Let G be a connected Lie group with Lie algebra g and a1, …, ad an algebraic basis of g. Further let Ai denote the generators of left translations, acting on the Lp-spaces Lp(G; dg) formed with left Haar measure dg, in the directions ai. We consider second-order operators in divergence form corresponding to a quadratic form with complex coefficients, bounded Hölder continuous principal coefficients cij and lower order coefficients ci, c′ii, c0 ∈ L∞ such that the matrix C= (cij) of principal coefficients satisfies the subellipticity condition uniformly over G.
We discuss the hierarchy relating smoothness properties of the coefficients of H with smoothness of the kernel and smoothness of the domain of powers of H on the Lρ-spaces. Moreover, we present Gaussian type bounds for the kernel and its derivatives.
Similar theorems are proved for strongly elliptic operators in non-divergence form for which the principal coefficients are at least once differentiable.