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Parents’ Associations, Support Group Interventions and Countering Violent Extremism: An Important Step Forward in Combating Violent Radicalization

  • Daniel Koehler (a1) and Tobias Ehrt (a1)

Abstract

This article offers an introduction for constructing family self-help groups or parent associations in the field of countering violent extremism (CVE) and deradicalization. These support group interventions are an essential addition to recently developed family counseling CVE programs, which have been created in multiple countries since 2012. Based on interviews with parents of deceased foreign terrorist fighters, this article was able to identify the most pressing practical needs of parents and to suggest specific measures to address these. The most important needs voiced by parents are: loneliness, trauma, understanding, acquiring a death certificate, access to personal files, problems with child care (criminalization), and fear of the media. Support groups can be designed to address these issues with a specific CVE focus.

Este articulo ofrece una introducción a la construcción de grupos de autoayuda familiar o asociaciones de padres en el campo de la lucha contra el extremismo violento (CVE) y la desradicalización. Estas intervenciones de grupos de apoyo son una adición esencial a los programas de asesoramiento familiar recientemente desarrollados en Contra de la Violencia Extrema (CVE), que se han creado en varios países desde 2012. Basado en entrevistas con padres de combatientes terroristas extranjeros (FTF) muertos, este estudio pudo identificar las necesidades prácticas más apremiantes de los padres y sugerir medidas específicas para abordarlas. Las necesidades más importantes son: soledad, trauma, comprensión, adquisición de un certificado de defunción, acceso a archivos personales, problemas con el cuidado infantil (criminalización) y temor a los medios de comunicación. Los grupos de soporte se pueden diseñar para abordar estos problemas con un enfoque específico contra la violencia extremist (CVE).

Cet article propose une introduction à la construction de groupes familiaux d’entraide ou d’associations de parents dans le domaine de la lutte contre l’extrémisme violent (CVE) et de la déradicalisation. Ces interventions de groupes de soutien sont un ajout essentiel aux programmes CVE de consultation familiale récemment créés dans plusieurs pays depuis 2012. D’après des entrevues avec les parents des combattants terroristes étrangers décédés (FTF), cet etude a été capable d’ identifier les besoins pratiques les plus urgents des parents et de suggérer des mesures spécifiques pour les traiter. Les plus importants besoins exprimés par les parents sont: la solitude, le traumatisme, la compréhension, l’acquisition d’un certificat de décès, l’accès aux fichiers personnels, des problèmes de garde d’enfants (criminalisation) et la peur des médias. Les groupes de support peuvent être conçus pour résoudre ces problèmes avec un focus spécifique de lutte contre l’extrémisme violent (CVE).

家长协会、支持团体干预和打击暴力极端主义(CVE)——打击暴力激化在打击暴力激进化方面迈出重要一步

摘要: 本文介绍了在打击暴力极端主义(CVE)和去激进化领域建立家庭自助团体或家长协会的情况。这些支持团体干预措施是最近开展的家庭咨询CVE计划的重要补充,自2012年以来,该计划已在多个国家建立。根据对已故外国恐怖主义战斗人员(FTF)父母的采访,本文能够确定父母最迫切的实际需求并建议采取具体措施去解决这些问题。父母表达的最重要的需求是:孤独、创伤、理解、获得死亡证明、获得个人档案、儿童保育问题(犯罪化)以及对媒体的恐惧。可以设立以特定的CVE为重点的支持小组来解决这些问题。

تعرض هذه المقالة مقدّمة لبناء مجموعات المساعدة الذاتيّة للأسرة أو رابطات الآباء لمكافحة التّطرّف العنيف (CVE) واجتثاثه. تعتبر مداخلات مجموعة الدعم هذه إضافة أساسية إلى برامج الإرشاد الأسري لمكافحة التّطرّف العنيف التي تم تطويرها مؤخرًا، والتي تم إنشاؤها في العديد من الدول منذ عام 2012. واستناداً إلى مقابلات أُجْرِيَت مع آباء المقاتلين الإرهابيين الأجانب المتوفّ ، تمكنت هذه المقالة من تحديد الاحتياجات العمليّة والأكثر إلحاحًا للوالدين واقتراح تدابير محدّدة لمعالجتها. أهم الاحتياجات التي يعبر عنها الآباء هي: الشعور بالوحدة، والصدمة، والتفهّم، ملفات الشخصيّة، ومشوالحصول على شهادة الوفاة، والوصول إلى الاكل رعاية الطفل (التجريم)، والخوف من وسائل الإعلام. جميعها قضايا يمكن معالجتها، مع التّركيز على التّطرّف العنيف، من خلال تصميم مجموعات الدعم.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding Author: Dr Daniel Koehler, Willy-Brandt-Straße 41, 70173, Stuttgart, Germany. E-mail: daniel.koehler@im.bwl.de

References

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Parents’ Associations, Support Group Interventions and Countering Violent Extremism: An Important Step Forward in Combating Violent Radicalization

  • Daniel Koehler (a1) and Tobias Ehrt (a1)

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