Skip to main content Accessibility help

Allergic rhinitis and arterial blood pressure: a population-based study

  • O Sakallioglu (a1), C Polat (a1), A Akyigit (a1), H Cetiner (a1) and S Duzer (a1)...



To investigate the likelihood of allergic rhinitis and potential co-morbidities, and to assess whether allergic rhinitis is associated with arterial blood pressure and hypertension.


In this population-based study, 369 adults with allergic rhinitis and asthma were assessed via a questionnaire and immunoglobulin E levels. There were four groups: control (n = 90), allergic rhinitis (n = 99), asthma (n = 87) and hypertension (n = 93). Arterial blood pressure was measured in all groups.


There were no significant differences in systolic or diastolic blood pressure between males and females in any group. Pairwise comparisons revealed no significant differences between: the control and allergic rhinitis groups, the control and asthma groups, or the allergic rhinitis and asthma groups. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure values of males and females were significantly higher in the hypertension group than the allergic rhinitis group. There were no significant differences in systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure for seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis patients.


Rhinitis was not associated with increased blood pressure. Allergic rhinitis can coincide with asthma and hypertension. The findings do not support the need for blood pressure follow up in allergic rhinitis patients.


Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Dr Sertac Duzer, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Elazığ Training and Research Hospital, 23200 Elazığ, Turkey. E-mail:


Hide All
1Wallace, DV, Dykewicz, MS, Bernstein, DI, Blessing-Moore, J, Cox, L, Khan, DA et al. The diagnosis and management of rhinitis: an updated practice parameter. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2008;122:184.
2Juniper, EF. Quality of life in adults and children with asthma and rhinitis. Allergy 1997;52:971977
3Ledford, D. Inadequate diagnosis of nonallergic rhinitis: assessing the damage. Allergy Asthma Proc 2003;24:155–62.
4Leynaert, B, Neukirch, F, Demoly, P, Bousquet, J. Epidemiologic evidence for asthma and rhinitis comorbidity. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;106(suppl 5):201–5.
5Dogra, S, Ardern, CI, Baker, J. The relationship between age of asthma onset on cardiovascular disease in Canadians. J Asthma 2007;44:849–54.
6Vignola, AM, Chanes, P, Godard, P, Bousquet, J. Relationships between rhinitis and asthma. Allergy 1998;53:833–9.
7Bousquet, J, Knani, H, Dhivert, A, Richard, A, Chicoye, J, Ware, F et al. Quality of life in asthma: I. Internal consistency and validity of the SF-36 questionnaire. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994;149:371–5.
8Matheson, EM, Player, MS, Mainous, AG, King, DE, Everett, CJ. The association between hay fever and stroke in a cohort of middle aged and elderly adults. J Am Board Fam Med 2008;21:179–83.
9Aung, T, Bisognano, JD, Morgan, MA. Allergic rhinitis disease as a potential co-morbidity for hypertension. Cardiol J 2010;17:443–7.
10Larsson, LG, Lindberg, A, Franklin, KA, Lundback, B. Symptoms related to obstructive sleep apnea are common in subjects with asthma, chronic bronchitis and rhinitis in a general population. Respir Med 2001;95:423–9.
11Nieto, FJ, Young, TB, Lind, BK, Shahar, E, Samet, JM, Redline, S et al. Association of sleep-disordered breathing, sleep apnea and hypertension in a large community-based study. Sleep Heart Health Study. JAMA 2000;283:1829–36.
12Heinrich, J, Topp, R, Brasche, S. Rhinitis and blood pressure in adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003;168:1243–5.
13Kony, S, Zureik, M, Neukrich, C, Leynaert, B, Vervloet, D, Neukirch, F. Rhinitis is associated with increased systolic blood pressure in men. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003;167:538–43.
14Leynaert, B, Bousquet, J, Neukirch, C, Liard, R, Neukirch, F. Perennial rhinitis: an independent risk factor for asthma in nonatopic subjects. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;104:301–4.
15Casale, TB, Lazarus, SC. Immunology of asthma and rhinitis: pathogenetic factors and therapeutic options. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999;160:1778–87.
16Schoenwetter, WF, Dupclay, L, Appjosyula, S, Botteman, MF, Pashos, CL. Economic impact and quality-of-life burden of allergic rhinitis. Curr Med Res Opin 2004;20:305–17.
17Leynaert, B, Neukirch, C, Liard, R, Bousquet, J, Neukirch, F. Quality of life in allergic rhinitis and asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;162:1391–6.
18Corren, J. Allergic rhinitis and asthma: how important is the link? Allergy Clin Immunol 1997;99:781–6.
19Hannson, L, Lloyd, A, Anderson, P, Kopp, Z. Excess morbidity and cost of failure to achieve targets for blood pressure control in Europe. Blood Press 2002;11:3545.
20Settipane, RA. Complications of allergic rhinitis. Allergy Asthma Proc 1999;20:209–13.
21Peppard, PE, Young, T, Palta, M, Skatrud, J. Prospective study of the association between sleep-disordered breathing and hypertension. N Engl J Med 2000;342:1378–84.
22Corbo, GM, Foratiere, F, Agabiti, N, Baldacci, S, Farchi, S, Pistelli, R et al. Rhinitis and snoring as risk factors for hypertension in post-menopausal women. Respir Med 2006;100:1368–73.
23Dales, R, Chen, Y, Lin, M. Chronic sinusitis and arterial hypertension in a national population health survey. Int J Cardiol 2006;107:230–4.
24Bachert, C, Hörmann, K, Mösges, R, Rasp, G, Riechelmann, H, Müller, R et al. An update on the diagnosis and treatment of sinusitis and nasal polyposis. Allergy 2003;58:176–91.
25Irıbarren, C, Tolstykh, IV, Eisner, MD. Are the patients with asthma at increased risk of coronary heart disease? Int J Epidemiol 2004;33:743–8.


Allergic rhinitis and arterial blood pressure: a population-based study

  • O Sakallioglu (a1), C Polat (a1), A Akyigit (a1), H Cetiner (a1) and S Duzer (a1)...


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed