The final session of the Scientific Retreat on ADHD held by the CEDP at The University of Melbourne on September 1, 1995 was a roundtable discussion aimedat arriving at a consensus statement on issues related to ADHD in Australia. Dr Russell Barkley actedas devil's advocate and facilitator. Discussion was lively and wide ranging, but agreement was not always easy to achieve. Discussion topics ranged across its legitimate status as a disorder, its comorbid risks, its genetic and environmental aetiology, its prevalence and associated gender criteria, its multiprofessional diagnosis and psychological and behavioural assessment, treatment efficacy, andimportant Australian issues still to be addressed. Some major areas of agreement between the delegates, emerging trends, and foci of further investigation have been synthesised from a transcript of the final session.