and RUSSELL SCHACHAR (a4) (a5)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed