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Depression and suicide ideation in medical students

  • A. Alonso Sanchez (a1), A. Alvarez Astorga (a1), H. De la Red Gallego, R. Hernandez Antón (a1), S. Gómez Sanchez (a1), C. Noval Canga (a1), I. Sevillano Benitez (a1), G. Isidro García (a1), M. Hernandez García (a1) and F. De Uribe Ladrón de Cegama (a1)...

Abstract

Background

Medical students have higher levels of depressive symptoms than the general population. Additionally, depressed students are more likely to commit suicide. Recent studies find up to 10% of medical students experiment depression and suicidal ideation, which is meaningfully higher than general population of similar age (5–8%). However, little is known about depression and suicidal ideation in medical students in Spain.

Objective

This study aims to create a self-administered questionnaire to investigate the prevalence and factors involved in depression and suicidal behaviour in medical students from a Spanish University.

Methods

We evaluated the main risk factors leaning to suicide in students. In addition, we selected an appropriate scale to assess depression among the existing ones. The evaluated items included demographic reports, academic information (academic course, unfinished subjects and accomplishment) and sanitary data (psychiatric family history, psychiatric personal history, psychotropic drug consumption, distress emotional events in the last twelve months and drugs consumption). Furthermore, we selected the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) because of its rapidly implementation and proven efficacy.

Conclusions

Rates of depression and suicidal ideation are high in medical students. Currently, there is no program to detect and prevent depression neither suicide in students. For that reason, we consider that creating a new instrument to evaluate mental health in student is useful in order to offer early detection and treatment at medical school.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author.

References

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Tan Siew, T, Sherina Mohd, S, Lekhraj Rampal, PPrevalence and predictors of suicidaly among medical students in a public university. Med J Malaysia 2015;7(1).

Depression and suicide ideation in medical students

  • A. Alonso Sanchez (a1), A. Alvarez Astorga (a1), H. De la Red Gallego, R. Hernandez Antón (a1), S. Gómez Sanchez (a1), C. Noval Canga (a1), I. Sevillano Benitez (a1), G. Isidro García (a1), M. Hernandez García (a1) and F. De Uribe Ladrón de Cegama (a1)...

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Depression and suicide ideation in medical students

  • A. Alonso Sanchez (a1), A. Alvarez Astorga (a1), H. De la Red Gallego, R. Hernandez Antón (a1), S. Gómez Sanchez (a1), C. Noval Canga (a1), I. Sevillano Benitez (a1), G. Isidro García (a1), M. Hernandez García (a1) and F. De Uribe Ladrón de Cegama (a1)...
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