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1466 – Complementary And Alternative Medicines (cams) In Psychiatry: The Opinion Of Mental Health Professionals

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2020

C. Visentini
Affiliation:
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
G. Landi
Affiliation:
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
L. Spattini
Affiliation:
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
G. Mattei
Affiliation:
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
M. Soli
Affiliation:
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
G. Solignani
Affiliation:
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
E. Tedeschini
Affiliation:
Azienda Unit... Sanitaria Locale di Modena, Modena, Italy
S. Ferrari
Affiliation:
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

Abstract

Background

In a demographic survey in 2005, 13.6% of Italians admitted to have taken CAMs during the 3 years before. A study on hospitalized patients for psychiatric reasons highlighted that 63% of them used CAM in the previous year and 79% did not mention this to their psychiatrists.

Objective

To collect the opinions about the use of CAMs in psychiatry among a group of psychiatrists and nurses working in a Mental Health Centre.

Aim

To investigate knowledge, opinions and experiences on CAMs.

Methods

A mixed qualitative-quantitative method was used: 2 focus groups were conducted in June 2011, involving 12 professionals of one Mental Health Community Centre in Modena, Italy. The audio-recordings of the focus groups were analyzed by 2 researchers, who identified the main themes with an inductive method. The participants were finally asked to fill in a respondent validation questionnaire.

Results

Four main themes were developed:

  1. 1) advantages, and

  2. 2) disadvantages in the use of CAMs,

  3. 3) patients’ and own experiences,

  4. 4) variety of therapies under the CAM acronym.

Among the pros, 75% of respondents agreed that CAMs allow a better global approach to the patient, 58% that CAMs may improve quality of life, 66% that conventional psychiatric therapies do not solve every situation. As to disadvantages, some professionals (medical doctors) expressed skepticism on CAMs.

Conclusions

Being realistic, open-minded and ready to listen and cooperate: this could be the best attitude towards patients who take CAMs.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2013
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