Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A study of temperature and pressure induced structural and electronic changes in SbCl5 intercalated graphite: Part I. Structural aspects

  • M. Lelaurain (a1), J.F. Marêché (a1), E. McRae (a1), O.E. Andersson (a2) and B. Sundqvist (a2)...

Abstract

We have studied the effects of temperature (10 ≤ T ≤ 295 K) and pressure (0 ≤ p ≤ 0.8 GPa) on the state of intercalate layer crystallization in SbCl5 graphite intercalation compounds of stages 2, 4, and 8. At room temperature (RT), the intercalate layer may in some second stage compounds be fully crystallized and lowering the temperature creates no further modifications. In all other cases, i.e., those in which the intercalate layer has only partial crystallization at RT, lowering T leads to the formation of new in-plane unit cells, the final state depending on the kinetics. Applying pressure to above 0.3–0.5 GPa results in crystallization in all cases, different from that induced simply by lowering of the temperature. We discuss the unit cells observed and the relationships they bear to each other in the light of other works on similar compounds.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1Intercalated Materials, edited by Lévy, F. (D. Riedel, Dordrecht, Holland, 1979).
2Dresselhaus, M. S. and Dresselhaus, G., Adv. Phys. 30, 139 (1981).
3Graphite Intercalation Compounds I: Structure and Dynamics, Springer Series in Materials Science, edited by Zabel, H. and Solin, S. A. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), Vol. 14.
4Proc. 5th Int. Symp. on Graphite Intercalation Compounds, Berlin, Germany, May 2225, 1989, published in Synth. Metals 34 (1989).
5Proc. 6th Int. Symp. on Intercalation Compounds, Orléans, France, May 2731, 1991, published in Mater. Sci. Forum, 91–93 (1992).
6Andersson, O.E., Sundqvist, B., McRae, E., Marêché, J. F., and Lelaurain, M., J. Mater. Res. 7, pg. 2989 (1992).
7Andersson, O.E., McRae, E., Sundqvist, B., Mareche, J.F., and Lelaurain, M., in preparation.
8Mélin, J., Doctorat es Sciences Thesis, Nancy (1976).
9Mélin, J. and Hérold, A., Carbon 13, 357 (1975).
10Clarke, R., Elzinga, M., Gray, J. N., Homma, H., Morelli, D. T., Winokur, M. J., and Uher, C., Phys. Rev. B 26, 5250 (1982).
11Timp, G., Dresselhaus, M.S., Salamanca-Riba, L., Erbil, A., Hobbs, L.W., Dresselhaus, G., Eklund, P. C., and lye, Y., Phys. Rev. B 26, 2323 (1982).
12Boca, M.H., Saylors, M.L., Smith, D.S., and Eklund, P.C., Synth. Metals 6, 39 (1983).
13Suzuki, M., Tanuma, S., Suzuki, K., and Ishihara, M., Synth. Metals 6, 121 (1983).
14Houser, B., Homma, H., and Clarke, R., Phys. Rev. B 30, 4802 (1984).
15Rayment, T., Schlögl, R., and Thomas, J.M., Phys. Rev. B 30, 1034 (1984).
16Homma, H. and Clarke, R., Phys. Rev. B 31, 5865 (1985).
17Preiss, H. and Fichtner-Schmittler, H., Cryst. Res. Technol. 21, 1047 (1986).
18Salamanca-Riba, L., Roth, G., Gibson, J.M., Kortan, A.R., Dresselhaus, G., and Birgenau, R. J., Phys. Rev. B 33, 2738 (1986).
19Hwang, D. M., in Extended Abstracts No. 8, Graphite Intercalation Compounds, edited by Dresselhaus, M. S., Dresselhaus, G., and Solm, S.A. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, 1986), p. 60.
20Salamanca-Riba, L. and Dresselhaus, M. S., Carbon 24, 261 (1986).
21Hernandez, P., Lamelas, F., Clarke, R., Dimon, P., Sirota, E.B., and Sinha, S. K., Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1220 (1987).
22Mittleman, R. K., Parker, N. W., and Crewe, A. V., Phys. Rev. B 36, 7590 (1987).
23Andersson, O.E., Lelaurain, M., Marêché, J. F., McRae, E., and Sundqvist, B., Synth. Metals 34, 187 (1989).
24Otobe, K., Nishitani, R., and Nishina, Y., Synth. Metals 34, 193 (1989).
25Andersson, O.E., Lelaurain, M., Marêché, J.F., McRae, E., and Sundqvist, B., Mater. Sci. Forum 91-93, 301 (1992).
26Boolchand, P., Bresser, W. J., McDaniel, D., Sisson, K., Teh, V., and Eklund, P. C., Solid State Commun. 40, 1049 (1981).
27Eklund, P. C., Giergiel, J., and Boolchand, P., in Physics of Intercalation Compounds, Springer Series in Solid State Physics, edited by Pietronero, L. and Tosatti, E. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981), Vol. 38, p. 168.
28Friedt, J. M., Poinsot, R., and Soderholm, L., Solid State Commun. 49, 223 (1984).
29Wortmann, G., Godler, F., Perscheid, B., Kaindl, G., and Schlögl, R., Synth. Metals 26, 109 (1988).
30Datars, W. R., Zaleski, H., and Ummat, P. K., Phys. Rev. B 38, 5737 (1988).
31Hwang, D.M., Qian, X.W., and Solin, S.A., Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1473 (1984).
32Schlögl, R., Jones, W., and Thomas, J. M., J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm, 1330 (1983).
33Alzyab, B., Perry, C. H., Zahopoulos, C., Pringle, O. A., and Nicklow, R. M., Phys. Rev. B 38, 1544 (1988).
34Lelaurain, M., Marêché, J. F., McRae, E., Furdin, G., and Hérold, A., J. Mater. Res. 3, 87 (1988); ibid., Synth. Metals 23, 365 (1988).
35McRae, E., Lelaurain, M., Marêché, J. F., Furdin, G., Hérold, A., and Jean, M. Saint, J. Mater. Res. 3, 97 (1988).
36Groot, K. de, Maurer, D., Müller, V., Geiser, V., and Güntherodt, H J., Synth. Metals 34, 335 (1989).
37Zaleski, H., Ummat, P.K., and Datars, W.R., J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 17, 3167 (1984).

A study of temperature and pressure induced structural and electronic changes in SbCl5 intercalated graphite: Part I. Structural aspects

  • M. Lelaurain (a1), J.F. Marêché (a1), E. McRae (a1), O.E. Andersson (a2) and B. Sundqvist (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed