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To which countries do European psychiatric trainees want to move to and why?

  • M. Pinto da Costa (a1) (a2) (a3), A. Giurgiuca (a4), K. Holmes (a5), E. Biskup (a6) (a7), T. Mogren (a8), S. Tomori (a9), O. Kilic (a10), V. Banjac (a11), R. Molina-Ruiz (a12), C. Palumbo (a13), D. Frydecka (a14), J. Kaaja (a15), E. El-Higaya (a16), A. Kanellopoulos (a17), B.H. Amit (a18), D. Madissoon (a19), E. Andreou (a20), I. Uleviciute-Belena (a21), I. Rakos (a22), J. Dragasek (a23), K. Feffer (a24), M. Farrugia (a25), M. Mitkovic-Voncina (a26), T. Gargot (a27) (a28), F. Baessler (a29), M. Pantovic-Stefanovic (a30) and L. De Picker (a31)...

Abstract

Background:

There is a shortage of psychiatrists worldwide. Within Europe, psychiatric trainees can move between countries, which increases the problem in some countries and alleviates it in others. However, little is known about the reasons psychiatric trainees move to another country.

Methods:

Survey of psychiatric trainees in 33 European countries, exploring how frequently psychiatric trainees have migrated or want to migrate, their reasons to stay and leave the country, and the countries where they come from and where they move to. A 61-item self-report questionnaire was developed, covering questions about their demographics, experiences of short-term mobility (from 3 months up to 1 year), experiences of long-term migration (of more than 1 year) and their attitudes towards migration.

Results:

A total of 2281 psychiatric trainees in Europe participated in the survey, of which 72.0% have ‘ever’ considered to move to a different country in their future, 53.5% were considering it ‘now’, at the time of the survey, and 13.3% had already moved country. For these immigrant trainees, academic was the main reason they gave to move from their country of origin. For all trainees, the overall main reason for which they would leave was financial (34.4%), especially in those with lower (<500€) incomes (58.1%), whereas in those with higher (>2500€) incomes, personal reasons were paramount (44.5%).

Conclusions:

A high number of psychiatric trainees considered moving to another country, and their motivation largely reflects the substantial salary differences. These findings suggest tackling financial conditions and academic opportunities.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. Hospital de Magalhães Lemos, Rua Professor Álvaro Rodrigues, 4149-003 Porto, Portugal. E-mail address:mariana.pintodacosta@gmail.com (M. Pinto da Costa).

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Keywords

To which countries do European psychiatric trainees want to move to and why?

  • M. Pinto da Costa (a1) (a2) (a3), A. Giurgiuca (a4), K. Holmes (a5), E. Biskup (a6) (a7), T. Mogren (a8), S. Tomori (a9), O. Kilic (a10), V. Banjac (a11), R. Molina-Ruiz (a12), C. Palumbo (a13), D. Frydecka (a14), J. Kaaja (a15), E. El-Higaya (a16), A. Kanellopoulos (a17), B.H. Amit (a18), D. Madissoon (a19), E. Andreou (a20), I. Uleviciute-Belena (a21), I. Rakos (a22), J. Dragasek (a23), K. Feffer (a24), M. Farrugia (a25), M. Mitkovic-Voncina (a26), T. Gargot (a27) (a28), F. Baessler (a29), M. Pantovic-Stefanovic (a30) and L. De Picker (a31)...

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To which countries do European psychiatric trainees want to move to and why?

  • M. Pinto da Costa (a1) (a2) (a3), A. Giurgiuca (a4), K. Holmes (a5), E. Biskup (a6) (a7), T. Mogren (a8), S. Tomori (a9), O. Kilic (a10), V. Banjac (a11), R. Molina-Ruiz (a12), C. Palumbo (a13), D. Frydecka (a14), J. Kaaja (a15), E. El-Higaya (a16), A. Kanellopoulos (a17), B.H. Amit (a18), D. Madissoon (a19), E. Andreou (a20), I. Uleviciute-Belena (a21), I. Rakos (a22), J. Dragasek (a23), K. Feffer (a24), M. Farrugia (a25), M. Mitkovic-Voncina (a26), T. Gargot (a27) (a28), F. Baessler (a29), M. Pantovic-Stefanovic (a30) and L. De Picker (a31)...
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