Skip to main content Accessibility help

A Kungurian (Early Permian) Panthalassan brachiopod fauna from Hatahoko in the Mino Belt, central Japan

  • Shu-Zhong Shen (a1), Junichi Tazawa (a2) and Yukio Miyake (a3)


Twelve brachiopod species are described from the Cisuralian (Early Permian) Kungurian horizon of a large limestone block in the Middle Jurassic accretionary complex at Hatahoko in the Mino Belt, central Japan. Most species of the Hatahoko fauna are known from the Kungurian to lowest Guadalupian (Middle Permian) of West Texas, U.S.A. The Kungurian age is also indicated by the associated conodonts in the same limestone block. The Hatahoko brachiopod fauna, as well as some other previously-reported Guadalupian brachiopod faunas, exhibits a very strong paleobiogeographical affinity with the faunas in West Texas, U.S.A. Therefore it can be interpreted as a fauna which inhabited reef-seamount complexes close to North America in the mid-equatorial region of the Panthalassa in the late Early Permian, rifted westwards thousands of kilometers, and finally accreted onto the Japanese Island when the Western Pacific Plate subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate during the Jurassic.



Hide All
Angiolini, L., Carabelli, L., and Gateni, M. 2005. Middle Permian brachiopods from Greece and their palaeobiogeographical significance: new evidence for a Gondwanan affinity of the Chios Island upper unit. Journal of systematic Palaeontology, 3:169185.
Archbold, N. W. and Shi, G. R. 1996. Western Pacific Permian marine invetebrate palaeobiogeography. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 43:635641.
Bando, Y., Bhatt, D. K., Gupta, V. J., Hayashi, S., Kozur, H., Nakazawa, K., Wang, Z. H., and Gupta, V. J. 1982. Some remarks on the conodont zonation and stratigraphy of the Permian. Recent researches in geology, 153.
Behnken, F. H. 1975. Leonardian and Guadalupian (Permian) conodont biostratigraphy in western and southwestern United States. Journal of Paleontology, 49:284315.
Broili, F. 1916. Die Permischen Brachiopoden von Timor, p. 1104. In Wanner, J. (ed.), Paläontologie von Timor, vol. 7. Stuttgart.
Bronn, H. G. 1862. Die Klassen und Ordnungen der Weichthiere. Leipzig and Heidelberg, Malacozoa, 518 p.
Brunton, C. H. C., Lazarev, S. S., Grant, R. E., and Jin, Y. G. 2000. Productidina, p. 424618. In Kaesler, R. L., (ed.), Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part H, Brachiopoda, revised, vol. 3. Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.
Chao, Y. T. 1927. Productidae of China, Part 1; Producti. Palaeontologia Sinica, Series B, 5:1206.
Cooper, G. A. 1942. New genera of North American brachiopods. Journal of Washington Academy of Sciences, 32:228235.
Cooper, G. A. and Grant, R. E. 1969. New Permian brachiopods from West Texas. Smithsonian contribution to Paleobiology, no. 1:120.
Cooper, G. A. and Grant, R. E. 1974. Permian brachiopods of West Texas, II. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, no. 15:233793.
Cooper, G. A. and Grant, R. E. 1975. Permian brachiopods of West Texas, III. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, no. 19:7951921.
Cooper, G. A. and Grant, R. E. 1976. Permian brachiopods of West Texas V. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, no. 24:26093159.
Ding, Y. J. and Xia, G. Y. 1996. Biostratigraphic division and correlation of the Shazitang Formation, Longyin Formation and Baomoshan Formation of Guizhou Province with remarks about the boundary of Carboniferous–Permian. Journal of the Geological and Mineral Resources of North China, 11:3135.
Fang, R. S. 1983. The Early Permian Brachiopoda from Xiaoxinzhai of Gengma Yunnan and its Geological Significance. Contribution to the Geology of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau, no. 11:93119.
Fischer de Waldheim, G. 1825. Notice sur la Choristite, genre de Coquilles bivalves fossiles du gouvernement de Moscou. Programme d'Invitation à la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou:111.
Fredericks, G. N. 1924. Ussuriiskii verkhnii paleozoi. I. Brachiopoda (upper Paleozoic of the Ussuriland, I: Brachiopoda). Materialy po Geologii i Poleznym Iskopaemym Dal'nego Vostoka, 28:153.
Gemmellaro, G. G. 1892. Sopra due famiglie di Brachiopodi (Strophomenidae e Productidae) provenienti dai calcari con Fusulina della valle del fiume Sosio nella Provincia di Palermo. Societa di Scienze Naturali ed Economiche di Palermo, Bollettino, 3:2327.
Grant, R. E. 1976. Permian brachiopods from southern Thailand. Journal of Paleontology, Memoir 9, 50, Suppl. no. 3:1269.
Grant, R. E. 1993. Permian brachiopods from Khios Island, Greece. Journal of Paleontology, 67, Suppl. 4:121.
Gray, J. E. 1840. Synopsis of the contents of the British Museum, 42nd ed., London, 370 p.
Hattori, I. and Hirooka, K. 1979. Paleomagnetic results from Permian greenstones in central Japan and their geologic significance. Tectonophysics, 57:340353.
Hayasaka, I. 1963. Some Permian fossils of southern Kitakami. IV. Brachiopod Superfamily Orthotetacea Williams. Proceedings of the Japan Academy, 39:753757.
Hayasaka, I. and Minato, M. 1956. Some brachiopods from the Lower Kanokura Series of the Kitakami Mountains, Japan. Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan, 21:141147.
He, X. L. and Zhu, M. L. 1979. A new form of brachiopods and its systematical classification. Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, no. 4:131140.
Henderson, C. M. and Mei, S. L. 2003. Stratigraphic versus environmental significance of Permian serrated conodonts around the Cisuralian-Guadalupian boundary: new evidence from Oman. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 191:301328.
Igo, H. 1981. Permian conodont biostratigraphy of Japan. Special Papers, Palaeontological Society of Japan, 24:151.
Jaekel, O. M. J. 1902. Ueber verschiedene Wege phylogenetischer Entwickelung, p. 10581117, Verhandlungen des V Internationalen Zoologen-Congresses zu Berlin, 12-16 August 1901. Jena, Gustav Fischer, Berlin.
Jin, Y. G., Wardlaw, B. R., Glenister, B. F., and Kotlyar, C. V. 1997. Permian chronostratigraphic subdivisions. Episodes, 20:610.
Kiessling, W., Flügel, E., and Golonka, J. 1999. Paleoreef maps: Evaluation of a comprehensive database on Phanerozoic reefs. AAPG Bulletin, 83:15521587.
King, R. E. 1931. The geology of the Glass Mountains, Texas; Part II, Faunal summary and correlation of the Permian formations, with description of Brachiopoda. University of Texas Bulletin, 3042:1245.
Kozur, H. 1993. Gullodus n. gen., a new conodont genus and remarks to the pelagic Permian and Triassic of western Sicily. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt Wien, 136:7787.
Kutzbach, J. E., Guetter, P. J., and Washington, W. M. 1990. Simulated circulation of an idealized ocean for Pangaean time. Paleoceanography, 5:299317.
Mei, S. L., Henderson, C. M., and Wardlaw, B. R. 2002. Evolution and distribution of the conodont Sweetognathus and Iranognathus and related genera during the Permian, and their implications for climate changes. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 180:5791.
Mizutani, S. 1990. Mino Terane, p. 121135. In Ichikawa, K., Mizutani, S., Hara, I., Hada, S., and Yao, A. (eds.), Pre-Cretaceous terranes of Japan. Publication of IGCP 224, Nippon Insatsu Shuppan, Osaka.
Moore, R. C. 1952. Brachiopoda, p. 197267. In Moore, R. C., Lalicker, C. G., and Fischer, A. G., Invertebrate fossils. McGraw-Hill, New York.
Muir-Wood, H. M. 1955. A history of the classification of the Phylum Brachiopoda. British Museum Natural History, London, 124 p.
Muir-Wood, H. M. 1962. On the morphology and classification of the brachiopod Suborder Chonetoidea. British Museum Natural History, London, 132 p.
Muir-Wood, H. M. and Cooper, G. A. 1960. Morphology, classification and life habits of the Productoidea (Brachiopoda). GeologicalSociety of America, Memoir, 81:1447.
Mundy, D. J. C. and Brunton, C. H. C. 1985. Morphological similarities in some British Dinantian and Texas Permian reef brachiopods. International Congress on Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Geology, Urbana, Compte Rendu, 9:225232.
Nakamura, K. 1972. Permian Davidsoniacea from the southern Kitakami Mountains, Japan. Journal of Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Geology and Mineralogy, Ser. 4, 15:361426.
Newell, N. D., Chronic, J., and Roberts, T. G. 1949. Upper Paleozoic of Peru. Columbia University, New York, 241 p.
Newell, N. D., Chronic, J., and Roberts, T. G. 1953. Upper Paleozoic of Peru. Geological Society of America, Memoir, 58:1276.
Niwa, M. 2004. Lithology, structure and correlation of the Hirayu Complex in the Mino Belt of the Takayama area, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 110:439451. (In Japanese).
Otsuka, T. 1988. Paleozoic-Mesozoic sedimentary complex in the eastern Mino Terrane, Central Japan and its Jurassic tectonism. Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 31:63122.
Ozawa, Y. 1927. Stratigraphical studies of the Fusulina Limestone of Akasaka, Province of Mino. Journal of Faculty Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, Series 2, 2:121164.
Racheboeuf, P. R. 2000. Chonetidina, p. 362423. In Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, vol. 2. Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.
Reimers, A. N. 1991. Nizhnepermskiye konodonty Pamira i Darvaza. Bulleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytateley Prirody, Otdel Geologicheskiy, 66:5972.
Reimers, A. M. 1999. Lower Permian conodonts of Ural, Precaspian and Pamir. Palaeontological Institute of Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, vol. 217, 212 p.
Ritter, S. M. 1986. Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of post-Early Permian crisis bisselli-whitei Zone conodonts with comments on late Paleozoic diversity. Geologica et Palaeontologica, 20:139165.
Rohr, D. M., Wardlaw, B. R., Rudine, S. E., Haneef, M., Hall, A. J., and Grant, R. E. 2000. Guidebook to the Gadalupian Symposium. Smithsonian contribution to the Earth Sciences, no. 32:536.
Sano, H. and Kanmera, K. 1996. Microbial control on Panthalassan Carboniferous-Permian oceanic buildups. Facies, 34:239256.
Sano, H. and Kojima, S. 2000. Carboniferous to Jurassic oceanic rocks of Mino-Tamba-Ashio terrane, southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Geological Society of Japan, no. 55:123144. (In Japanese).
Sarytcheva, T. G. and Sokolskaja, A. N. 1959. On the classification of the pseudopunctate brachiopods. Doklady Akademia Nauk SSSR, 125:181184. (In Russian).
Sarytcheva, T. G., Licharew, B. K., and Sokolskaja, A. N. 1960. Mshanki, Brakhiopody (Bryozoa, Brachiopoda), p. 113343. In Orlov, Y. A. (ed.), Osnovy Paleontologii, vol. 7. Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, Moscow. (In Russian).
Schellwien, E. 1900. Beiträge zur systematik der Strophomeniden des oberen Paläozoicum. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1900:115.
Schuchert, C. 1913. Brachiopoda, p. 355420. In von Zittel, D. A. (ed.), Textbook of paleontology I, 2nd ed. MacMillan and Co., London.
Schuchert, C. and Cooper, G. A. 1932. Brachiopod genera of the suborders Orthoidea and Pentameroidea. Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 4:1270.
Schuchert, C. and LeVene, C. M. 1929. Fossilium catalogus. 1: Animalia, pt. 42: Brachiopoda. W. Junk, Berlin, 140 p.
Shen, S. Z. and He, X. L. 1994. Changhsingian brachiopod from Guiding, Guizhou. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 33:440454.
Shen, S. Z. and Shi, G. R. 2007. Lopingian (Late Permian) brachiopods from South China, Part 1: Orthotetida, Orthida and Rhynchonellida. Bulletin of the Tohoku University Museum, no. 6:1102.
Shen, S. Z., Tazawa, J., and Shi, G. R. 1999. Peltichia from Asia: Taxonomy, biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography. Journal of Paleontology, 73:4761.
Shen, S. Z., Xie, J. F., Zhang, H., and Shi, G. R. 2009. Roadian-Wordian (Guadalupian, Middle Permian) global palaeobiogeography of brachiopods. Global and Planetary Change, 65:166181.
Shi, G. R. and Waterhouse, J. B. 1996. Lower permian brachiopods and molluscs from the upper Jungle Creek Formaiton, Northern Yukon Territory, Canada. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 424, 241 p.
Stehli, F. G. 1954. Lower Leonardian Brachiopoda of the Sierra Diablo. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 105:263385.
Tazawa, J. 1997. Coscinophora (Permian Brachiopoda) from the Akasaka Limestone, Mino Belt, Central Japan and itsi palaeobiogeographical significance. Earth Science (Chikyu Kagaku), 51:447451.
Tazawa, J. 2004. The strike-slip model: a synthesis on the origin and tectonic evolution of the Japanese Islands. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 110:503517. (In Japanese).
Tazawa, J. and Shen, S. Z. 1997. Middle Permian brachiopods from Hiyomo, Mino Belt, central Japan: their provincial relationship with North America. Science Report of Niigata University, Series E, Geology and Mineralogy, no. 12:117.
Tazawa, J. and Takakuwa, Y. 2009. Eolyttonia (Lyttonioidea, Brachiopoda) from Kiryu, central Japan. Bulletin of Gunma Museum of Natural History, 13:2933.
Tazawa, J., Ono, T., and Hori, M. 1998. Two Permian lyttoniid brachiopods from Akasaka, central Japan. Paleontological Research, 2:239245.
Termier, G., Termier, H., de Lapparent, A. F., and Marin, P. 1974. Monographie du Permo-Carbonifere de Wardak (Afghanistan central). Documents des Laboratoires de Geologie, Lyon, Hors Serie, 2:1167.
Waagen, W. 1883. Salt Range fossils, vol. I, Productus Limestone fossils, Brachiopoda. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Palaeontologia Indica, Series 13, 4:391546.
Waagen, W. 1884. Salt Range fossils, vol. I, Productus Limestone fossils, Brachiopoda. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Palaeontologia Indica, Series 13, 4:547728.
Waagen, W. 1885. Salt Range fossils, vol. I, Productus Limestone fossils, Brachiopoda. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Palaeontologia Indica, Series 13, 4:729770.
Waterhouse, J. B. and Piyasin, S. 1970. Mid-Permian brachiopods from Khao Phrik, Thailand. Palaeontographica Abt. A, 135:83197.
Williams, A. 1953. The classification of the strophomenoid brachiopods. Washington Academy of Sciences, Journal, 43:113.
Williams, A. and Brunton, C. H. C. 2000. Orthotetidina, p. 644680. In Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, vol. 2. Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.
Williams, A. and Harper, D. A. T. 2000. Orthida, p. 714846. In Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, vol. 2. Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.
Williams, A., Harper, D. A. T., and Grant, R. E. 2000. Lyttoniidina, p. 619642. In Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, vol. 2. Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS.
Yang, D. L. 1991. The brachiopod fauna of Early Permian Early Qixia Stage, Yishan Area, Guangxi and its Significance. Bulletin of the Yichang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, 17:8192.
Youngquist, W. L., Hawley, R. W., and Miller, A. K. 1951. Phosphoria conodonts from southeastern Idaho. Journal of Paleontology, 25:356364.
Ziegler, A. M., Hulver, M. L., and Rowley, D. B. 1997. Permian world topography and climate, p. 111146. In Martin, I. P. (ed.), Late glacial and postglacial environmental changes—Quaternary, Carboniferous-Permian and Proterozoic. Oxford University Press, New York.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed