Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Turning an invasive hardwood into an asset: Inoculating Ligustrum lucidum logs with a medicinal mushroom, Trametes versicolor, accelerates wood decomposition under field conditions

  • Lisa O’Donnell (a1), Laurel L. Moulton (a2) and Jimm Stack (a3)

Abstract

Glossy privet (Ligustrum lucidum W. T. Aiton) is a highly aggressive tree that has become globally invasive in a wide range of habitats and can quickly form dense thickets, shading and outcompeting native vegetation. Slowly decomposing slash following removal of dense infestations can create additional management challenges, including fire risk concerns, which curtailed planned invasive plant removal projects on certain tracts within the Balcones Canyonlands Preserve near Austin, TX. This prompted a pilot study to explore whether wood-decaying fungi could be used to hasten the recycling of L. lucidum logs back into the forest ecosystem. We inoculated 25 freshly cut L. lucidum logs with Trametes versicolor (Fr.) Pilat at two study sites and monitored the inoculated logs and 5 untreated control logs over a 3-yr period (February 2015 to March 2018). We found that inoculation significantly accelerated wood decay. By the end of our study, 100% of logs with >3 inoculation points were in advanced stages of decay, while only one of the control logs showed noticeable signs of decay. Inoculating logs in the field was easy and suitable for novices, requiring little or no previous experience to achieve successful results. An added benefit of using T. versicolor is its medicinal properties and potential for bioremediation. We have continued to inoculate logs with comparable success and are integrating them into forest restoration projects. Applied on a larger scale, these wood-decaying fungi have the potential to transform nonnative deadwood from a threat to an asset.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Turning an invasive hardwood into an asset: Inoculating Ligustrum lucidum logs with a medicinal mushroom, Trametes versicolor, accelerates wood decomposition under field conditions
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Turning an invasive hardwood into an asset: Inoculating Ligustrum lucidum logs with a medicinal mushroom, Trametes versicolor, accelerates wood decomposition under field conditions
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Turning an invasive hardwood into an asset: Inoculating Ligustrum lucidum logs with a medicinal mushroom, Trametes versicolor, accelerates wood decomposition under field conditions
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Lisa O’Donnell, City of Austin, Balcones Canyonlands Preserve, 3621 Ranch Road 620 South, Austin, TX 78738, USA (Email: lisa.odonnell@austintexas.gov)

Footnotes

Hide All

Associate Editor: Stephen F. Enloe, University of Florida

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Arnstadt, T, Hoppe, B, Kahl, T, Kellner, H, Krüger, D, Bauhus, J, Hofrichter, M (2016) Dynamics of fungal community composition, decomposition and resulting deadwood properties in logs of Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris . For Ecol Manag 382:129142
Ayup, MM, Montti, L, Aragón, R, Grau, HR (2014) Invasion of Ligustrum lucidum (Oleaceae) in the southern Yungas: changes in habitat properties and decline in bird diversity. Acta Oecol 54:7281
Balcones Canyonlands Preserve (2007) Balcones Canyonlands Preserve Land Management Plan, Tier IIA, Chapter IV, Vegetation Management. Austin, TX: Balcones Canyonlands Preserve. 13 p. https://www.traviscountytx.gov/images/tnr/Docs/draft_plan/tier_iia-4_vegetation_management.pdf. Accessed: February 18, 2019
Bednarz, JC, Huss, MJ, Benson, TJ, Varland, DE (2013) The efficacy of fungal inoculation of live trees to create wood decay and wildlife-use trees in managed forests of western Washington, USA. For Ecol Manag 307:186195
[CABI] Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International (2018) Datasheet: Ligustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet). Invasive Species Compendium. https://www.cabi.org/ISC/datasheet/30751. Accessed: November 23, 2018
Chu, KKW, Ho, SSS, Chow, AHL (2002) Coriolus versicolor: a medicinal mushroom with promising immunotherapeutic values. J Clin Pharmacol 42:976984
Cotter, T (2014) Organic Mushroom Farming and Mycoremediation: Simple to Advanced and Experimental Techniques for Indoor and Outdoor Cultivation. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing. 382 p
Coutts-Smith, AJ, Downey, PO (2006) Impact of Weeds on Threatened Biodiversity in New South Wales. Adelaide, Australia: Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management Technical Series No. 11. 107 p
da Silva Coelho-Moreira, J, Maciel, GM, Castoldi, R, da Silva Mariano, S, Inácio, FD, Bracht, A, Peralta, RM (2013) Involvement of lignin-modifying enzymes in the degradation of herbicides. Pages 165187 in Price, JA, Kelton, JA, eds. Herbicides: Advances in Research. London: TechOpen
Ferreras, AE, Giorgis, MA, Tecco, PA, Cabido, MR, Funes, G (2015) Impact of Ligustrum lucidum on the soil seed bank in invaded subtropical seasonally dry woodlands (Córdoba, Argentina). Biol Invasions 17:35473561
Gao, D, Du, L, Yang, J, Wu, W-M, Liang, H (2010) A critical review of the application of white rot fungus to environmental pollution control. Crit Rev Biotechnol 30:7077
Garibay-Orijel, R, Córdova, J, Cifuentes, J, Valenzuela, R, Estrada-Torres, A, Kong, A (2009) Integrating wild mushrooms use into a model of sustainable management for indigenous community forests. For Ecol Manag 258:122131
Global Invasive Species Database (2018) Ligustrum lucidum. http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/speciesname/Ligustrum+lucidum. Accessed: November 23, 2018
Grove, SJ, Stamm, L, Barry, C (2009) Log decomposition rates in Tasmanian Eucalyptus obliqua determined using an indirect chronosequence approach. For Ecol Manag 258:389397
Hobbs, CR (2004) Medicinal value of turkey tail fungus Trametes versicolor (L.:Fr.) Pilát (Aphyllophoromycetideae): a literature review. Int J Med Mushrooms 6:195218
Hoyos, LE, Gavier-Pizarro, GI, Kuemmerle, T, Bucher, EH, Radeloff, VC, Tecco, PA (2010) Invasion of glossy privet (Ligustrum lucidum) and native forest loss in the Sierras Chicas of Córdoba, Argentina. Biol Invasions 12:32613275
Hudson, JR, Hanula, JL, Horn, S (2014) Impacts of removing Chinese privet from riparian forests on plant communities and tree growth five years later. For Ecol Manag 324:101108
Jacke, D, Toensmeier, E (2005) Edible Forest Gardens. Volume 2, Ecological Design and Practice for Temperate-Climate Permaculture. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing. Pp 333334
Janjušević, L, Karaman, M, Šibul, F, Tommonaro, G, Iodice, C, Jakovljević, D, Pejin, B (2017) The lignicolus fungus Trametes versicolor (L.) Lloyd (1920): a promising natural source of antiradical and AChE inhibitory agents. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem 32:355362
Johnson, S (2009) Privet species—are we sitting on species time bombs? Pages 307341 in Proceedings of the 15th Biennial NSW Weeds Conference. Narrabri, NSW, Australia: Narrabri Shire Council
Lepp, H (2012) Mycogeography: Cosmopolitan and pan-tropical species. Australian Fungi. https://www.anbg.gov.au/fungi/mycogeography-cos-pan.html. Accessed: February 16, 2019
Lichstein, JW, Grau, HR, Aragón, R (2004) Recruitment limitation in secondary forests dominated by an exotic tree. J Veg Sci 15:721728
Lonsdale, D, Pautasso, M, Holdenrieder, O (2008) Wood-decaying fungi in the forest: conservation needs and management options. Eur J Forest Res 127:122
Maddox, V, Byrd, J, Serviss, B (2010) Identification and control of invasive privets (Ligustrum spp.) in the middle southern United States. Invasive Plant Sci Manag 3:482488
Mäkipää, R, Linkosalo, T (2011) A non-destructive field method for measuring wood density of decaying logs. Silva Fenn 45:11351142
Marcot, BG (2017a) A review of the role of fungi in wood decay of forest ecosystems. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station Research NotePNW-RN-575. 31 p
Marcot, BG (2017b) Ecosystem processes related to wood decay. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station Research Note PNW-RN-576. 43 p
Page-Dumroese, DS, Busse, MD, Archuleta, JG, McAvoy, D, Roussel, E (2017) Methods to reduce forest residue volume after timber harvesting and produce black carbon. Scientifica 2017, 10.1155/2017/2745764
Pavlík, M, Hrasko, M, Pavlikova, A (2008) Oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq.) P. Kumm.—its cultivation and utilization in the Slovak forestry. Pages 246254 in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products. Bonn, Germany: World Society for Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products
Pavlík, M, Pavlík, Š (2013) Wood decomposition activity of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) isolate in situ. J For Sci 59:2833
Piškur, B, Bajc, M, Robek, R, Humar, M, Sinjur, I, Kadunc, A, Oven, P, Rep, G, Petkovšek, SAS, Kraigher, H, Jurc, D, Pohleven, F (2011) Influence of Pleurotus ostreatus inoculation on wood degradation and fungal colonization. Bioresour Technol 102:1061110617
Rhoades, CC, Fornwalt, PJ (2015) Pile burning creates a fifty-year legacy of openings in regenerating lodgepole pine forests in Colorado. For Ecol Manag 336:203209
Russell, MB, Fraver, S, Aakala, T, Gove, JH, Woodall, CW, D’Amato, AW, Ducey, MJ (2015) Quantifying carbon stores and decomposition in dead wood: a review. For Ecol Manag 350:107128
Shreve, MJ, Brockman, A, Hartleb, M, Prebihalo, S, Dorman, FL, Brennan, RA (2016) The white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor reduces the estrogenic activity of a mixture of emerging contaminants in wastewater treatment plant effluent. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 109:132140
Stamets, P (2000) Growing gourmet and medicinal mushrooms. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press. 614 p
Torán, J, Blánquez, P, Caminal, G (2017) Comparison between several reactors with Trametes versicolor immobilized on lignocellulosic support for the continuous treatments of hospital wastewater. Bioresour Technol 243:966974
van der Wal, A, Ottosson, E, de Boer, W (2015) Neglected role of fungal community composition in explaining variation in wood decay rates. Ecology 96:124133
Veena, SS, Pandey, M (2012) Physiological and cultivation requirements of Trametes versicolor, a medicinal mushroom to diversify Indian mushroom industry. Ind J Agric Sci 82:672675

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed