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On the robustness of emptying filling boxes to sudden changes in the wind

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 April 2019

John Craske
Affiliation:
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Graham O. Hughes
Affiliation:
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Corresponding

Abstract

We determine the smallest instantaneous increase in the strength of an opposing wind that is necessary to permanently reverse the forward displacement flow that is driven by a two-layer thermal stratification. With an interpretation in terms of the flow’s energetics, the results clarify why the ventilation of a confined space with a stably stratified buoyancy field is less susceptible to being permanently reversed by the wind than the ventilation of a space with a uniform buoyancy field. For large opposing wind strengths we derive analytical upper and lower bounds for the system’s marginal stability, which exhibit a good agreement with the exact solution, even for modest opposing wind strengths. The work extends a previous formulation of the problem (Lishman & Woods, Build. Environ., vol. 44 (4), 2009, pp. 666–673) by accounting for the transient dynamics and energetics associated with the homogenisation of the interior, which prove to play a significant role in buffering temporal variations in the wind.

Type
JFM Rapids
Copyright
© 2019 Cambridge University Press 

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References

Coomaraswamy, I. & Caulfield, C. 2011 Time-dependent ventilation flows driven by opposing wind and buoyancy. J. Fluid Mech. 672, 3359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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