Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Training Environmental Managers to Control Invasive Plants: Acting to Close the Knowing–Doing Gap

  • Claude Lavoie (a1) and Jacques Brisson (a2)

Abstract

Many conservation land managers working with invasive plants rely largely on their own experience and advice from fellow managers for controlling weeds, and rarely take into consideration the scientific literature, a concrete example of a knowing–doing gap. We argue that invasion scientists should directly teach managers best practices for control. In 2013, we created a training program on five invasive plant species, specifically tailored to Québec (Canada) environmental managers. The course material was science-based, and included details on methods and costs. Here, we explain how this idea emerged, how the program was constructed and which types of managers were targeted. With modest resources, we reached 163 managers in less than 18 mo, who collectively oversee invasive species management for 41% of the Québec population. We presented factual information for all control methods, giving the environmental managers the tools to critically and objectively assess various options. Participants especially appreciated the highly practical content of the training and that they could submit their own invasion case for discussion. This program represents significant progress in narrowing the knowing–doing gap associated with the control of invasive plants in Québec, and we encourage such initiatives elsewhere for all fields of invasion biology.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: claude.lavoie@esad.ulaval.ca

References

Hide All
Abrams, RW (2015) Why we should help people understand our scientific literature. Conserv Biol 29:973974
Albert, A, Brisson, J, Dubé, J, Lavoie, C (2013) Do woody plants prevent the establishment of common reed along highways? Insights from southern Quebec. Invasive Plant Sci Manag 6:585592
Arlettaz, R, Schaub, M, Fournier, J, Reichlin, TS, Sierro, A, Watson, JEM, Braunisch, V (2010) From publications to public actions: when conservation biologists bridge the gap between research and implementation. BioScience 60:835842
Belzile, F, Labbé, J, LeBlanc, M-C, Lavoie, C (2010) Seeds contribute strongly to the spread of the invasive genotype of the common reed (Phragmites australis). Biol Invasions 12:22432250
Byun, C, de Blois, S, Brisson, J (2013) Plant functional group identity and diversity determine biotic resistance to invasion by an exotic grass. J Ecol 101:128139
Byun, C, de Blois, S, Brisson, J (2015) Interactions between abiotic constraint, propagule pressure, and biotic resistance regulate plant invasion. Oecologia 178:285296
Caffrey, JM, Millane, M, Evers, S, Moran, H, Butler, M (2010) A novel approach to aquatic weed control and habitat restoration using biodegradable jute matting. Aquat Invasions 5:123129
Delbart, E, Mahy, G, Weickmans, B, Henriet, F, Crémer, S, Pieret, N, Vanderhoeven, S, Monty, A (2012) Can land managers control Japanese knotweed? Lessons from control tests in Belgium. Environ Manag 50:10891097
Duquette, M-C, Compérot, A, Hayes, LF, Pagola, C, Belzile, F, Dubé, J, Lavoie, C (2015) From the source to the outlet: understanding the distribution of invasive knotweeds along a North American river. River Res Appl. DOI: 10.1002/rra.2914
Esler, KJ, Prozesky, H, Sharma, GP, McGeoch, M (2010) How wide is the “knowing-doing” gap in invasion biology? Biol Invasions 12:40654075
Gagnon Lupien, N, Gauthier, G, Lavoie, C (2015) Effect of the invasive common reed on the abundance, richness and diversity of birds in freshwater marshes. Anim Conserv 18:3243
Groeneveld, E, Belzile, F, Lavoie, C (2014) Sexual reproduction of Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica s. l.) at its northern distribution limit: new evidence of the effect of climate warming on an invasive species. Am J Bot 101:459466
Hulme, PE (2003) Biological invasions: winning the science battles but losing the conservation war? Oryx 37:178193
Jodoin, Y, Lavoie, C, Villeneuve, P, Thériault, M, Beaulieu, J, Belzile, F (2008) Highways as corridors and habitats for the invasive common reed Phragmites australis in Quebec, Canada. J Appl Ecol 45:459466
Kuebbing, SE, Simberloff, D (2015) Missing the bandwagon: nonnative species impacts still concern managers. NeoBiota 25:7386
Larochelle, M, Dumont, P, Lavoie, C, Hatin, D (2015) Varying effects of common reed invasion on early life history of northern pike reproduction. Trans Am Fish Soc 144:196210
Lavoie, C, Guay, G, Joerin, F (2014) Une liste des plantes vasculaires exotiques nuisibles du Québec: nouvelle approche pour la sélection des espèces et l'aide à la décision. Écoscience 21:133156
Matzek, V, Covino, J, Funk, JL, Sauders, M (2014) Closing the knowing–doing gap in invasive plant management: accessibility and interdisciplinarity of scientific research. Conserv Lett 7:208215
Matzek, V, Pujalet, M, Cresci, S (2015) What managers want from invasive species research versus what they get. Conserv Lett 8:3340
Mazerolle, MJ, Perez, A, Brisson, J (2014) Common reed (Phragmites australis) invasion and amphibian distribution in freshwater wetlands. Wetl Ecol Manag 22:325340
Nielsen, C, Ravn, HP, Nentwig, W, Wade, M, eds (2005) The Giant Hogweed Best Practice Manual. Guidelines for the Management and Control of an Invasive Weed in Europe. Hoersholm, Denmark Forest and Landscape Denmark. 44 p
Shanley, P, López, C (2009) Out of the loop: why research rarely reaches policy makers and the public and what can be done. Biotropica 41:535544
Shaw, JD, Wilson, JRU, Richardson, DM (2010) Initiating dialogue between scientists and managers of biological invasions. Biol Invasions 12:40654075
Statistics Canada (2015) 2011 Census. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/index-eng.cfm. Accessed June 27, 2015
Stocker, RK (2004) The management of invasive plants in the United States: are scientists providing what managers need? Weed Technol 18:15281532
Tougas-Tellier, M-A, Morin, J, Hatin, D, Lavoie, C (2015) Freshwater wetlands: fertile grounds for the invasive Phragmites australis in a climate change context. Ecol Evol 5:34213435

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Training Environmental Managers to Control Invasive Plants: Acting to Close the Knowing–Doing Gap

  • Claude Lavoie (a1) and Jacques Brisson (a2)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.