Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The influence of street furniture, tree trunks, and traffic in urban scenarios on ray tracing simulations in the millimeter wave band

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 March 2016

Bariş Göktepe
Affiliation:
Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Einsteinufer 37, 10587 Berlin, Germany. Phone: +49 151 104 27 077
Michael Peter
Affiliation:
Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Einsteinufer 37, 10587 Berlin, Germany. Phone: +49 151 104 27 077
Richard J. Weiler
Affiliation:
Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Einsteinufer 37, 10587 Berlin, Germany. Phone: +49 151 104 27 077
Wilhelm Keusgen
Affiliation:
Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Einsteinufer 37, 10587 Berlin, Germany. Phone: +49 151 104 27 077
Corresponding

Abstract

In this paper, the influence of tree trunks, cylindrical street furniture such as lamp posts, and traffic on ray tracing simulations in an urban scenario is analyzed. Tree trunks and lamp posts are modeled by cylinders and propagation characteristics computed according to the Uniform Theory of Diffraction. The influence of traffic is analyzed by simulations with moving vehicles. In order to get an understanding of the spatial characteristics of the channel, simulations with static and also mobile receivers have been performed, in line with a measurement campaign in the same environment. The simulation results show a good agreement with the measurements.

Type
Research Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press and the European Microwave Association 2016 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

[1] Rappaport, T.S. et al. : Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5 G cellular: it will work!. IEEE Access, 1 (2013), 335349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[2] Maltsev, A. et al. : Quasi-deterministic approach to mm wave channel modeling in a non-stationary environment, in Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps), 2014, 966971.Google Scholar
[3] Felbecker, R.; Raschkowski, L.; Keusgen, W.; Peter, M.: Electromagnetic wave propagation in the millimeter wave band using the NVIDIA OptiX GPU ray tracing engine, in European Conf. on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), Prague, 2012.Google Scholar
[4] McNamara, D.A.; Pistorius, C.W.I.; Malherbe, J.A.G.: Introduction to the Uniform Geometrical Theory of Diffraction, Artech House, London, 1990.Google Scholar
[5] Pathak, P.H.; Burnside, W.D.; Marhefka, R.J.: A uniform GTD analysis of the diffraction of electromagnetic waves by a smooth convex surface. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 28 (1980), 631642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[6] de Jong, Y.L.C.; Herben, M.H.A.J.: A tree-scattering model for improved propagation prediction in urban microcells. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., 53 (2004), 503513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[7] Chiu, T.; Sarabandi, K.: Electromagnetic scattering interaction between a dielectric cylinder and a slightly rough surface. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 47 (1999), 902913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[8] El-Rouby, A.E.: MMW Scattering by Tree Trunks and Surrounding Environment Modeling & Analysis. Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Michigan, 2000.Google Scholar
[9] El-Rouby, A.E.; Ulaby, F.T.; Nashashibi, A.Y.: MMW scattering by rough lossy dielectric cylinders and tree trunks. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 40 (2002), 871879.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[10] MiWeba project, Deliverable D5.1: Channel modeling and characterization, June 2014.Google Scholar
[11] Cuinas, I.; Pugliese, J.-P.; Hammoudeh, A.; Sanchez, M.G.: Comparison of the electromagnetic properties of building materials at 5.8 GHz and 62.4 GHz, in Vehicular Technology Conf., Boston, 2000, 780–785.Google Scholar
[12] Sarabandi, K.; Li, E.S.; Nashashibi, A.: Modeling and measurements of scattering from road surfaces at millimeter-wave frequencies. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 45 (1997), 16791688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[13] Correia, L.M.; Frances, P.O.: Transmission and isolation of signals in buildings at 60 GHz. Personal, Indoor Mobile Radio Commun., 1995. PIMRC'95, in Sixth IEEE Int. Symp. on Wireless: Merging onto the Information Superhighway, 3 (1995), 1031.Google Scholar
[14] Correia, L.M.; Frances, P.O.: Estimation of materials characteristics from power measurements at 60 GHz. in Fifth IEEE Int. Symp. on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 1994. Wireless Networks – Catching the Mobile Future, vol. 2 (1994), 510513.Google Scholar
[15] Lu, J.; Steinbach, D.; Cabrol, P.; Pietraski, P.; Pragada, R.V.: Propagation characterization of an office building in the 60 GHz band, in 2014, in Eighth European Conf. on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), The Hague, 2014, 809–813.Google Scholar
[16] Karam, M.A.; Fung, A.K.; Antar, Y.M.M.: Electromagnetic wave scattering from some vegetation samples. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 26 (1988), 799808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 8
Total number of PDF views: 82 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-76cb886bbf-tmbpq Total loading time: 0.233 Render date: 2021-01-24T04:05:22.793Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The influence of street furniture, tree trunks, and traffic in urban scenarios on ray tracing simulations in the millimeter wave band
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The influence of street furniture, tree trunks, and traffic in urban scenarios on ray tracing simulations in the millimeter wave band
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The influence of street furniture, tree trunks, and traffic in urban scenarios on ray tracing simulations in the millimeter wave band
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *