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Combating Human Trafficking at the Local Level: Better Informing (Inter)national Action Plans

  • John Winterdyk (a1)

Abstract

Despite increasing awareness of human trafficking in Canada (and internationally), there is limited knowledge about how local communities are responding to the experiences of trafficked persons. By focusing on the case of counter-trafficking responses in a major city in western Canada, this project represents the first Canadian attempt to document how a major urban centre is addressing human trafficking. The exploratory project surveyed 53 respondents representing agencies involved in the counter-trafficking response, which in various capacities serve individuals victimized by trafficking. Building on the survey findings, five focus group discussions were also conducted. The article suggests that, while a criminal justice framework is important for addressing human trafficking, local strategies will benefit from an emphasis on cross-sector collaboration that emphasizes the rights of the trafficked persons above the needs of law enforcement. Implications for (inter)national responses are also presented.

A pesar de la creciente conciencia sobre la trata de personas en Canadá (e internacionalmente), existe un conocimiento limitado sobre cómo las comunidades locales están respondiendo a las experiencias de las víctimas de la trata. Al centrarse en el caso de las respuestas de lucha contra la trata de personas en una ciudad importante del oeste de Canadá, este proyecto representa el primer intento canadiense de documentar cómo un importante centro urbano se ocupa de la trata de personas. El proyecto exploratorio encuestó a 53 personas que representaban a agencias involucradas en la respuesta de lucha contra la trata de personas, que en diversas capacidades prestan servicios a personas víctimas de la trata. Sobre la base de los resultados de la encuesta, también se llevaron a cabo cinco discusiones de grupos focales. El artículo sugiere que, si bien un marco de justicia penal es importante para abordar la trata de personas, las estrategias locales se beneficiarán de un énfasis en la colaboración intersectorial que enfatiza los derechos de las víctimas de trata por encima de las necesidades de la aplicación de la ley. Implicaciones para las respuestas (inter) nacionales son también presentadas.

Malgré une sensibilisation accrue sur le trafic des personnes au Canada (et à l'étranger), les connaissances sur la façon dans laquelle les collectivités locales répondent aux expériences des victimes de ce trafic sont limitées.

En mettant l’accent sur le cas des interventions de lutte contre le trafic dans une grande ville de l’Ouest canadien, ce projet représente la première tentative canadienne de traiter ce probleme dans un grand centre urbain.

Cet projet a interrogé 53 organismes impliqués dans la lutte contre ce trafic, qui, à divers titres, aident les personnes victimes de la traite. Sur la base des résultats de l’enquête, cinq groupes de discussion ont également été menés.

L’article suggère que, bien qu’un cadre de justice pénale soit important pour lutter contre la traite des êtres humains, les stratégies des entités locales auraientt besoin d’une collaboration intersectorielle qui mettrait l’accent sur les droits des personnes victimes de trafic plutôt que sur les besoins des forces de l’ordre. Les implications pour les réponses (inter) nationales sont également présentées.

尽管人们越来越意识到加拿大(以及国际上)的贩卖人口活动,但对于当地社区如何应对被贩运者的经验知之甚少。通过关注加拿大西部一个主要城市的打击拐卖案件,这个项目是加拿大第一次记录主要城市中心如何处理人口贩运的企图。这个探索性项目调查了53个参与打击贩运人口活动的机构,这些机构以不同的身份服务于贩运受害者。根据调查结果,还进行了五次焦点小组讨论。文章指出,虽然刑事司法框架对于解决人口贩运问题非常重要,但地方战略将受益于强调跨部门合作,强调被贩运者超出执法需要的权利。还介绍了国家间相互作用的意义。

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding Author: John Winterdyk, Department of Economics, Justice, and Policy Studies, Mount Royal University, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. E-mail: jwinterdyk@mtroyal.ca

Footnotes

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1

An earlier version of this paper was published in the Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Kaye, Winterdyk, and Quarterman 2014).

Footnotes

References

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Combating Human Trafficking at the Local Level: Better Informing (Inter)national Action Plans

  • John Winterdyk (a1)

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