Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-6f8dk Total loading time: 0.218 Render date: 2021-03-05T17:48:01.952Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

The first early Silurian brachiopod fauna from the Iberian Peninsula

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 July 2015

E. Villas
Departamento de Geología (Paleontología), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
L. R. M. Cocks
Department of Palaeontology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, U.K.


A Lower Silurian (Llandovery) shelly fauna is described; the first from the Iberian Peninsula. It is dated as late Llandovery (early Telychian) by Stricklandia aff. laevis and is overlain by a late Telychian conodont fauna. The fauna is from the volcaniclastic El Castro Formation, Viodo Limestone Member, north of Viodo, Asturias, northern Spain. There are seven common and five rarer brachiopods, including the new taxa Asturorthis sarreoensis new genus and species, Mendacella cantabrica new species, Katastrophomena truyolsi new species, Viodostrophia alcaldei new genus and species, Stegerhynchus juliverti new species, and Fenestrirostra? viodoensis new species.

Research Article
Copyright © The Paleontological Society 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.


Aldridge, R. J., and Schönlaub, H. 1989. Silurian fossils in stratigraphy. Conodonts, p. 274279. In Holland, C.H. and Basset, M. G. (eds.), A Global Standard for the Silurian System. National Museum of Wales Geological series, 9.Google Scholar
Aldridge, R. J., Dorning, K., and Jeppsson, L. 1993. Early Silurian oceanic episodes and events. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 150:501513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Amsden, T. W. 1974. Late Ordovician and Early Silurian articulate brachiopods from Oklahoma, south-western Illinois, and eastern Missouri. Oklahoma Geological Survey Bulletin, 119, 154 p.Google Scholar
Aramburu, C. 1989. El Cambro-ordovícico de la Zona Cantábrica (N.O. de España). Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oviedo, 530 p.Google Scholar
Armstrong, H. A. 1990. Conodonts from the Upper Ordovician-Lower Silurian carbonate platform of North Greenland. Gr⊘nlands Geologiske Undersogelse, 159:1151.Google Scholar
Bancroft, B. B. 1928. On the Notational Representaton of the Ribsystem in Orthacea. Memoirs and Proceeding of the Manchester Literary & Philosophical Society, 72:5390Google Scholar
Bancroft, B. B. 1949. Welsh Valentian brachiopods and the Strophomena antiquata group of fossil brachiopods. Lamont, A. (ed.), Privately printed, Mexborough, 16 pp.Google Scholar
Basset, M. G. 1972. The articulate brachiopods from the Wenlock Series of the Welsh Borderland and South Wales, part 2. Palaeontographical Society (Monographs):2778.Google Scholar
Basset, M. G. 1974. The articulate brachiopods from the Wenlock Series of the Welsh Borderland and South Wales, part 3. Palaeontographical Society (Monographs):79122.Google Scholar
Basset, M. G., and Cocks, L. R. M. 1974. A review of Silurian brachiopods from Gotland. Fossils and Strata, 3:156.Google Scholar
Boucot, A. J., Harper, C. W., and Walmsley, V. G. 1965. Revision of the Rhipidomellidae (Brachiopoda) and the affinities of Mendacella and Dalejina. Journal of Paleontology, 39:331340.Google Scholar
Boucot, A. J., and Johnson, J. G. 1967. Silurian and Upper Ordovician atrypids of the genera Plectatrypa and Spirigerina. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 47:79101.Google Scholar
Caster, K. E. 1939. A Devonian fauna from Colombia. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 24 (83): 1-218.Google Scholar
Chernyshev, T. N. 1937. Siluriiskie brakhiopody Mongolii i Tuvy. Akademiya Nauk USSR, Trudy Mongolskoi Komissii, 29:194.Google Scholar
Cocks, L. R. M. 1967. Llandovery stropheodontids from the Welsh Borderland. Palaeontology, 10:245265.Google Scholar
Cocks, L. R. M. 1968. Some strophomenacean brachiopods from the British Lower Silurian. Bulletin of the British Museum Natural History (Geology), 15:283324.Google Scholar
Cocks, L. R. M. 1978. A review of British lower Palaeozoic brachiopods, including a synoptic revision of Davidson's Monograph. Palaeontographical Society (Monographs):1256.Google Scholar
Cocks, L. R. M., and Fortey, R. A. 1988. Lower Palaeozoic facies and faunas around Gondwana, p 183-200. In Audley-Charles, M. G. and Hallam, A. (eds.), Gondwana and Tethys. Geological Society Special Publication 37.Google Scholar
Cocks, L. R. M., and Scotese, C. R. 1991. The global biogeography of the Silurian period. Special Papers in Palaeontology, 44:109122.Google Scholar
Cooper, G. A. 1930. New species from the Upper Ordovician of Percé, p. 265288. In Schuchert, C. and Cooper, G. A., Upper Ordovician and Lower Devonian stratigraphy and paleontology of Percé, Quebec, 2. American Journal of Sciences, 20.Google Scholar
Cooper, G. A. 1955. New genera of middle Paleozoic brachiopods. Journal of Paleontology, 29:4563.Google Scholar
Dalman, J. W. 1828. Uppställning och Beskrifning af de i sverige funne Terebratuliter. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien Handlingar, for 1827:85155.Google Scholar
Foerste, A. F. 1909. Fossils from the Silurian formations of Tennessee, Indiana and Kentucky. Denison University Science Laboratory, Bulletin 14:61116.Google Scholar
Frederiks, G. 1924. O Verkhne-Kamennougol'nykh spiriferidakh Urala (On Upper Carboniferous spiriferids from the Urals). Geologich Komitet Izvestiya, 38 (1919), 2:295324.Google Scholar
Gill, T. 1871. Arrangement of the families of molluscs prepared for the Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collection, 227:149.Google Scholar
Hall, J., and Clarke, J. M. 1894. An introduction to the study of the genera of Palaeozoic Brachiopoda. New York State Geological Survey, Paleontology of New York, 8(1):1394.Google Scholar
Havlíček, V. 1977. Brachiopods of the Order Orthida in Czechoslovakia. Rozpravy ústredního ústavu geologického, 44:1327.Google Scholar
Havlíček, V., and Kríž, J. 1973. Svrchni llandover a spodní devon u Hyskova (Barrandien). Vestník ústredního ústavu geologického, 48:103107.Google Scholar
Havlíček, V., and Štorch, P. 1990. Silurian brachiopods and benthic communities in the Prague Basin (Czechoslovakia). Rozpravy, ústredního ústavu geologického, 48:1275.Google Scholar
Jin, J. 1989. Late Ordovician-Early Silurian rhynchonellid brachiopods from Anticosti Island, Quebec. Biostratigraphie du Paléozoïque, 10:1217.Google Scholar
Jin, J., Caldwell, W. G. E., and Norford, B. S. 1989. Rhynchonellid brachiopods from the Upper Ordovician-Lower Silurian Beaverfoot and Nonda formations of the Rocky Mountains, British Columbia, p. 2159. In Contributions to Canadian Paleontology, Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 396.Google Scholar
Jones, B. 1981. The Silurian brachiopod Stegerhynchus. Palaeontology, 24:93113.Google Scholar
Jultvert, M., and Truyols, J. 1973. La coupe du Cabo Peñas, une coupe de référence pour l'Ordovicien du Nord-Ouest de l'Espagne. Comte Rendu somaire des Séances de la Société Géologique de France, 6:241243.Google Scholar
King, W. 1846. Remarks on certain genera belonging to the class Palliobranchiata. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 18:2642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kozlowski, R. 1929. Les brachiopodes gothlandiens de la Podolie Polonaise. Palaeontologia Polonica, 1:1254.Google Scholar
Kulkov, N. P., Vladimirskaya, E. V., and Rybktna, N. L. 1985. The brachiopods and biostratigraphy of the Upper Ordovician and Silurian of Tuva. Transactions of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, 635:1208.Google Scholar
Lenz, A. C. 1970. Late Silurian brachiopods of Prongs Creek, Northern Yukon. Journal of Paleontology, 44:480500.Google Scholar
Radig, F. 1962. Ordovizium/Silurium und die Frage prävariszicher Faltungen in Nordspanien. Geologische Rundschau, 52:346357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reed, F. R. C. 1917. The Ordovician and Silurian Brachiopoda of the Girvan District. Transaction of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 51:795998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robardet, M., and Guti, J. C.érrez-Marco. 1990. Sedimentary and faunal domains in the Iberian Peninsula during Lower Paleozoic times, p. 384395. In Dallmeyer, R. D. and Martínez García, E. (eds.), Pre-Mesozoic Geology of Iberia. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
Jia-Yu, Rong and Cocks, L. R. M. 1994. True Strophomena and a revision of the classification and evolution of strophomenoid and “strophodontoid” brachiopods. Palaeontology, 37:651694.Google Scholar
Jia-Yu, Rong, Ren-Bin, Zhan, and Nai-Ren, Han. 1994. The oldest known Eospirifer (Brachiopoda) in the Changwu Formation (Late Ordovician) of Western Zhejiang, East China, with a review of the earliest spiriferoids. Journal of Paleontology, 68:763776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sarmiento, G., Méndez-Bedia, I., Aramburu, C., Arbizu, M., and Truyols, J. 1994. lower Silurian conodonts from the cantabrian zone, NW Spain. Geobios, 27:507522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schuchert, C. 1894. A revised classification of the spire bearing Brachiopoda. American Geologist, 13:102107.Google Scholar
Schuchert, C. 1913. Class 2. Brachiopoda, p. 355420. In von Zittel, K. A. (transl. and ed. by Eastman, C. R.), Textbook of Palaeontology, Volume 1, 2nd edition. Macmillan and Company, London.Google Scholar
Schuchert, C., and Le Vene, C. M. 1929. Brachiopoda (Generum et genotyporum index et bibliographia). Fossillium Catalogus, 1, Animalia, 42:142 p.Google Scholar
Schuchert, C., and Cooper, G. A. 1931. Synopsis of the Brachiopod genera of the suborders Orthoidea and Pentameroidea, with notes on the Telotremata. American Journal of Sciences, 22:241251.Google Scholar
Schuchert, C., and Cooper, G. A. 1932. Brachiopod genera of the suborders Orthoidea and Pentameroidea. Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 4(1):1270.Google Scholar
Sowerby, J. de C. 1834. Systematical, stratigraphical, and alphabetical indexes to the first six volumes of the Mineral conchology of Great Britain. London. 11 pp.Google Scholar
Sowerby, J. de C. 1839. In Murchison, R. I., The Silurian System, p. 132, 1-768. London.Google Scholar
Spjeldnaes, N. 1967. The palaeogeography of the Tethyan region during the Ordovician, p. 4557. In Adams, C. G. and Ager, D. V. (eds.), Aspects of Tethyan Biogeography. Systematics Association Publication 7.Google Scholar
Truyols, J., and Julivert, M. 1976. La sucesión paleozoica entre Cabo Peñas y Antromero (Cordillera Cantábrica). Trabajos de Geología, 8:530.Google Scholar
Villas, E. 1985. Braquiópodos del Ordovícico medio y superior de las Cadenas Ibéricas Orientales. Memorias del Museo Paleontológico de la Universidad de Zaragoza, 1:1153.Google Scholar
Waagen, W. H. 1883. Salt Range fossils, Part 4 (2) Brachiopoda. Palaeontologia Indica, Memoires, series 13, 2:391546.Google Scholar
Williams, A. 1963. The Caradocian brachiopod faunas of the Bala district, Merionethshire. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology, 8:327471.Google Scholar
Williams, A. 1974. Ordovician Brachiopoda from the Shelve district, Shropshire, Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology, Supplement 11: 1-163.Google Scholar
Ziegler, A. M., Cocks, L. R. M., and Bambach, K. 1968. The composition and structure of lower Silurian marine communities. Lethaia, 1:1:27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 6 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 5th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The first early Silurian brachiopod fauna from the Iberian Peninsula
Available formats

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The first early Silurian brachiopod fauna from the Iberian Peninsula
Available formats

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The first early Silurian brachiopod fauna from the Iberian Peninsula
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Your details

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *