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Examination of the relation of smoking habit with the appearance of anxiety and depression at mental health professionals

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 April 2020

P. Kyloudis
Affiliation:
General Hospital “G. Papanikolaou” Thessaloniki, Greece, Thessaloniki
G. Wozniak
Affiliation:
Nursing Department, Applied University of Larissa, Greece, Larissa
M. Rekliti
Affiliation:
General Hospital Korinthos, Greece, Korinthos
M. Georgiadis
Affiliation:
Clinical Psychologist - Psychotherapist, Thessaloniki, Greece, Thessaloniki
K. Tsipras
Affiliation:
Outpatients Ward, Endocrinologist, Athens, Greece
Z. Roupa
Affiliation:
Nursing Department, European University, Nicosia, Cyprus

Abstract

Introduction

Anxiety is considered to be a situation of agony, anguish and is being experienced as psychological pressure. At Mental Health Professionals’ work environment, a lot of factors may contribute to anxiety appearance and create the conditions of depression symptomatology development. The smoking habit is being connected with a great range of psychiatric diagnosis, including anxiety and depression.

Aim

Of this study was the examination of the relationship of smoking habit with the appearance of anxiety and depression at Mental Health Professionals.

Materials/method

317 mental health professionals were being examined (144 male, 173 female, with medieval age 38, 64 ± 7,945 years) and their smoking habits were recorded. For anxiety and depression examination the DSSI/Sad QUESTIONNAIRE was being used. The analysis of data was done by the use of statistical package SPSS 16.0.

Results

Smokers have higher levels of depression (t(315) = 2,417, p = 0,016) as well as of anxiety (t(315) = 2,219, p = 0,027). However no one of the specific degrees was related with the number of cigarettes smoked by smokers (r = 0,022, p = 0,777 for depression, r = 0,133, p = 0,084 for anxiety)

Conclusions

The smoking habit appeared to be related with anxiety and depression, it cannot although be considered as the reason but as the result of emotional difficulty of the participants. Even though smoking decreases the privative symptoms, it does not decrease the anxiety and the depression or the confrontation of their deeper reasons. It is being seen the need of development and materialization of interventions of effective support for Mental Health Professional at their own work environment.

Type
P02-51
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2011
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