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EDITORIAL INTRODUCTION

  • David de la Croix and Murat Iyigun

Extract

Before the Industrial Revolution, most scientists considered fertility, mortality and population as interacting with economic circumstances. When Khaldun (1377) pioneered classical economics, he described how population interplays with the rise and decline of cities by allowing a deeper division of labor and generating increasing returns to scale. When, in the 17th century, Petty (1687) compared the relative development of England, France, and Holland, population was at the center of his calculations, both as an outcome and source of wealth. And, according to the French physiocrats (Mirabeau 1756) as well as Bruckner (1768), who foreshadowed the Malthusian view on population checks by half a century, population needed to be incentivized to grow.

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Copyright

References

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Becker, Gary (1993) Nobel lecture: The economic way of looking at behavior. Journal of Political Economy 101 (3), 385409.
Bruckner, John (1768) A philosophical Survey of the Animal Creation, an Essay. London: Johnson and Payne. (Translated from the French)
Khaldun, Ibn (1377) Al-Muqaddimah. Translated from the Arabic by Rosenthal, Franz, vol. 3, 1986, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Mirabeau, Victor de Riqueti, marquis de (1756) L’ami des hommes ou Traité de la Population, vol. 1, Avignon.
Petty, Sir William (1687) Five Essays in Political Arithmetick. London: Henry Mortlock.

EDITORIAL INTRODUCTION

  • David de la Croix and Murat Iyigun

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