Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Rough Surface and High-Forb Seed Mix Promote Ecological Restoration of Simulated Well Pads

  • Danielle Bilyeu Johnston (a1) and Phillip L. Chapman (a2)

Abstract

Because of disturbance and exotic plant invasions, ecological restoration is necessary for maintaining functional big sagebrush ecosystems in western North America. Downy brome control is often necessary in restoring this ecosystem type; however, many brome control measures hinder ecological restoration by limiting the types of plants which can be established. Microtopography manipulation may aid weed control by entrapping undesirable seeds. We undertook a field experiment at four sites in the Piceance Basin of western Colorado, USA to test the effects of microtopography (rough with brush mulch or flat with straw mulch), seed mix (high-forb or balanced), and herbicide (140 g ai ha−1 imazapic ammonium salt or none) on downy brome control and perennial plant establishment following disturbance. Three years post-treatment, downy brome had become established at two of the four sites, one each with high (GVM) and low (MTN) downy brome seed rain. At GVM, the rough/brush treatment augmented the effectiveness of imazapic, reducing downy brome biomass six-fold. At MTN, the rough/brush surface reduced downy brome biomass 10-fold in the absence of imazapic. Across all four sites, forb and shrub biomass were higher with the high-forb mix, and there was no effect of seed mix on downy brome or annual forb biomass. Restoring a full complement of plant functional groups in big sagebrush ecosystems may be aided by increasing forbs in seed mixes, and manipulating soil microtopography.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Rough Surface and High-Forb Seed Mix Promote Ecological Restoration of Simulated Well Pads
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Rough Surface and High-Forb Seed Mix Promote Ecological Restoration of Simulated Well Pads
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Rough Surface and High-Forb Seed Mix Promote Ecological Restoration of Simulated Well Pads
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: danielle.bilyeu@state.co.us

References

Hide All
Ahmed, J, Bonham, CD, Laycock, WA (1983) Comparison of techniques used for adjusting biomass estimates by double sampling. J Range Manage 36:217221 10.2307/3898166
Aldridge, CL, Brigham, RM (2002) Sage-grouse nesting and brood habitat use in southern Canada. J Wildl Manage 66:433444
Aldridge, CL, Nielsen, SE, Beyer, HL, Boyce, MS, Connelly, JW, Knick, ST, Schroeder, MA (2008) Range-wide patterns of greater sage-grouse persistence. Divers Distrib 14:983994 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2008.00502.x
Baker, WL, Garner, J, Lyon, P (2009) Effect of imazapic on cheatgrass and native plants in Wyoming big sagebrush restoration for Gunnison sage-grouse. Nat Area J 29:204209 10.3375/043.029.0301
Bakker, JD, Wilson, SD (2004) Using ecological restoration to constrain biological invasion. J Appl Ecol 41:10581064
Balch, JK, Bradley, BA, D'Antonio, CM, Gomez-Dans, J (2013) Introduced annual grass increases regional fire activity across the arid western USA (1980–2009). Glob Change Biol 19:173183
Barnes, TG (2004) Strategies to convert exotic grass pastures to tall grass prairie communities. Weed Technol 18:13641370
Benayas, JMR, Newton, AC, Diaz, A, Bullock, JM (2009) Enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services by ecological restoration: A meta-analysis. Science 325:11211124
Biondini, ME, Bonham, CD, Redente, EF (1985) Secondary successional patterns in a sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) community as they relate to soil disturbance and soil biological-activity. Vegetatio 60:2536 10.1007/BF00053909
Bradford, JB, Lauenroth, WK (2006) Controls over invasion of Bromus tectorum: The importance of climate, soil, disturbance and seed availability. J Veg Sci 17:693704
Bradley, BA (2009) Regional analysis of the impacts of climate change on cheatgrass invasion shows potential risk and opportunity. Glob Change Biol 15:196208
Carter, DL, Blair, JM (2012) High richness and dense seeding enhance grassland restoration establishment but have little effect on drought response. Ecol Appl 22:13081319
Chambers, JC (2000) Seed movements and seedling fates in disturbed sagebrush steppe ecosystems: Implications for restoration. Ecol Appl 10:14001413
Chambers, JC, Roundy, BA, Blank, RR, Meyer, SE, Whittaker, A (2007) What makes Great Basin sagebrush ecosystems invasible by Bromus tectorum? Ecol Monogr 77:117145 10.1890/05-1991
Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (2013) Colorado oil and gas information system (COGIS). http://cogcc.state.co.us/. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Colorado Parks and Wildlife (2014) Wildlife Habitat Research. http://cpw.state.co.us/learn/Pages/ResearchHabitat.aspx. Accessed September 3, 2014
Connelly, JW, Schroeder, MA, Sands, AR, Braun, CE (2000) Guidelines to manage sage grouse populations and their habitats. Wildl Soc Bull 28:967985
Cottrell, TR, Bonham, CD (1992) Characteristics of sites occupied by subspecies of Artemisia tridentata in the Piceance Basin, Colorado. Gt Basin Nat 52:174178
Cox, C (2003) Herbicide factsheet: Imazapic. Journal of Pesticide Reform 23.
Crawford, JA, Olson, RA, West, NE, Mosley, JC, Schroeder, MA, Whitson, TD, Miller, RF, Gregg, MA, Boyd, CS (2004) Synthesis paper - ecology and management of sage-grouse and sage-grouse habitat. J Range Manage 57:219
Davies, KW (2010) Revegetation of medusahead-invaded sagebrush steppe. Rangeland Ecol Manag 63:564571 10.2111/REM-D-09-00127.1
Davies, KW, Boyd, CS, Beck, JL, Bates, JD, Svejcar, TJ, Gregg, MA (2011) Saving the sagebrush sea: An ecosystem conservation plan for big sagebrush plant communities. Biol Conserv 144:25732584
Davies, KW, Nafus, AM (2013) Exotic annual grass invasion alters fuel amounts, continuity and moisture content. International Journal of Wildland Fire 22:353358 10.1071/WF11161
Davies, KW, Nafus, AM, Sheley, RL (2010) Non-native competitive perennial grass impedes the spread of an invasive annual grass. Biol Invasions 12:31873194 10.1007/s10530-010-9710-2
Davies, KW, Sheley, RL (2011) Promoting native vegetation and diversity in exotic annual grass infestations. Restor Ecol 19:159165
de Souza, FM, Batista, JLF (2004) Restoration of seasonal semideciduous forests in Brazil: Influence of age and restoration design on forest structure. For Ecol Manage 191:185200 10.1016/j.foreco.2003.12.006
Dickson, TL, Busby, WH (2009) Forb species establishment increases with decreased grass seeding density and with increased forb seeding density in a northeast Kansas, USA, experimental prairie restoration. Restor Ecol 17:597605
Duncan, CA, Jachetta, JJ, Brown, ML, Carrithers, VF, Clark, JK, DiTomaso, JM, Lym, RG, McDaniel, KC, Renz, MJ, Rice, PM (2004) Assessing the economic, environmental, and societal losses from invasive plants on rangeland and wildlands. Weed Technol 18:14111416
Ebrahimi, A, Bossuyt, B, Hoffmann, M (2008) Effects of species aggregation, habitat and season on the accuracy of double-sampling to measure herbage mass in a lowland grassland ecosystem. Grass Forage Sci 63:7985
Elseroad, AC, Rudd, NT (2011) Can imazapic increase native species abundance in cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) invaded native plant communities? Rangeland Ecol Manag 64:641648 10.2111/REM-D-10-00163.1
Evans, RA (1961) Effects of different densities of downy brome (Bromus tectorum) on growth and survival of crested wheatgrass (Agropyron desertorum) in the greenhouse. Weeds 9:216223
Gage, EA, Cooper, DJ (2004) Constraints on willow seedling survival in a Rocky Mountain montane floodplain. Wetlands 24:908911
Greenberg, CH (2002) Response of white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) to coarse woody debris and microsite use in southern Appalachian treefall gaps. For Ecol Manage 164:5766
Gupta, GN, Limba, NK, Mutha, S (1999) Growth of Prosopis cineraria on microcatchments in an arid region. Ann Arid Zone 38:3744
Hagen, CA, Connelly, JW, Schroeder, MA (2008) A meta-analysis of greater sage-grouse Centrocercus urophasianus nesting and brood-rearing habitats. Wildlife Biol 13 Suppl.1 4250
Harris, GA (1967) Some competitive relationships between Agropyron spicatum and Bromus tectorum . Ecol Monogr 37:89111
Hempy-Mayer, K, Pyke, DA (2008) Defoliation effects on Bromus tectorum seed production: Implications for grazing. Rangeland Ecol Manag 61:116123
Herrick, JE, Van Zee, JW, Havstad, KM, Burkett, LM, Whitford, WG (2005) Monitoring manual for grassland, shrubland and savanna ecosystems vol 1: Quick start. Las Cruces, NM USDA-ARS Jornada Experimental Range. 37 p
Hild, AL, Schuman, GE, Vicklund, LE, Williams, MI (2006) Canopy growth and density of Wyoming big sagebrush sown with cool-season perennial grasses. Arid Land Res Manag 20:183194
Hoelzle, TB, Jonas, JL, Paschke, MW (2012) Twenty-five years of sagebrush steppe plant community development following seed addition. J Appl Ecol 49:911918
Huwer, SL, Anderson, DR, Remington, TE, White, GC (2008) Using human-imprinted chicks to evaluate the importance of forbs to sage-grouse. J Wildl Manage 72:16221627
Johnston, DB (2011) Movement of weed seeds in reclamation areas. Restor Ecol 19:446449
Kyser, GB, DiTomaso, JM, Doran, MP, Orloff, SB, Wilson, RG, Lancaster, DL, Lile, DF, Porath, ML (2007) Control of medusahead (Taeniatherum caput-medusae) and other annual grasses with imazapic. Weed Technol 21:6675
Li, XY, Gao, SY, Xu, HY, Liu, LY (2006) Growth of Caragana korshinskii using runoff-collecting microcatchments under semiarid condition. J Hydrol 328:338346
McCay, TS (2000) Use of woody debris by cotton mice (Peromyscus gossypinus) in a southeastern pine forest. J Mammal 81:527535
Montoya, D, Rogers, L, Memmott, J (2012) Emerging perspectives in the restoration of biodiversity-based ecosystem services. Trends Ecol Evol 27:666672
Monty, A, Brown, CS, Johnston, DB (2013) Fire promotes downy brome (B. tectorum) seed dispersal. Biol Invasions 15:11131123
Morris, C, Monaco, TA, Rigby, C (2009) Variable impacts of imazapic on downy brome (Bromus tectorum) and seeded species in two rangeland communities. Invasive Plant Sci Manag 2:110119
Natural Resource Conservation Service (2011). Establishing native grasses. Conservation Reserve Program Job Sheet 2. United States Department of Agriculture
Newman, GJ, Redente, EF (2001) Long-term plant community development as influenced by revegetation techniques. J Range Manage 54:717724
Norton, JB, Monaco, TA, Norton, JM, Johnson, DA, Jones, TA (2004) Soil morphology and organic matter dynamics under cheatgrass and sagebrush-steppe plant communities. J Arid Environ 57:445466
Owen, SM, Sieg, CH, Gehring, CA (2011) Rehabilitating downy brome (Bromus tectorum)-invaded shrublands using imazapic and seeding with native shrubs. Invasive Plant Sci Manag 4:223233
Planz, JV, Kirkland, GL (1992) Use of woody ground litter as a substrate for travel by the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus. Can Field Nat106 118121
Redente, EF, Doerr, TB, Grygiel, CE, Biondini, ME (1984) Vegetation establishment and succession on disturbed soils in northwest Colorado. Reclam Reveg Res 3:153165
Roberts, SD, Harrington, CA, Terry, TA (2005) Harvest residue and competing vegetation affect soil moisture, soil temperature, N availability, and Douglas-fir seedling growth. For Ecol Manage 205:333350
Rowland, MM, Wisdom, MJ, Suring, LH, Meinke, CW (2006) Greater sage-grouse as an umbrella species for sagebrush-associated vertebrates. Biol Conserv 129:323335
Sbatella, GM, Wilson, RG, Enloe, SF, Hicks, C (2011) Propoxycarbazone-sodium and imazapic effects on downy brome (Bromus tectorum) and newly seeded perennial grasses. Invasive Plant Sci Manag 4:7886
Schroeder, MA, Aldridge, CL, Apa, AD, Bohne, JR, Braun, CE, Bunnell, SD, Connelly, JW, Deibert, PA, Gardner, SC, Hilliard, MA, Kobriger, GD, McAdam, SM, McCarthy, CW, McCarthy, JJ, Mitchell, DL, Rickerson, EV, Stiver, SJ (2004) Distribution of sage-grouse in North America. Condor 106:363376
Shackelford, N, Hobbs, RJ, Burgar, JM, Erickson, TE, Fontaine, JB, Laliberte, E, Ramalho, CE, Perring, MP, Standish, RJ (2013) Primed for change: Developing ecological restoration for the 21st century. Restor Ecol 21:297304
Shinneman, DJ, Baker, WL (2009) Environmental and climatic variables as potential drivers of post-fire cover of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) in seeded and unseeded semiarid ecosystems. Int J Wildland Fire 18:191202
Sivy, KJ, Ostoja, SM, Schupp, EW, Durham, S (2011) Effects of rodent species, seed species, and predator cues on seed fate. Acta Oecol 37:321328
Society of Ecological Restoration International Science and Policy Working Group (2004). The SER international primer on ecological restoration. Tucson, AZ Society for Ecological Restoration International
Wassenaar, TD, Henschel, JR, Pfaffenthaler, MM, Mutota, EN, Seely, MK, Pallett, J (2013) Ensuring the future of the Namib's biodiversity: Ecological restoration as a key management response to a mining boom. J Arid Environ 93:126135
Whitson, TD, Koch, DW (1998) Control of downy brome (Bromus tectorum) with herbicides and perennial grass competition. Weed Technol 12:391396 10.1017/S0890037X00043980
Wilson, SD, Bakker, JD, Christian, JM, Li, XD, Ambrose, LG, Waddington, J (2004) Semiarid old-field restoration: Is neighbor control needed? Ecol Appl 14:476484
Young, JA, Evans, RA, Eckert, RE, Kay, BL (1987) Cheatgrass. Rangelands 9:266270

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Johnston and Chapman supplementary material
Appendix

 Word (19 KB)
19 KB

Rough Surface and High-Forb Seed Mix Promote Ecological Restoration of Simulated Well Pads

  • Danielle Bilyeu Johnston (a1) and Phillip L. Chapman (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed