Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Late Miocene (Messinian) Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from Carboneras, southeastern Spain

  • Stephen D. Cairns (a1)

Abstract

Fifteen species of stylasterids from the late Miocene (Messinian) are reported from the Carboneras region of southeastern Spain. Eleven of these species are described as new: Lepidopora fistulosa, Pliobothrus striatus, Pliobothrus nielseni, Distichopora patula, Stylaster (Group A) digitiformis, Stylaster multicavus, Stylaster tuberosus, Conopora forticula, Conopora alloporoides, Crypthelia zibrowii, and Crypthelia ingens. The other four have been identified as species previously described from the Recent fauna. On the basis of bathymetric ranges of similar living stylasterids and other associated fauna, the paleodepth of this fauna is estimated to be from the upper bathyal zone (200–600 m). All fossil stylasterid records, worldwide, are reviewed, resulting in four new combinations and the transfer of one species to the Bryozoa. The species reported herein increase the known number of named fossil stylasterids from 24 to 32 species.

UUID: http://zoobank.org/e9140758-847c-44cb-8223-302cc0a0a14d

Copyright

References

Hide All
Barrier, P., Zibrowius, H., Lozouet, P., Montenat, C., Ott d'Estevou, P., Serrano, F., and Soudet, H.-J., 1992, Une faune de fond du bathyal supérieur dans le Miocène terminal des Cordillères Bétiques (Carboneras, SE Espagne): Mésogée, v. 51, p. 313.
Bernecker, M., and Weidlich, O., 1990, The Danian (Paleocene) coral limestone of Fakse, Denmark: A model for ancient aphotic, azooxanthellate coral mounds: Facies, v. 22, p. 103138.
Bordet, P., Montenat, C., Ott d'Estevou, , and Vachard, D., 1982, La “brèche rouge” de Carboneras, un olistostrome volcano-sédimentaire tortonien (Cordillères Bétiques orientales—Espagne): Mèmoires Géologiques de l'Université de Dijon, v. 7, p. 285300.
Boschma, H., 1951a, Notes on Hydrocorallia: Zoologische Verhandelingen, v. 13, p. 149.
Boschma, H., 1951b, Notes on Stylasterina (Hydrocorallia): Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlanse Akademie van Wetenschappen, ser. C, v. 54, p. 451458.
Boschma, H., 1953, Notes on specimens of Stylaster mooraboolensis (Hall) in the collection of the Manchester Museum: Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlanse Akademie van Wetenschappen, ser. B, v. 56, p. 355363.
Boschma, H., 1957, List of the described species of the order Stylasterina: Zoologische Verhandelingen, v. 33, p. 172.
Boschma, H., 1964, Errina (Lepidopora) decipiens, a new stylasterine coral from the West Indies: Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlanse Akademie van Wetenschappen, ser. C, v. 67, p. 5563.
Boschma, H., 1968, Calyptopora reticulata n. g., n. sp., a stylasterine coral from deep water in the New Zealand region: Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlanse Akademie van Wetenschappen, ser. C, v. 71, p. 99108.
Broch, H., 1942, Investigations of Stylasteridae (Hydrocorals): Skrifter utgitt av Norske Videnskaps-Akaddemi I Oslo. 1. Matematisk-Naturvidenskapelig Klasse, v. 3, p. 1113.
Cairns, S.D., 1983a, Antarctic and subantarctic Stylasterina (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa): Antarctic Research Series, v. 38, p. 61163.
Cairns, S.D., 1983b, A generic revision of the Stylasterina (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Part 1. Description of the genera: Bulletin of Marine Science, v. 33, p. 427508.
Cairns, S.D., 1983c, Observations on species of the fossil genus Axopora (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa) and its evolutionary significance to the Stylasteridae: Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, v. 96, p. 758769.
Cairns, S.D., 1986, A revision of the northwest Atlantic Stylasteridae (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa): Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, v. 418, p. 1131.
Cairns, S.D., 1991, The marine fauna of New Zealand: Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydroida): New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir, v. 98, p. 1179.
Cairns, S.D., 1992, A generic revision of the Stylasteridae (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Part 3. Keys to the genera: Bulletin of Marine Science, v. 49, p. 538545.
Cairns, S.D., 1995, New records of azooxanthellate stony corals (Cnidaria: Scleractinia and Stylasteridae) from the Neogene of Panama and Costa Rica: Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, v. 108, p. 533550.
Cairns, S.D., 2011, Global diversity of the Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Athecatae): PLoS One, v. 67, p. 113.
Cairns, S.D., 2015, Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian region: Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle, v. 207, p. 1361.
Cairns, S.D., and Grant-Mackie, J.A., 1993, Review of the fossil Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from the New Zealand region: New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, v. 36, p. 18.
Cairns, S. D., and Lindner, A., 2011, A revision of the Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Filifera) from Alaska and adjacent waters: ZooKeys, v. 158, p. 188.
Cairns, S.D., and Zibrowius, H., 2013, Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Filifera) from South Africa: Zootaxa, v. 3691, p. 157.
Cornelius, P.F.S., 1992, Medusa loss in leptolid Hydrozoa (Cnidaria), hydroid rafting, and abbreviated life-cycles among their remote-island faunae: An interim review, in Bouillon, J., Boero, F., Cicogna, J.M., and Hughes, G., eds., Aspects of Hydrozoan Biology: Scientia Marina, v. 56, p. 245–261.
deFrance, J.L.M., 1826, Polypiers: Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles, Strasbourg & Paris, v. 42, p. 377398.
Durham, J.W., 1942, Eocene and Oligocene coral faunas of Washington: Journal of Paleontology, v. 16, p. 84104.
Eguchi, M., 1954, Coelenterata, in Kobayashi, T., et al. , eds., Textbook of Paleontology: Tokyo, Asakura Book Publishing Company, p. 79.
Eguchi, M., 1968, The hydrocorals of Sagami Bay, in Eguchi, M., ed., The Hydrocorals and Scleractinian Corals of Sagami Bay: Tokyo, Maruzen Co., p. 153.
Fisher, W.K., 1938, Hydrocorals of the North Pacific Ocean: Proceedings of the United States National Museum, v. 84, p. 493554.
Gray, J.E., 1831, Description of a new genus (Stylaster) of star-bearing corals in Gray, J.E., Zoological Miscellany: London, Treuttel, Wurtz, and Co., p. 3637.
Gray, J.E., 1847, An outline of the arrangement of stony corals: The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 1, v. 19, p. 120128.
Hall, T.S., 1893, On two new Tertiary stylasterids: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, v. 5, p. 117122.
Hall, T.S., 1898, Stylasteridae from the Victorian Tertiaries: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, new series, v. 10, p. 175179.
Hickson, S.J., and England, H.M., 1909, The Stylasterina of the Indian Ocean: Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London, v. 12, p. 345354.
Jell, J.S., Cook, A.G, and Jell, P.A., 2011, Australian Cretaceous Cnidaria and Porifera: Alcheringa, v. 35, p. 241284.
Johnson, J.Y., 1862, Description of some new corals from Madeira: Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, v. 1862, p. 194197.
Kent, W.S., 1870, On a new genus of the Madreporaria or stony corals (Stenohelia): Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 4, v. 5, p. 120123.
Krautworst, U.M.R., and Brachert, T.C., 2003, Sedimentary facies during early stages of flooding in an extensional basin: The Brèche Rouge de Carboneras (late Miocene, Almería/SE Spain): International Journal of Earth Science, v. 92, p. 610623.
Kühn, A., 1913, Entwicklungsgeschichte und Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen der Hydrozoen. I teil. Die Hydroiden: Ergebnisse und Fortschritte der Zoologie, v. 4, p. 1284.
Lamarck, J.B.P.A., 1816, Histoire Naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres, part 2, Histoire des polypes: Paris, J.B. Baillière, 568 p.
Lindner, A., Cairns., S.D., and Cunningham, C.W., 2008, From offshore to onshore: Multiple origins of shallow-water corals from deep-sea ancestors: PLoS One, v. 3, p. 16.
Linnaeus, C., 1767, Systema naturae, edito duodecima, reformata, Volume 1: Holmiae, Salvii, p. 5331327.
Milne Edwards, H., and Haime, J., 1849, Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant à la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermédiaire des Pseudoastréides et à la famille des Fongides: Comptes rendu de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, v. 29, p. 6773.
Montenat, C., and Merle, D., 2018, Stratotype Danien: Paris, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 480 p.
Montenat, C., Ott d'Estevou, P., Chapelle, G. de la, 1990, Le bassin de Nijar-Carboneras et le couloir du Bas-Andarax, in Montenat, C., ed., Les Nassin Néogènes du domaine Bétique oriental (Espagne): Documents et Travaux IGAL, v. 12–13, p. 129164.
Moseley, H.N., 1876, Preliminary note on the structure of the Stylasteridae, a group of stony corals which, like the Milleporidae, are hydroids, and not anthozoans: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, v. 25, p. 93101.
Moseley, H.N., 1879, On the structure of the Stylasteridae, a family of the hydroid stony corals: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, v. 169, p. 425503.
Moseley, H.N., 1881, Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876: Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the Years 1873–76: Zoology, v. 2, p. 1248.
Nielsen, K.B., 1919, En Hydrocoralfauna fra Faxe og Bemaerkninger om Danien'ets geologiske Stilling: Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse, ser. 4, v. 1, p. 166.
Owen, R., 1843, Lectures on the Comparative Anatomy and Physiology: London, Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 392 p.
Pallas, P.S., 1766, Elenchus Zoophytorum: Hagae Comitum, 451 p.
Pourtalès, L.F., 1867, Contributions to the fauna of the Gulf Stream at great depths: Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, v. 1, p. 103120.
Pourtalès, L.F., 1868, Contributions to the fauna of the Gulf Stream at great depths: Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, v. 1, p. 121142.
Pourtalès, L.F., 1871, Deep-sea corals: Illustrated Catalog of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, v. 1, p. 193.
Reuss, A.E., 1865, Zur Fauna des deustchen Oberoligocäns (Zweite Abtheilung): Sitzungsberichte der mathematisch-naturwissenschaftichen Classe der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, ser. 1, v. 50, p. 614691.
Reuss, A.E., 1872, Die fossilen Korallen des österreichisch-ungarischen Miocäns: Denkschriften der mathematisch-naturwissenschaftichen Classe der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, v. 31, p. 197270.
Römer, F., 1863, Die Polyparien des norddeutschen Tertibär-Gebirges: Palaeontographica, v. 9, p. 199245.
Schuchert, P., 2019, World Hydrozoa Database: http://www.marinespecies.org/hydrozoa (accessed November 2019).
Sismonda, E., 1871, Matériaux pour servir à la Paléontologie du terrain tertiaire du Piémont: Memoire della Accademia delle Science de Torino, ser. 2, v. 25, p. 257361.
Squires, D.F., 1958, The Cretaceous and Tertiary corals of New Zealand: New Zealand Geological Survey, Paleontology Bulletin, v. 29, p. 1107.
Squires, D.F., 1962, Additional Cretaceous and Tertiary corals from New Zealand: Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand (Geology), v. 1, p. 133150.
Squires, D.F., 1965, A new species of Pliobothrus, a hydrocoral from the Oligocene of New Zealand: Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, v. 3, p. 2325.
Stolarski, J., 1998, Conopora (Stylasteridae, Hydrozoa) from the Eocene of Seymour Island: Antarctic Science, v. 10, p. 487492.
Studer, T., 1878, Übersicht der Steinkorallen aus der Familie de Madreporaria aporosa, Eupsammina und Turbinaria, welche auf der Reise S. M. S. Gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden: Monatsbericht der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, v. 1877, p. 625654.
Tenison-Woods, J.E., 1880, Corals and Bryozoa of the Neozoic Period in New Zealandin Tenison-Woods, J.E., Palaeontology of New Zealand, Part 4: Wellington, Didsbury, p. 733.
Tornquist, A., 1905, Über eine eocäne Fauna der Westküste von Madagaskar: Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, v. 27, p. 321338.
Wells, J.W., 1977, Eocene Corals from Eua, Tonga: Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 640-G, p. G1–G18.
Zibrowius, H., and Cairns, S.D., 1992, Revision of the Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa): Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle, ser. A, Zoologie, v. 153, p. 1136.
Zibrowius, H., and Voigt, R., 1993, Ein Faksekalk-Geschiebe (Danium, Unter-Paläozän) aus der Umgebung von Hamburg mit Stylasteriden (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa): Archiven Geschiebekde, v. 1, p. 359368.
Zibrowius, H., Barrier, P., Bouchet, P., Lozouet, P., Montenat, C., and Ott d'Estevou, P., 1990, La faune de l'olisostrome la “brèche rouge” de Carboneras (Cordillères Bétiques, Espagne): Global Events and Neogene Evolution of the Mediterranean, IXth Congress R.C.M.N.S., Abstracts, p. 379–380.

Late Miocene (Messinian) Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from Carboneras, southeastern Spain

  • Stephen D. Cairns (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed