Skip to main content Accessibility help

Active textile antennas in professional garments for sensing, localisation and communication

  • Arnaut Dierck (a1), Sam Agneessens (a1), Frederick Declercq (a1), Bart Spinnewyn (a1), Gert-Jan Stockman (a1), Patrick Van Torre (a1), Luigi Vallozzi (a1), Dries Vande Ginste (a1), Thomas Vervust (a2), Jan Vanfleteren (a2) and Hendrik Rogier (a1)...


New wireless wearable monitoring systems integrated in professional garments require a high degree of reliability and autonomy. Active textile antenna systems may serve as platforms for body-centric sensing, localisation, and wireless communication systems, in the meanwhile being comfortable and invisible to the wearer. We present a new dedicated comprehensive design paradigm and combine this with adapted signal-processing techniques that greatly enhance the robustness and the autonomy of these systems. On the one hand, the large amount of real estate available in professional rescue worker garments may be exploited to deploy multiple textile antennas. On the other hand, the size of each radiator may be designed large enough to ensure high radiation efficiency when deployed on the body. This antenna area is then reused by placing active electronics directly underneath and energy harvesters directly on top of the antenna patch. We illustrate this design paradigm by means of recent textile antenna prototypes integrated in professional garments, providing sensing, positioning, and communication capabilities. In particular, a novel wearable active Galileo E1-band antenna is presented and fully characterized, including noise figure, and linearity performance.


Corresponding author

Corresponding author: A. Dierck Email:


Hide All
[1]Curone, D. et al. : Assessment of sensing fire fighters uniforms for physiological parameter measurement in harsh environment. IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed., 16 (3) (2012), 501511.
[2]Kennedy, T.; Fink, P.; Chu, A.; Champagne, N.; Lin, G.; Khayat, M.: Body-worn E-textile antennas: the good, the low-mass, and the conformal. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 57 (4) (2009), 910918.
[3]Tronquo, A.; Rogier, H.; Hertleer, C.; Van Langenhove, L.: Robust planar textile antenna for wireless body LANs operating in 2.45 GHz ISM band. IEE Electron. Lett., 42 (3) (2006), 142146.
[4]Locher, I.; Klemm, M.; Kirstein, T.; Troster, G.: Design and characterization of purely textile patch antennas. IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag., 29 (2006), 777788
[5]Salonen, P.; Rahmat-Samii, Y.: Textile antennas: effects of antenna bending on input matching and impedance bandwidth. IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag., 22 (2007), 1822.
[6]Hertleer, C.; Rogier, H.; Vallozzi, L.; Van Langenhove, L.: A textile antenna for off-body communication integrated into protective clothing for firefighters. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 57 (2009), 919925.
[7]Lilja, J.; Salonen, P.; Kaija, T.; de Maagt, P.: Design and manufacturing of robust textile antennas for harsh environments. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 60 (9) (2012), 41304140.
[8]Hertleer, C.; Van Laere, A.; Rogier, H.; Van Langenhove, L.: Influence of relative humidity on textile antenna performance. Text. Res. J., 80 (2010), 177183.
[9]Scarpello, M.L.; Kazani, I.; Hertleer, C.; Rogier, H.; Vande Ginste, D.: Stability and efficiency of screen-printed wearable and washable antennas. IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., 11 (2012), 838841.
[10]Dierck, A.; Declercq, F.; Rogier, H.: Review of active textile antenna co-design and optimization strategies, In 2011 IEEE Int. Conf. on RFID-Technologies and Applications (RFID-TA), September 2011, 194–201.
[11]Del Prete, M.; Masotti, D.; Arbizzani, N.; Costanzo, A.: Remotely identify and detect by a compact reader with mono-pulse scanning capabilities. IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., 61 (1) (2013), 641650.
[12]Masotti, D.; Francia, P.; Costanzo, A.; Rizzoli, V.: Rigorous electromagnetic/circuit-level analysis of time-modulated linear arrays. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 61 (11) (2013), 54655474.
[13]Masotti, D.; Costanzo, A.; Prete, M.; Rizzoli, V.: Genetic-based design of a tetra-band high-efficiency radio-frequency energy harvesting system. IET Microw. Antennas Propag., 7 (15) (2013), 12541263.
[14]Declercq, F.; Rogier, H.: Active integrated wearable textile antenna with optimized noise characteristics. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 58 (2010), 30503054.
[15]Dierck, A.; Rogier, H.; Declercq, F.: A wearable active antenna for global positioning system and satellite phone. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 61 (2013), 532538.
[16]Declercq, F.; Georgiadis, A.; Rogier, H.: Wearable aperture-coupled shorted solar-patch antenna for remote tracking and monitoring applications, In Fifth Eur. Conf. on Antennas and Propagation – EuCAP 2011, Rome, Italy, April 2011, 29922996.
[17]Collado, A.; Georgiadis, A.: Conformal hybrid solar and electromagnetic (em) energy harvesting rectenna. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I: Regul. Pap., 60 (8) (2013), 22252234.
[18]Shynu, S.V.; Roo Ons, M.; Ammann, M.; McCormack, S.; Norton, B.: Dual band a-Si:H solar-slot antenna for 2.4/5.2 GHz WLAN applications, In 2009. EuCAP 2009. Third Eur. Conf. on Antennas and Propagation, 2009, 408410.
[19]Schubert, M.B.; Werner, J.H.: Flexible solar cells for clothing. Mater. Today, 9 (6) (2006), 4250.
[20]Agneessens, S. et al. : Design of a wearable, low-cost, through-wall Doppler radar system. Int. J. Antennas Propag., 2012 (840924) (2012), 9 pages.
[21]Kaivanto, E.; Berg, M.; Salonen, E.; de Maagt, P.: Wearable circularly polarized antenna for personal satellite communication and navigation. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 59 (2011), 44904496.
[22]Vallozzi, L.; Vandendriessche, W.; Rogier, H.; Hertleer, C.; Scarpello, M.L.: Wearable textile GPS antenna for integration in protective garments, in Proc. Fourth Eur. Conf. on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2010. Barcelona, Spain, April 12–16 2010.
[23]Salonen, P.; Rahmat-Samii, Y.; Schaffrath, M.; Kivikoski, M.: Effect of textile materials on wearable antenna performance: a case study of GPS antennas, in 2004 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Int. Symp., vol. 1, 2004, 459–462.
[24]Maxim Integrated Products, GPS/GNSS Low Noise Amplifier, MAX2659 data sheet, August 2011.
[25]Biondi, A.; Declercq, F.; De Zutter, D.; Rogier, H.; Vallozzi, L.: Electromagnetic compatibility aware design and testing of intermodulation distortion under multiple co-located sources illumination. IET Sci. Measur. Technol., 6 (2012), 105112.
[26]Vallozzi, L.; Van Torre, P.; Hertleer, C.; Rogier, H.; Moeneclaey, M.; Verhaevert, J.: Wireless communication for firefighters using dual-polarized textile antennas integrated in their garment. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 58 (2010), 13571368.
[27]Van Torre, P.; Vallozzi, L.; Hertleer, C.; Rogier, H.; Moeneclaey, M.; Verhaevert, J.: Indoor Off-Body Wireless MIMO Communication With Dual Polarized Textile Antennas. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 59 (2011), 631642.
[28]Van Torre, P. et al. : Indoor off-body wireless communication: static beamforming versus space-time coding. Int. J. Antennas Propag., 2012 (413683) (2012), 13 pages.
[29]Van Torre, P.; Vallozzi, L.; Jacobs, L.; Rogier, H.; Moeneclaey, M.; Verhaevert, J.: Characterization of measured indoor off-body MIMO channels with correlated fading, correlated shadowing and constant path loss. IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., 11 (2012), 712721.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies
  • ISSN: 1759-0787
  • EISSN: 1759-0795
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-microwave-and-wireless-technologies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed