Studies were conducted on components of resistance to sorghum midge on four resistant (DJ 6514, AF 28, TAM 2566 and IS 15107) and two susceptible (CSH 1 and Swarna) cultivars. Short floral parts, faster rate of grain development and high tannin content of grain were apparently associated with resistance to sorghum midge, Contarinia sorghicola Coq. Genotypic and phenotypic correlations between the factors associated with resistance to sorghum midge were in the same direction (positive or negative) as their association with resistance to this insect. Glume g2, lemma 12, anther and lodicule length, rate of grain development based on dry weight (except oviposition), and tannin content of mature grain showed correlation and path coefficients (direct effects) in the same direction. These characters can serve as a useful criteria to select for resistance to sorghum midge.
Using D2 and canonical cluster analysis, AF 28 was found to be distinct from other sources of midge resistance. However, based on larvae/100 florets, DJ 6514 was also placed distantly from TAM 2566 and IS 15107. Based on egg numbers, adults emerged and grain damage, DJ 6514 was grouped with TAM 2566 and IS 15107. Susceptible hybrid check, CSH 1 was generally placed distantly from the self pollinated susceptible variety, Swarna. These results indicate that the sources of resistance to sorghum midge are diverse, and there is a distinct possibility of increasing the levels and diversity of resistance to this insect.