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Mindfulness, Self-compassion And Depressive Symptoms In Pregnant Women

  • A.T. Pereira (a1), S. Xavier (a1), E. Bento (a1), J. Azevedo (a1), M. Marques (a1) (a2), M.J. Soares (a1), V. Freitas (a1), A.M. Pinto (a1) (a3), C. Roque (a2) and A. Macedo (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

Introduction

Depressive symptoms in pregnancy are risk factors for postpartum depression and associated to adverse child outcomes (Glover, 2014). Depressive symptoms decreases after participation in mindfulness and self-compassion based interventions for pregnant women (e.g. Goodman et al., 2014). However, apart from intervention trials, there are not studies on the relationship between mindfulness, self-compassion and depressive symptoms in pregnancy (Zoeterman, 2014).

Objective

To explore the association between mindfulness, self-compassion and depressive symptoms in pregnant women.

Methods

Four hundred and twenty-seven pregnant women (mean age: 32.56 ± 4.785 years) in their second trimester of pregnancy completed a set of self-report questionnaires validated for pregnancy: Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire-10 ([FMQ-10]; Azevedo et al., 2015; to evaluate Nonjudging of experience/NJ, acting with awareness (AA) and observing and describing (OD), Self-Compassion Scale ([SCS]; Bento et al., 2015; to evaluate self-kindness, self-judgment, common humanity [CH], isolation, mindfulness and over-identification [OD]) and Postpartum Depression Screening Scale-24 (PDSS-24; Pereira et al., 2013). Only variables significantly correlated with the outcomes were entered in the multiple regression models.

Results

FMQ-10 and SCS Total scores were both significant predictors of PDSS-24 (B = –0.294,–0.272). Derealization and failure predictors were NJ and Isolation (B = –0.234; 0.384); Suicidal ideation predictor was NJ, OD and isolation (B = –0.152;–0.115; 0.334); concentration difficulties and anxiety predictors were isolation and CH (B = 0.296;–0.201); Sleep difficulties predictors were AA and isolation (B = –0.199; 0.248) (all P < 0.05).

Conclusions

Mindfulness and self-Ccompassion dimensions, particularly nonjudging of experience, acting with awareness, observing and describing are protective correlates of antenatal depressive symptoms. Isolation is a correlate of PD in pregnancy.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author.

Mindfulness, Self-compassion And Depressive Symptoms In Pregnant Women

  • A.T. Pereira (a1), S. Xavier (a1), E. Bento (a1), J. Azevedo (a1), M. Marques (a1) (a2), M.J. Soares (a1), V. Freitas (a1), A.M. Pinto (a1) (a3), C. Roque (a2) and A. Macedo (a1) (a2)...

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Mindfulness, Self-compassion And Depressive Symptoms In Pregnant Women

  • A.T. Pereira (a1), S. Xavier (a1), E. Bento (a1), J. Azevedo (a1), M. Marques (a1) (a2), M.J. Soares (a1), V. Freitas (a1), A.M. Pinto (a1) (a3), C. Roque (a2) and A. Macedo (a1) (a2)...
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