Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Fossil sponges from a localized cold-seep limestone in Oligocene rocks of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington

  • J. Keith Rigby (a1) and James L. Goedert (a2)

Abstract

A limited fauna of relatively simple, thin-walled, hexactinellid sponges, including moderately coarse-textured, funnellike Hexactinella(?) conica new species, fine-textured, tubular to branched Hexactinella(?) tubula new species, fragments of delicate Eurete goederti(?) Rigby and Jenkins, 1983, and Farrea(?) species, has been found in the Oligocene Lincoln Creek Formation on Canyon River, in the southcentral part of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. These sponges dominate a chemosynthetic invertebrate assemblage that included the gastropod Provanna antigua Squires, 1995; the polyplacophoran Leptochiton alveolus (Lovén, 1846), and radiolarians. Most of the sponges are preserved as silica in a localized cherty and botryoidal, calcareous cement-filled limestone formed at bathyal depths by bacterial oxidation of methane at a cold seep. This is the third known report of sponges from ancient chemosynthetic deposits.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bowerbank, J. S. 1862. On the anatomy and physiology of the Spongiadae, Parts 2, 3. Philosophial Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 152:747836, 1087-1135.
Carter, H. J. 1885. Report on a collection of marine sponges from Japan, made by Dr. J. Anderson, F. R. S. Superintendent, Indian Museum, Calcutta. Annales and Magazine of Natural History, (4)15:387405.
Desbruyères, D., Alayse-Danet, A-M., Ohta, S., and the Scientific Parties of Biolau and Starmer Cruises. 1994. Deep-sea hydrothermal communities in Southwestern Pacific back-arc basins (the North Fiji and Lau Basins): Composition, microdistribution and food web. Marine Biology, 116:227242.
Goedert, J. L., and Squires, R. L. 1990. Eocene deep-sea communities in localized limestones formed by subduction-related methane seeps, southwestern Washington. Geology, 18:11821185.
Goedert, J. L., and Squires, R. L. 1993. First Oligocene records of Calyptogena (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae). The Veliger, 36:7277.
Grassle, J. F. 1984. Animals in soft sediments near hydrothermal vents. Oceanus, 27:6366.
Ijima, I. 1927. Hexactinellida of the Siboga Expeditions. Siboga Expeditie. Weber, M. (ed.), Uitkomstem op zoologisch, botanisch oceanographisch et geologisch gebeid versameld in Nederlands Oost-Indie, 1899-1900. E. J. Brill, Leiden, 6, 138 p.
Kulm, L. D., and Suess, E. 1990. Relationship between carbonate deposits and fluid venting: Oregon accretionary prism. Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, B6:88998915.
Le Pichon, X., Foucher, J-P., Boulègue, J., Henry, P., Lallemant, S., Benedetti, M., Avednik, F., and Marriotti, A. 1990. Mud volcano field seaward of the Barbados accretionary complex: a submersible survey. Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, B6:89318943.
Lovén, S. L. 1846. Index molluscorum litora Scandinaviae occidentalia habitantium. Kungliga Vetenskaps-Akademien Förhandlingar Stockholm, 3:134160.
MacDonald, I. R., Boland, G. S., Baker, J. S., Brooks, J. M., Kennicutt, M. C. II, and Bidigare, R. R. 1989. Gulf of Mexico hydrocarbon seep communities II. Spatial distribution of seep organisms and hydrocarbons at Bush Hill. Marine Biology, 101:235247.
Moore, E. J. 1963. Miocene marine mollusks from the Astoria Formation of Oregon. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 419, 109 p.
Prothero, D. R., and Armentrout, J. M. 1985. Magnetostratigraphic correlation of the Lincoln Creek Formation, Washington: implications for the age of the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. Geology, 13:208211.
Rau, W. W. 1966. Stratigraphy and Foraminifera of the Satsop River area, southern Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Washington Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin, 53, 66 p.
Reid, R. E. H. 1958-1964. A monograph of the Upper Cretaceous Hexactinellida of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Palaeontographical Society, London. 1958a, Pt. I, p.ixlvi; 1958b, Pt. II, p. xlvii-xlviii, 1-26; 1961, Pt. Ill, p. 27-48; 1964, Pt. IV, p. xlix-cliv.
Reid, R. E. H. 1963. Notes on a classification of the Hexactinosa. Journal of Paleontology, 37:218231.
Rigby, J. K., and Gosney, T. C. 1983. First reported Triassic lyssakid sponges from North America. Journal of Paleontology, 57:787796.
Rigby, J. K., and Jenkins, D. E. 1983. The Tertiary sponges Aphrocallistes and Eurete from Western Washington and Oregon. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science, 344, 13 p.
Schmidt, O. 1870. Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des Atlantischen Gebietes. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, p. 1921, 24-25.
Schrammen, A. 1903. Zur systematik der Kieselspongien. Mitteillungen aus dem Roemer-Museum, Hildesheim, 19:121.
Schrammen, A. 1912. Die Keiselspongien der oberen Kreide von Nordwestdeutschland, II Teil, Triaxonia (Hexactinellida). Palaeontographica, Supplement, 5:177385.
Semper, C. 1868. Einige neue Kieselschwämme der Phillippinen. Verhandlungen, Physikalischen-Medizinische Gesellschaft, in Würzburg, 1:2930.
Squires, R. L. 1995. First fossil species of the chemosynthetic-community gastropod Provanna: Localized cold-seep limestones in upper Eocene and Oligocene rocks, Washington. The Veliger, 38:3036.
Squires, R. L., and Goedert, J. L. 1995. An extant species of Leptochiton (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) in Eocene and Oligocene cold-seep limestones, Olympic Peninsula, Washington. The Veliger, 38:4753.
Schulze, F. E. 1885. The Hexactinellida, p. 437451. In Tizard, T. H., Moseley, H. W., Buchanan, M. A., and Murray, J., Narrative of the cruise at H.M.S. Challenger with a general account of the scientific results of the expedition. Reports on the Scientific Results of the voyage H.M.S. Challenger during 1873-1876, Narrative, Volume 1, Part 1.
Schulze, F. E. 1887. Ueber den Bau und das System der Hexactinelliden. Abhandlung der Königlich Akademie der Wissenschaften für 1886, Berlin, 35 p.
Suess, E., Carson, B., Ritger, S. D., Moore, J. C., Jones, M. L., Kulm, L. D., and Cochrane, G. R. 1985. Biological communities at vent sites along the subduction zone off Oregon, p. 475484. In Jones, M. L. (ed.), Hydrothermal vents of the eastern Pacific: an overview. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, 6, 547 p.
Vacelet, J., and Boury-Esnault, N. 1995. Carnivorous sponges. Nature, 373:333335.
Zittel, K. A. 1877. Studien über fossile Spongien. I. Hexactinellidae. Abhandlugen der Königliche Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Physicalischen Klass, 13(1):163.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Fossil sponges from a localized cold-seep limestone in Oligocene rocks of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington

  • J. Keith Rigby (a1) and James L. Goedert (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.